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 ABLA Mohamed (Egyptian, b.1953)  Bio

ABLA Mohamed (Egyptian, b.1953)

 AKAR Abdallah (Tunisian, b. 1952)  Bio

AKAR Abdallah (Tunisian, b. 1952)

Born in Tunisia, Abdallah AKAR arrived in France to pursue Science studies at Paris VII University. In 1980, he met an Irakian calligrapher, Ghani ALANI. In the following years, he exhibited in France as well as in Tunisia. Since this period, he has shared his time between the Calligraphy, multiple collaborations such as the INSTITUT du MONDE ARABE, Paris, many seminaries in France and around the world and personal creation in his Val d�Oise studio � close to Paris. During the early 2000s, he realized an Installation which stood out: 16 textiles richly decorated with calligraphy, tribute to the Pre-Islamic poetry and tribute repeated in 2007 by a publication of Poèmes Suspendus (Muallaq�at) edited in both languages, French and Arabic, (see Editions Alterbatives, Paris). Always researching a renewed demonstration of the calligraphic language, exploring mediums such as fabric, canvas, wood and even glass, he shows his work in Europe and simultaneously on the Middle-East art scene. Né en Tunisie, Abdallah AKAR arrive en France pour poursuivre des Etudes supérieures scientifiques à Paris VII. En 1980, il rencontre un maître en la personne du calligraphe Irakien Ghani ALANI. Dans les années qui suivent, il expose tant en France qu'en Tunisie. De cette époque et jusqu'à ce jour, il se partage entre enseignement de la calligraphie, collaborations multiples avec l'INSTITUT du MONDE ARABE à Paris, séminaires tant en France qu'à l'étranger et création personnelle dans son atelier du Val d'Oise près de Paris. Au début des années 2000, il conçoit une Installation qui fera date: 16 textiles calligraphiés, hommage à la poésie préislamique, hommage réitéré en 2007 par la publication de "Poèmes Suspendus" (Muallaq'at) dans une édition bilingue franco-arabe aux Editions Alternatives à Paris. Toujours en recherche d'une manifestation renouvelée du langage calligraphique, explorant des supports aussi variés que le textile, la toile, le bois et même le verre, il montre son travail en Europe et conjointement sur la scène Moyen-Orientale.

 AKGUN Arzu (Turkish, B.1970)  Bio

AKGUN Arzu (Turkish, B.1970)

Arzu Akgün puts emphasis on goods which form a basic part of our daily life by converting these images into 3 dimensions with her paintings on woodblocks. This creative process originates from the consumer goods. The artist also highlights the connection between the object and the individual by using existing elements and forms such as showcases, shopping centers, etc. She also carries objects of desire such as cosmetic products and aesthetically shaped woman silhoettes into her paintings. Arzu Akgün also uses or changes the original rich visual layers of consumer goods rather than just re-painting an exising object. Reinterpreting the traditional woodblock printing technique, the artist developed a uniqattitude.

 AL NUAIMI Ibrahim (U.A.E.)  Bio

AL NUAIMI Ibrahim (U.A.E.)

As a son of the Emirates,Ibrahim Al Nuaimi is truly an innovative human and artist.Producing creations of aesthetic beauty and form.Pleasing the intellect of the collectors and global admirers, an artisan self-chanllenging for growth of his craft and keeping what is dear to his heart an influence of his heritage and culture.

 AL YOUSEF Majid (Saudi Arabia)  Bio

AL YOUSEF Majid (Saudi Arabia)

 AL-DROUBI Hafidh (Iraqi, 1914-1991)  Bio

AL-DROUBI Hafidh (Iraqi, 1914-1991)

Born in Baghdad, Iraq on 1914, Hafidh Al Drubi became one of the leading figures in contemporary Iraqi art. He studied art in Rome and also graduated from Goldsmith College in London on 1950. He returned to Iraq in 1936 where established the first free atelier in Baghdad on 1942. He chaired SIPA for six years and was the Dean of AFA for six years. Memberships include: Founding member The Impressionists, 1953; the AFS in which he took part in all their exhibitions in 1941-43 and 45. He participated in the other art exhibits such as The Avicenna Exhibition in Baghdad in 1952. He took part in numerous Iraqi art exhibitions in Europe, 1964. And then he received Honorary Awards from UIA and SIPA. His artworks in private and public collections including: ministries, universities and museums worldwide.

 ALECHINSKY Pierre (Belgian, b.1927)  Bio

ALECHINSKY Pierre (Belgian, b.1927)

(b Brussels, 19 Oct 1927). Belgian painter, draughtsman, printmaker and film maker. He studied book illustration and typography at the Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture et des Arts Décoratifs from 1944 to 1946. In 1947 he became a member of the Jeune Peinture Belge group and had his first one-man exhibition in the Galerie Lou Cosyn in Brussels. In 1949 he became a founder-member of the COBRA movement after meeting Christian Dotremont. With a number of artist friends he set up a type of research centre and meeting-place in Brussels, the Ateliers du Marais. Towards the end of 1951 he went to Paris, moving to Japan in 1955 to study the art of calligraphy, also making a film called Calligraphie japonaise (1956). He adopted the Oriental manner of painting, whereby the paper is spread on the floor and the artist leans over the work holding the bottle of ink, allowing a greater freedom of movement. In 1957 he made his first large works on paper in Indian ink and afterwards mounted the paper on canvas.

 ALI Moustafa (syrian, b.1956)  Bio

ALI Moustafa (syrian, b.1956)

Mustafa Ali, one of the Arab world’s foremost sculptors, was born in Lattakia, Syria in 1956. Known for elegant, monumental sculptures that pierce our consciousness and underscore the fragility of mankind, he has been a favorite among regional collectors for nearly three decades. After studying sculpture at the Faculty of Fine Art in Damascus, Ali continued his studies at the Fine Arts Academy in Carrara, Italy and graduated in 1996. He has exhibited extensively, both in his native Syria and internationally, since 1979 and has participated in a number of high-profile events such as Lattakia Sculpture Biennial (where he was awarded the Golden Prize) (1997), the Biennial of Alexandria, Egypt (1994), the Sharjah Biennial (1995), and the International Symposium for Sculptors in Valencia, Spain (2001). Widely recognized, his work is housed in private and public collections throughout the Middle East, including a number of official institutions in Syria such as the National Museum and the Museum of Contemporary Art in Damascus, in addition to the Jordan National Gallery in Amman, the Sharjah Museum of Art and the Arab World Institute in Paris. Many of his bronze and wood sculptures can also be found in public spaces, such as “The Gate of Syria,” which is on display in the Mediterranean Olympiad in Pari, Italy, and “The Tower of Memory,” which stands in the Damascus International Fairground. Ali is also the director of the renowned Damascus art center The Mustafa Ali Art Foundation, which presents exhibitions, workshops, lectures and cultural events throughout the year to local artists and the public. Through his work and his nonprofit, Ali has fostered generations of Syrian artists.

 AME72  Bio

AME72

AME72 (pronounced 'aim72') is a UK artist who has been active in the graffiti scene since 1985. He is probably best known for his use of lego stencils to create thought provoking and humorous images reflecting life in today's society. This has also earned AME72 the nickname, 'the lego guy'. His preferred medium is spray paint but he has also created intricate sculptures from sand, snow and plastic. AME72 has created works around the globe in various countries. Notable pieces include 'Where's the missing peace?' done on the Israeli security wall in Bethlehem, and 'Rooms for rent' done outside Buckingham Palace in London, which highlighted homelessness in the UK.

 ANDERSON Peter (American, 1942-)  Bio

ANDERSON Peter (American, 1942-)

Full name Peter William Anderson; born June 18, 1942, America Artist, in Eau Claire. Famous Works • Credits; Film Work; Director Of Photography And Supervisor Of Special Effects • Race with the Devil, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1975. • Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Columbia, 1977. • Buck Rogers in the 25th Century, Columbia, 1979. • Flash Gordon, Universal, 1980. • The Incredible Shrinking Woman, Universal, 1981. • Tron, Buena Vista, 1982. • Splash, Buena Vista, 1984. • My Science Project, Buena Vista, 1985. • Baby: Secret of a Lost Legend, Touchstone, 1985. • Cocoon, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1985. • Ishtar, Columbia, 1987. • Also directed photography and supervised special effects for The Hunt for Red October, Paramount; Look Who's Talking, Tri-Star; Look Who's Talking, Too, Tri-Star; Tango and Cash, Warner Bros.; Ruthless People, Disney; Country, Disney; Trench coat, Disney; One Magic Christmas, Disney; Cheech and Chong's Next Movie, Universal. Directed photography and supervised special effects for film specials, including Star tours Preshow, Captain Eo, Journey into Imagination, and The American Adventure. • Credits; Television Work; Director Of Photography And Supervisor Of Special Effects • Directed photography and supervised special effects for television series, including Air Wolf, Hill Street Blues, Valerie's Family, Son of Zorro, and Ellery Queen, for television specials, including A Smoky Mountain Christmas, and for television commercials.

 ANDO Hiro (Japanese, b. 1973)  Bio

ANDO Hiro (Japanese, b. 1973)

Hiro ANDO was born in 1973, in the Shikoku region of Japan. After graduating in Oil Painting, he worked for several design studios and then specialised in design in 1993. By 1995 he had begun his career as an illustrator. His technique consists of elaborating several basic sketches before painting on the canvas. He is entirely polyvalent, using oil, digital supports as well as sculpture.

 Antique Photographs  Bio

Antique Photographs

Maison Bonfils & Zangari

 ARABSHAHI Massoud (Iranian, b.1935)  Bio

ARABSHAHI Massoud (Iranian, b.1935)

ARABSHAHI born Tehran, Iran, 1935 is an Iranian painter. Arabshahi held his first solo exhibition at the Iran-India Centre, Tehran, in 1964, four years before graduating from the College of Decorative Arts, Tehran. His work includes oils on canvas, sculptures and architectural reliefs- among the latter commissions for the Office for Industry and Mining, Tehran, 1971, and the California Insurance Building, Santa Rosa, California, USA, 1985. His sources of inspiration comprise Achaemenid and Assyrian art as well as Babylonian carvings and inscriptions. Combining tradition and modernity. His work has been shown in a number of solo and group exhibitions in Iran, Europe and the United States including Two Modernist Iranian Pioneers, at the Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, 2001; and Iranian Contemporary Art, Barbican Centre, London, 2001. He lives and works in Tehran and California. [edit] Prizes 1964, Ministry of Arts and Culture Prize, 4th Tehran Biennial 1965, Mother's Day Exhibition Prize, Tehran 1972, First Prize, Public contest for sculpture ornament at the Farah-abad Park, Tehran 1973, First Prize, Monaco International Exhibition [edit] Exhibitions 1964, Tehran, Iran, India Artistic Center 1965, Tehran, Iran, Tehran University 1965, Paris, France, Biennial 1967, Paris, France, Galerie Solstice 1967, Paris, France, Museum of Sacred Arts 1968, U.S.A, Mobile Exhibition of Contemporary Iranian Arts 1970, Tehran, Iran, Modern Iranian Art: a Retrospective , Iran American Society 1971, Tehran, Iran, Negar Gallery 1973, Paris, France, Grand Palais 1973, Paris, France, Galerie Guiot 1973, Monaco, France, Monaco International Exhibition, Monte Carlo 1974, Tehran, Iran, International Exhibition of Arts 1975, Tehran, Iran, Blue , Takhte Jamshid Gallery 1975, Tehran, Iran, Volume and Environment, Iran America Society

 ARMAN (French, 1928-2005)  Bio

ARMAN (French, 1928-2005)

Armand Pierre Fernandez was born in 1928 in Nice, France. He is known as one of the most important international object artists and a co-founder and member of the Nouveau Réalisme. He studied at the Ecole Nationale des Arts Décoratifs in Nice from 1946 to 1949 and then continued his studies for two years at the Ecole du Louvre in Paris. An acquaintance with Yves Klein led to the idea of organising joint happenings and events, which the two artists realised in 1953. Armand's neo-dadaist 'Cachets' (stamp prints) of 1955, and later the 'Allures' (prints made with objects dipped into paint) and the 'Coupés' (cut-up objects) followed by the 'Colères' (objects which were smashed and then mounted) were still influenced by Kurt Schwitters. When the last letter of his name was accidentally forgotten on a catalogue cover in 1958, he decided to keep this spelling as a pseudonym: Arman. The artist discovered his famous 'Poubelles', Plexiglas cases with rubbish cast in resin, at the beginning of the 1960s. From the 'Poubelles' Arman developed the so-called 'Accumulations', a number of same objects assembled in show cases. These arrangements consisted mainly of day-to-day-life objects, with which the artist ironically questioned the waste character of modern mass products. Arman began working on the 'Combustiones' (burnt objects) during a stay in New York in 1963. He accepted a teaching post in Los Angeles in 1967 and taught at the University of California until 1968. From 1975 onwards Arman spent seven years working on a monumental sculpture made of 60 cars which he called 'Long Term Parking'. Together with Klein, Tinguely, Raysse and César, Arman is one of the most important artists of the Nouveau Réalisme.

 ARRIETTI Fabienne (French, b. 1956)  Bio

ARRIETTI Fabienne (French, b. 1956)

Fabienne ARIETTI was born in Marseille in 1955. She founded in 1980 the Villa Corot (studio) in Paris where she still lives and works. Her technique is the "Old Masters' one's. The colours are made in the studio from crushed organic and mineral pigments. The work is being made by transparency, from the clearest to the darkest with the help of successive glazes painted one after the other until the wished result. Finally, between 30 and 50 coats of gaze judiciously chosen give an exceptional spirit to the enameled colors of old paintings.

 ARROYO Eduardo (Spanish, b.1937)  Bio

ARROYO Eduardo (Spanish, b.1937)

(b Madrid, 26 Feb 1937). Spanish painter, sculptor, potter, printmaker and stage designer. As a painter he was mainly self-taught. After working as a journalist in 1957, he left Spain in 1958 to avoid military service, settling in Paris. There he continued to work both as a journalist and painter. From 1968 to 1972 he lived in Milan, returning to Paris in 1973. His work developed from expressionism to realism (Nueva figurina), which reflected on the pictorial language and function of painting and the artist’s role in society. He manipulated ready-made images, words and elements derived from commercial art and the work of other painters. His pieces formed series whose titles referred to the legacy of the Spanish Civil War and the contemporary political situation to help make their critical point. His work frequently provoked controversy, for example his series Arcole Bridge and St Bernard’s Pass (1962–6) was based on the theme of Napoleon Bonaparte as a symbol of imperialism (e.g. Arcole , 1964; priv. col., see Astier, p. 12). He presented dictators, bullfighters, soldiers and Spanish gentlemen (e.g. Spanish Gentleman , 1970; Paris, Pompidou; see SPAIN, fig. 19) as a metaphorical list of his dislikes. Through his work he attacked such political figures as Winston Churchill and Adolf Hitler as well as Miró and perpetrators of uncommitted painting (e.g. Blind Painters , 1975; priv. col., see Astier, p. 77). From 1976 he painted portraits of such artist friends as Gilles Aillaud (b 1928), Aldo Mondino (b 1938) and Antonio Recalcati (b 1938). In 1980 Arroyo produced a series of mask-like bronze heads of chimneysweeps (e.g. Chimneysweep I , 1980; priv. col., see 1987 exh. cat., p. 148).

 B. PRABHA (Indian ,1933-2001)  Bio

B. PRABHA (Indian ,1933-2001)

B. Prabha was born in the village of Bela, near Nagpur in Maharashtra in 1933. Growing up in a close-knit middle-class family, she studied at the Nagpur School of Art and went on pursue a Diploma in Painting and Mural Painting from the Sir J.J. School of Art, Mumbai. Although she worked mostly with oils on canvas, this modern painter did explore several media, styles and subjects before finally settling with oils as her preferred medium. Following her phase of experimentation, Prabha developed an elegant, formal style that remains her trademark. Her paintings cover a wide range of subjects, from landscapes to social issues like droughts, hunger and homelessness. A significant component of Prabha’s body of work is the artist’s self-conscious attempt to immortalize the plight of women in her country. Prabha’s signature style fully evolved after her marriage to fellow artist B. Vithal in 1956, when she moved from modern abstract forms to a more decorative figuration. She held her first joint exhibition with her husband the same year. It is interesting to note that B. Prabha was a practicing female artist in an age where women were unapologetically oppressed, and it is no surprise therefore that Prabha used her own position as an artist to make strong comments on the same. While her work today might seem like a simple documentation of the figures of rural women, it must be taken into account that a few decades ago these might have been odes to the spirit and the plight of these women. B. Prabha held two solo shows at Delhi’s Kumar Gallery in 1959 and 1961. In 1993, her solo exhibition ‘Shradhanjali’ in Mumbai was dedicated to her late husband B. Vithal. Prabha’s work was included in the group exhibition ‘Contemporary Indian Painters’ at Jehangir Art Gallery in Mumbai in 1996. She was also a part of Bombay State Art Exhibition in 1958 where she was awarded the first prize. B. Prabha passed away in 2001. Posthumously, her work has been included in shows like ‘Winter Moderns’ at Aicon Gallery, New York; and ‘Pot Pourri’ at Gallery Beyond, Mumbai, both in 2008.

 BAGHERI Seyed Amin (Iranian, b. 1981)  Bio

BAGHERI Seyed Amin (Iranian, b. 1981)

 BAKHTIARI Massoumeh (Iranian, b. 1966)  Bio

BAKHTIARI Massoumeh (Iranian, b. 1966)

 BAKRE Sadanand K. (Indian ,1920-2007)  Bio

BAKRE Sadanand K. (Indian ,1920-2007)

Sadanand Bakre (S. K. Bakre) (10 November 1920 – 18 December 2007) was an Indian painter and sculptor. Bakre was born in Baroda, and was one of the founders of the Bombay Progressive Artists' Group, the pioneers of modern art in India. In 1951 he went to Britain, where he soon gave up sculpture and concentrated on painting. He had a one-man exhibition at the Commonwealth Institute (1951), another at Gallery One (1959), and four at the Nicholas Treadwell Gallery (1969–1975).[1] Bakre returned to India in 1975. In his later years he became a recluse, but he received a lifetime achievement award from the Bombay Art Society in 2004.[2] He died from a heart attack[3] in Murud-Harnai in the Ratnagiri district in 2007.[1]

 BANKSY (British, b. 1975)  Bio

BANKSY (British, b. 1975)

Banksy (b.1974) is perhaps the most famous current graffiti artist. While his real name is still the subject of much debate, Banksy is known throughout the world as a graffiti artist who specializes in satirical political and societal commentary. His art is a combination of stenciling, spray paint and fine brush painting. Known for infiltrating art museums and creating huge displays in prominent places in major cities, Banksy recently came out of anonymity long enough to collaborate with and put on a show in the Bristol Museum of Art. Recent controversy saw Banksy decorating Israel's controversial West Bank barrier with satirical images of life on the other side.

 BARTA Radomir (Czech, b. 1958)  Bio

BARTA Radomir (Czech, b. 1958)

Radomír Bárta - art blacksmith, sculptor, designer established in 1986.They make pieces to order, including fountains, based on our own design, on a clients idea, or in cooperation with architects. As a basic stuff they use stainless steel and its combinations with glass, stone (granite, marble, sandstone) and wood, or other natural materials. THeY know technology for making stainless statues to 20m high which are able to stand up to wind of 50m per second - winner of design contest Oryx for Pearl Qatar 2008.

 BARYE Antoine-Louis (French, 1796-1875)  Bio

BARYE Antoine-Louis (French, 1796-1875)

Born in Paris, Barye began his career as a goldsmith, like many sculptors of the Romantic Period. After studying under sculptor Francois-Joseph Bosio and painter Baron Antoine-Jean Gros he was in 1818 admitted to the École des Beaux Arts. But it was not until 1823, while working for Fauconnier, the goldsmith, that he discovered his true predilection from watching the animals in the Jardin des Plantes, making vigorous studies of them in pencil drawings comparable to those of Delacroix, then modelling them in sculpture on a large or small scale. In 1831 he exhibited his Tiger devouring a Crocodile, and in 1832 had mastered a style of his own in the Lion and Snake. Thenceforward Barye, though engaged in a perpetual struggle with want, exhibited year after year studies of animals—admirable groups which reveal him as inspired by a spirit of true romance, as in his Roger and Angelica on the Hippogriff (1840), drawn from an episode in Orlando furioso, and a feeling for the beauty of the antique, as in Theseus and the Minotaur (1847), "Lapitha and Centaur" (1848), and numerous minor works now very highly valued. Barye was no less successful in sculpture on a small scale, and excelled in representing animals in their most familiar attitudes. Examples of his larger work include the Lion of the Column of July, of which the plaster model was cast in 1839, various lions and tigers in the gardens of the Tuileries, and the four groups--War, Peace, Strength, and Order (1854). In 1852 he cast his bronze Jaguar devouring a Hare. Fame came late in the sculptor's life. He was made Professor of Drawings at the Museum of Natural History in 1854, and was elected to the Académie des beaux-arts in 1868. No new works were produced by Barye after 1869. The mass of admirable work left by Barye entitles him to be regarded as one of the great animal life artists of the French school, and the refiner of a class of art which has attracted such men as Emmanuel Frémiet, Peter, Cain, and Georges Gardet.

 BLAKE Sir Peter (british b. 1932)  Bio

BLAKE Sir Peter (british b. 1932)

Sir Peter Thomas Blake, CBE, RDI, (born 25 June 1932, in Dartford, Kent) is an English pop artist, best known for his design of the sleeve for the Beatles' album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. He has also designed an exclusive collage for Chelsea Football Club for the 2010 season. He lives in Chiswick, London, UK. During the late 1950s, Blake became one of the best known British pop artists. His paintings from this time included imagery from advertisements, music hall entertainment, and wrestlers, often including collaged elements. Blake was included in group exhibitions at the Institute of Contemporary Arts and had his first solo exhibition in 1960. It was with the 'Young Contemporaries' exhibition of 1961 where he was exhibited alongside David Hockney and R.B. Kitaj that he was first identified with the emerging British Pop Art movement. Blake won the (1961) John Moores junior award for his work Self Portrait with Badges. He first came to wider public attention when, along with Pauline Boty, Derek Boshier and Peter Phillips, he was featured in Ken Russell's Monitor film on pop art, Pop Goes the Easel, which was broadcast on BBC television in 1962. From 1963 Blake was represented by Robert Fraser which placed him at the centre of swinging London and brought him into contact with leading figures of popular culture. On the Balcony (1955-57) is a significant early work and still stands as one of the iconic pieces of British Pop Art, showing Blake's interest in combining images from pop culture with fine art. The work, which appears to be a collage but is in fact wholly painted, shows, among other things, a boy on the left of the composition holding Edouard Manet's The Balcony, badges and magazines. It was inspired by a painting by Honoré Sharrer depicting workers holding famous paintings. The First Real Target, 1961, Tate Gallery Blake has directly referred to the work of other artists many times. Another example is The First Real Target (1961) is a standard archery target with the title written across the top as a play on the paintings of targets by Kenneth Noland and Jasper Johns. Blake also painted several notable album sleeves. He designed the sleeve for Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band with his then-wife Jann Haworth, the American-born artist whom he married in 1963 and divorced in 1979. The Sgt. Pepper's sleeve has become an iconic work of pop art, much imitated and Blake's best known work. Producing the image necessitated the construction of a set with cut-out photographs and objects, such as flowers, centred around a drum (sold in auction in 2008) with the title of the album. Blake has subsequently complained about the one-off fee he received for the design (£200 [1]), with no subsequent royalties. Blake also made sleeves for the Band Aid single, "Do They Know It's Christmas?" (1984), Paul Weller's Stanley Road (1995) and the Ian Dury tribute album Brand New Boots and Panties (2001; Blake had been Dury's tutor at the Royal College of Art in the mid-60s). He also designed the sleeves for Pentangle's Sweet Child and The Who's Face Dances (1981), which features portraits of the band by a number of artists. In 1969 Blake left London to live near Bath. Blake's work changed direction featuring scenes based on English Folklore and characters from Shakespeare. In the early 1970s, he made a set of watercolours to illustrate Lewis Carroll's Through the Looking-Glass and in 1975 was a founder of the Brotherhood of Ruralists. Blake moved back to London in 1979 and his work returned to the earlier popular culture references. In January 1992 Blake appeared on BBC2's acclaimed "Arena" Masters Of The Canvas documentary and painted the portrait of the wrestler Kendo Nagasaki. In June 2006, as The Who returned to play Leeds University 36 years after recording their seminal Live at Leeds album there in 1970, Blake unveiled a new Live at Leeds 2 artwork to commemorate the event. Both the artist and The Who's Pete Townshend signed an edition which will join the gallery's collection. More recently, Blake has created Artist's editions for the opening of the Pallant House Gallery which houses collections that include some of his most famous paintings. These works are homages to his earlier work on the Stanley Road album cover and Babe Rainbow prints. He also designed a series of deck chairs. In 2006, Blake designed the cover for Oasis greatest hits album Stop the Clocks. According to Blake, he chose all of the objects in the picture at random, but the sleeves of Sgt. Pepper's and Definitely Maybe were in the back of his mind. He claims, "It's using the mystery of Definitely Maybe and running away with it." Familiar cultural icons which can be seen on the cover include Dorothy from Wizard of Oz, Charles Manson (replacing the original image of Marilyn Monroe, which could not be used for legal reasons) and the seven dwarfs from Snow White And The Seven Dwarfs. Blake also revealed that the final cover wasn't the original one. That design featured an image of the shop 'Granny Takes A Trip' on the Kings Road in Chelsea, London. Blake created an updated version of Sgt. Pepper - with famous figures from Liverpool history - as part of the successful campaign for Liverpool to become European Capital of Culture 2008, and is creating a series of prints to celebrate Liverpool's status. [2] In 2008, Blake painted a pig for the public art event King Bladud's Pigs In Bath in the English city of Bath. He also recently designed a shopping bag for the Lucky Brand Jeans company for the holiday season. Blake created the carpet which runs through the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom's Middlesex Guildhall building.[3]

 BLEK LE RAT (French, b. 1951)  Bio

BLEK LE RAT (French, b. 1951)

"Every time I think I've painted something slightly original, I find out that Blek Le Rat has done it as well. Only twenty years earlier." Banksy, 2005 Blek Le Rat (Xavier Prou) was born in Paris in 1951. He is a grand master of street art, and considered by many to be the originator of stencil graffiti. Blek has been adorning the streets of Paris with his hugely original and intelligent artwork since the early eighties, and he has been a massive influence on today’s graffiti and guerrilla art movements. He started decorating the streets of Paris in 1981 with a rat stencil, hoping to create an invasion of rats in the city. He was inspiered to created this stencil after seeing the graffiti in New York in the 70’s, but he didn’t just want to copy the American style he wanted to create a style that suited Paris and so he chose the stencil as he saw this something very Latin. After the rats he moved onto using life sizes portraits. The fist of these was an old man wearing glasses and screaming. Blek has now painted on walls all over the world and has influenced a whole generation of street artists. He was a pioneer of stencil graffiti and one of the first artist to move to using a symbol rather than his name as his tag. Blek le rat created his mane from a cartoon strip he used to read as a child ‘Blek le Rock’. He changed the ‘le Rock’ to ‘le Rat’ because his first stencil was a rat and because you can find art in rat. He no longer paints on walls after in 1991 he was tried for ten years worth of graffiti and had to pay substantial fines, and would face jail if caught again. He continues to produce work but now it is in the form of posters rather than painting directly on walls. Blek le rat lives in an abandoned 10th Century castle somewhere in France with his wife and teenage son.

 BOGOMAZOV Aleksander K.(Russian,b.1880-1930)  Bio

BOGOMAZOV Aleksander K.(Russian,b.1880-1930)

 BOTERO Fernando (Colombian, b. 1932)  Bio

BOTERO Fernando (Colombian, b. 1932)

born April 19, 1932, Medellín, Colombia) Colombian artist known for his paintings and sculptures of inflated human and animal shapes. As a youth, Botero attended a school for matadors for several years, but his true interest was in art. While still a teenager, he began painting and was inspired by the pre-Columbian and Spanish colonial art that surrounded him as well as by the political work of Mexican muralist Diego Rivera. His own paintings were first exhibited in 1948, and two years later, in Bogotá, he had his first one-man show. While studying painting in Madrid in the early 1950s, he made his living by copying paintings housed in the Prado Museum�particularly those of his idols at the time, Francisco de Goya and Diego Velázquez�and selling them to tourists. He spent much of the rest of the decade studying the art treasures of Paris and Florence. Throughout the 1950s Botero began experimenting with proportion and size. When he moved to New York City in 1960, he had developed his trademark style: the depiction of round, corpulent humans and animals. In these works he referenced Latin-American folk art in his use of flat, bright colour and boldly outlined forms. He favoured a smooth look in his paintings, eliminating the appearance of brushwork and texture, as in Presidential Family (1967). In works such as this, he also drew from the Old Masters he had emulated in his youth: his formal portraits of the bourgeoisie and political and religious dignitaries clearly reference the composition and meditative quality of formal portraits by Goya and Velázquez. The inflated proportions of his figures, such as those in Presidential Family, also suggest an element of political satire, perhaps hinting at the subjects' inflated sense of their own importance. His other paintings from the period include bordello scenes and nudes, which possess comic qualities that challenge and satirize sexual mores, and portraits of families, which possess a gentle, affectionate quality. In 1973 Botero returned to Paris and began creating sculptures in addition to his works on canvas. These works extended the concerns of his painting, as he again focused on rotund subjects. Successful outdoor exhibitions of his monumental bronze figures, including Roman Soldier (1985), Maternity (1989), and The Left Hand (1992), were staged around the world in the 1990s. He also continued to paint, creating bullfight scenes throughout the 1980s.

 BOUNAN Charly (French, b.1964)  Bio

BOUNAN Charly (French, b.1964)

Designer, ancien marchand d'Art ayant travaillé en étroite collaboration avec Tobiasse, Combas, Peter Klasen et de nombreux autres artistes de renommée internationale. Depuis 10 ans ce jeune créateur s'evertue à mettre en oeuvre son regard très personnel du design moderne à travers l'usage singulier de l'altuglas.

 BRAZIER Liam (British)  Bio

BRAZIER Liam (British)

 BRITISH DESIGN COLLECTIVE  Bio

BRITISH DESIGN COLLECTIVE

British Design Collective are two creative individuals who met at art school. There they began to share ideas and inspirations and, having completed BA degrees at Edinburgh and Liverpool, they have been working together from their own studio for the past 5 years. Initially returning to the North East of England to set-up their first studio, Static are now based in East London, where they continue to produce original work and screen printed editions in house and by hand. Their work combines elements of street art and fine art, merging a clean graphic style with stencils, spray paint, screen-printing and paint brushes, to create unique pieces which have been exhibited on the streets of London as well as a number of international gallery spaces. British Design Collective established their studio in 2006 and have been printing, painting and pasting all their work in-house to maintain a consistency of output and directly influence the decision making processes that go into each idea, original artwork and edition they produce. 2010 saw their first solo Exhibitions in the UK - ArtRepublic London - and in Japan.

 BRITTO Romero (Brazilian, 1963)  Bio

BRITTO Romero (Brazilian, 1963)

Romero Britto was born in Recife, Brazil on October 6, 1963 as the seventh of nine children. Art first entered Romero�s life when he was a young child but he did not understand art as a profession until his older brother brought home books about famous artists like Toulouse Lautrec. Britto began copying the works of these masters from the books he got from his brother day after day. In the beginning, art was an outlet Britto used to escape even through his teenage years and early twenties when Romero was working toward entry into law school. Romero has explored many media including watercolor, pen and ink, serigraphy, lithography, acrylic, and even finger paint. Britto�s work embodies the expressionist color patterns of the Fauves, the multi-dimensional facets of Cubism, and the reference to mass culture in Pop Art. With clean, bold, and colorful imagery, Britto subtly delivers strong, poignant messages in a refreshing and upbeat manner. His masterful use of form and color resonate with activism, allowing him to address a variety of social and political issues. Romero Britto has exhibited around the globe and has achieved a monumental following. His artworks are in the collections of heads of state, European nobility, international art collectors, and superstars of the sports, entertainment, and business worlds. Among those collecting Britto�s work are such celebrities as Michael Jordan and Arnold Schwarzenegger. Britto has been commissioned for major projects including advertising campaigns for Absolute Vodka. He has been featured in many articles published in Forbes, Vanity Fair, The New Yorker, ARTNews, and more. Romero is renowned for his charitable contributions and activities whether it be helping to protect and preserve the Brazilian rainforest, assisting the mentally ill, or funding research for AIDS.

 BRONZE VIENNA "Bergman" (19th Century)  Bio

BRONZE VIENNA "Bergman" (19th Century)

Franz xaver Bergman (1861 � 1936),Viennese sculptor who produced numerous cold-painted bronze Oriental and animal figures. either a 'B' in an urn-shaped cartouche or 'Nam Greb' - 'Bergman' in reverse. These marks were used to disguise his identity on erotic works.

 BROUARD A, (French, XIX, XX)  Bio

BROUARD A, (French, XIX, XX)

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

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 BRUSKIN Grisha (Russian, b.1945)  Bio

BRUSKIN Grisha (Russian, b.1945)

Grisha Bruskin (Grigoriy Davidovich Bruskin, born 1945 in Moscow) is a Russian Jewish painter, active until 1989 in the Soviet Union, and since 1989 in the United States. Bruskin's Soviet-era work was nonconformist and largely dealt with being Jewish in the Soviet Union. Many of his works reference Kabbalah, though generally without putting forth any narrative interpretation.[1] His 1982 painting In the Red Space attracted unfavorable attention from the authorities for depicting a golem wearing a Soviet uniform, carrying a synagogue out of which people are falling, all against a red background.[2] Subsequent exhibitions of his works in Vilnius in 1983 and Moscow in 1984 were closed by the authorities soon after they opened.[2] As glasnost eased official censorship, he gained significant attention when a painting dealing with the dominance of signs and symbols in Soviet society, Fundamental Lexicon (1986), sold at a 1988 Sotheby's auction in Moscow for £220,000.[3] In 1989, he emigrated to the United States, where he became one of the more successful Russian-Jewish émigré artists.

 BToy (Andrea Michaelsson) (Spanish,b.1977)  Bio

BToy (Andrea Michaelsson) (Spanish,b.1977)

 BUFFET Bernard (French, 1928-1999)  Bio

BUFFET Bernard (French, 1928-1999)

The French painter and graphic artist Bernard Buffet was born in Paris on July 10, 1929. In 1944 he begins to study at the École des Beaux-Arts. As of 1945 he works as a free artist, his first gallery exhibition takes place in 1947, however, it is not crowned with success. In 1948 he receives the "Prix de la Critique" from the Paris art critics, this award makes him famous and his works are highly sought-after. The same year he is contracted by the Paris gallery David et Garnier where he exhibits his new works every year. His paintings often deal with one subject, such as views of certain cities, flowers, ships, insects etc. In 1955 he makes a series of paintings on the "Terrors of War". In 1957 he makes the "Scenes of Paris" his favorite subject, in 1958 he turns to "Joan of Arc". Bernard Buffet joins the Paris artists group "L' homme témoin" and develops his own unmistakable Neo-Realist style that has a socio-critical approach. Bernard Buffet's structured works are dominated by dark lines, which gives them a dramatic effect. In 1955 he is elected the most important post-war artist by the art magazine "Connaissance des Arts". The numerous self-portraits play an important role in his oeuvre. Besides paintings, Bernard Buffet also makes an extensive oeuvre of graphic art and also large sculptures. In 1973 the Bernard-Buffet-Museum is opened in Surugadaira, Japan, by the collector Kiichiro Okano, the museum is extended in 1988. In 1971 Bernard Buffet is appointed knight of the honorary legion and is also called to the Académie des Beaux-Arts in 1974. Bernard Buffet dies in Tourtour 1999, committing suicide as the Parkinson disease had limited his abilities so much that he was not able to paint any longer.

 BUGATTI Rembtandt(Italian, 1884-1916)  Bio

BUGATTI Rembtandt(Italian, 1884-1916)

 CALDER Alexander(American,1898-1976)  Bio

CALDER Alexander(American,1898-1976)

 CALVIE Laure (French b.1970)  Bio

CALVIE Laure (French b.1970)

Curriculum Vitae Formation Institut d'Art Visuels, Orléans - France Fine Art of Limerick, Limerick - Irlande Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Arts, Paris-Cergy - France Atelier d'Art Bérino, Paris - France ATEP Atelier de volume et publicité, Paris - France. Résidences / Collaborations & Prestations 2009 - Résidence au Conservatoire Botanique Fondation Massé-Trévidy - Dialogue avec le potager - Morlaix Séjour à la ferme perlière Gauguin's pearl - Atoll de Rangiroa, Archipel des Tuamotus, Polynésie francaise 2008 - Résidence au Centre de Recherches Insulaires et Observatoire scientifique CRIOBE CNRS- Ile de Moorea, Polynésie française, avec le soutien du Conseil Général du Finistère 2007 - Résidence au Centre de Recherches Insulaires et Observatoire scientifique CRIOBE CNRS dessin pour logo - Ile de Moorea, Polynésie française - Résidence au Conservatoire Botanique Fondation Massé-Trévidy - Morlaix 2004 - Résidence au Jardin exotique Georges Delaselle propriété du Conservatoire de l'Espace littoral et des Rivages lacustres 2003 - Résidence à la Station biologique de Roscoff, UPMC CNRS INSU - Roscoff, avec le soutien du Centre National pour les Arts Plastiques CNAP 2006 - 2003 - Dessins pour la société NOBILIS - Paris 2005 - Sérigraphie originale "Oursins" 250 cm X 400 cm, toile métissée pour "la poissonnerie" - Nantes 2004 - Dessins pour la société ETAMINE by ZIMMER & ROHDE - Paris 2002 - Dessins pour les Editions ANACHARSIS - Toulouse Dessins pour les Editions SUD-OUEST - Bordeaux 2000 - 1999 - Dessins pour les Editions ZOU - Marseille. Expositions 2010 - 2009 - Musée de Morlaix 2009 - Galerie Réjane Louin - Locquirec Hotel Intercontinental - Moorea, Polynésie française 2008 - Délégation de la Polynésie française - Paris 2007 - Fondation Massé-Trévidy - Morlaix 2005 - "Echantillons île de Batz" - Ty enev vaz, île de Batz 2003 - "Echantillons route de nuit, Térenez-Paris" - Chez Ninon & Georges - Paris 2002 - Oversize N°7 - Marseille Workshop déco - Paris "A table 2001" - Plouezoc'h "La fille de la Pampa expose chez Arte Diem" - Morlaix. Livres 2009 - "Lagon-jardin" 5 livres-objets (en cours de réalisation) 2003 - "Il est six heures trente" livres-objets avec Hugues Guiral - Plougasnou 2002 - "La boucle de Bérénice" dessin de couverture Editions Anarchasis "A bord du Ty Jao" récit avec une encre originale Editions l'Urgence de l'Art "Laisse venir" en collaboration avec Bertrand Menguy Editions l'Urgence de l'Art. Bourses / Prix 2008 - "Artiste 2008" Conseil Général du Finistère 1994 - "Prix peinture" du Crédit Agricole 1991 - Bourse Erasmus, Beaux Arts de Limerick - Irlande.

 CARTIER-BRESSON Henri (French, b.1908-2004)  Bio

CARTIER-BRESSON Henri (French, b.1908-2004)

Frenchman Henri Cartier-Bresson is often called "the father of photojournalism" for his photos of famous events and people from the 1930s to the 1970s. He studied painting and literature in the 1920s and was influenced by the visual aspects of Surrealism. He took up photography in the early 1930s and had his first exhibitions and publications by 1933. Visits to Mexico and the United States, and a job as an assistant to filmmaker Jean Renoir, helped develop his work, but it was World War II that launched his international career. Imprisoned by the Germans in 1940, he escaped in 1943 and worked with the Resistance, while polishing his skills as a portrait photographer and chronicler of everyday life. He co-founded the photo agency Magnum Photos in 1947, and published his first book, Images a la sauvette, in 1952. His book, released under the English title of The Decisive Moment, became a foundation of modern photojournalism, and Cartier-Bresson became internationally famous as a camera artist whose specialty was capturing significant moments of human interaction. Working exclusively in black and white, Cartier-Bresson captured the liberation of Paris in 1945, Gandhi just before his death in 1948, the Chinese revolution in 1949 and, over the years, dozens of portraits of artists, thinkers and politicians, including Albert Camus, Truman Capote, Che Guevara and Marilyn Monroe. In the mid-1970s he abandoned photography and returned to drawing and painting.Henri Cartier-Bresson was the first photographer to have an exhibit in the Louvre.

 CESAR (French, 1921-1998)  Bio

CESAR (French, 1921-1998)

born 1921 in Marseille, died in Paris on June 12, 1998. The French sculptor and object artist César was born as César Baldaccini. From 1935 to 1939 he studied at the Marseille Academy of Art, and from 1943 to 1947 at the academy in Paris. Among other artists, he meets Pablo Picasso, Germaine Richier, and Alberto Giacometti, and even lived in the same house as Giacometti. At the end of the 1940s, César completed his first sculptures made of plaster and iron. In the traditions of Picasso and González, from 1956 onward César welds pieces of scrap metal to imaginative, figurative or partially figurative sculptural works. From 1960 onward, during the Nouveau Réalisme period, he created his «Compressions dirigées» (car chassis or metal objects of all kinds crushed in hydraulic presses). In the 1960s, influenced by Pop Art, César also worked with colorful plastics and created from these ironic, fetish-related objects using molding techniques.

 CHAGALL Marc (Bellarussian/French 1887-1985)  Bio

CHAGALL Marc (Bellarussian/French 1887-1985)

Marc Chagall (1887-1985) Marc Chagall was born in Vitebsk, Byelorussia to a poor Hassidic family. The eldest of nine children, he studied first in a heder before moving to a secular Russian school, where he began to display his artistic talent. With his mother's support, and despite his father's disapproval, Chagall pursued his interest in art, going to St. Petersburg in 1907 to study art with Leon Bakst. Influenced by contemporary Russian painting, Chagall's distinctive, child-like style, often centering on images from his childhood, began to emerge. From 1910 to 1914, Chagall lived in Paris, and there absorbed the works of the leading cubist, surrealist, and fauvist painters. It was during this period that Chagall painted some of his most famous paintings of the Jewish shtetl or village, and developed the features that became recognizable trademarks of his art. Strong and often bright colors portray the world with a dreamlike, non-realistic simplicity, and the fusion of fantasy, religion, and nostalgia infuses his work with a joyous quality. Animals, workmen, lovers, and musicians populate his figures; the “fiddler on the roof” recurs frequently, often hovering within another scene. Chagall's work of this period displays the influence of contemporary French painting, but his style remains independent of any one school of art. He exhibited regularly in the Salon des Independants. In 1914, before the outbreak of World War I, Chagall held a one-man show in Berlin, exhibiting work dominated by Jewish images and personages. During the war, he resided in Russia, and in 1917, endorsing the revolution, he was appointed Commissar for Fine Arts in Vitebsk and then director of the newly established Free Academy of Art. The Bolshevik authorities, however, frowned upon Chagall's style of art as too modern, and in 1922, Chagall left Russia, settling in France one year later. He lived there permanently except for the years 1941—1948 when, fleeing France during World War II, he resided in the United States. Chagall's horror over the Nazi rise to power is expressed in works depicting Jewish martyrs and Jewish refugees. In addition to images of the Hassidic world, Chagall's paintings are inspired by themes from the Bible. His fascination with the Bible culminated in a series of over 100 etchings illustrating the Bible, many of which incorporate elements from Jewish folklore and from religious life in Vitebsk. Chagall's other illustrations include works by Gogol, La Fontaine, Y. L. Peretz, and his autobiographical Ma Vie (1931; My Life 1960) and Chagall by Chagall (1979). Chagall painted with a variety of media, such as oils, water colors, and gouaches. His work also expanded to other forms of art, including ceramics, mosaics, and stained glass. Among his most famous building decorations are the ceiling of the Opera House in Paris, murals at the New York Metropolitan Opera, a glass window at the United Nations, and decorations at the Vatican. Israel, which Chagall first visited in 1931 for the opening of the Tel Aviv Art Museum, is likewise endowed with some of Chagall's work, most notably the twelve stained glass windows at Hadassah Hospital and wall decorations at the Knesset. Chagall received many prizes and much recognition for his work. He was also one of very few artists to exhibit work at the Louvre in their lifetime. Chagall died on March 28, 1985, in Saint-Paul, France at age 97.

 CHANDRA Avinash (Indian, 1931-1991)  Bio

CHANDRA Avinash (Indian, 1931-1991)

Avinash Chandra was born in Simla, India, in 1931.Studied Delhi Polytechnic Art School 1947 – 1951. He then joined the staff, teaching fine art to undergraduates. Chandra's formal artistic training taught him little about Indian art and more about the "alien" art of Europe & the west. As a young painter, he began painting landscapes which were highly acclaimed. They expressed nostalgia for the trees & landscape of the Simla hills using vibrant colours. At 21, Chandra was youngest artist to be granted a solo exhibition by the progressive artist's movement, the "Delhi Silpi Chakra". One of his 1st paintings, Trees, was bought by the then newly established Museum of Modern Art in Delhi, & was awarded 1st prize in the 1st National Exhibition of Indian Art at the Lalit Kala Akademi in 1955. However, Chandra grew dissatisfied and felt limited by the artistic scope in Delhi. Yearning for artistic liberation, in 1956 Chandra and his then artist wife, Prem Lata (d. 1975), left Delhi and moved to the UK, following an art scholarship awarded to Lata to study at the Central School of Art in London. He mastered the technique of oils, applying his early influences of Van Gogh and Soutine, and quietly observed the trends and themes of worldwide attitudes to art. Chandra's first exhibition in England was hosted by the Royal India, Pakistan and Ceylon Society and held at the Commonwealth Institute (then the Imperial Institute), London in 1957. The exhibition, although successful, left Chandra frustrated. He witnessed the same class of people attend his exhibition as those who had seen his work in Delhi - upper class colonial subjects with royal connections. Chandra felt far from liberated, and saw his initial arrival on the London art scene as being from one colonial environment straight into another. The late 1950s was a turning point in Chandra's artistic development. It was at this time he desired to break away from what he felt were rigid teachings imposed on him in Delhi. He explored philosophy & searched for an artistic expression that was entirely his own, & not influenced by external teachings or interpretations. 1960s brought Avinash Chandra great public success & critical acclaim. In 1961, Chandra's paintings were exposed to the European art world & were featured at various galleries around Europe. In 1962, the BBC produced a television documentary entitled Art of Avinash Chandra exposing the uniqueness of his work. His paintings were showcased at solo exhibitions at the Gulbenkian Museum of Oriental Art in Durham, & Newcastle, York & Middlesbrough as well as in a national touring exhibition in the US. In 1965, Chandra became the 1st Indian British artist to be featured at the Tate Gallery, with their purchase of Hills of Gold. During the mid 1960s, Chandra undertook several corporate art commissions for coloured glass murals & became renowned for their magnitude and vibrancy. Among Chandra's commissions were a mosaic mural for the Indian High Commission in Lagos in 1962, the Pilkington Brothers new office building in St Helens, Lancashire, and a fibre glass mural for the new Indian Tea Centre in Oxford Street, London, in 1964. In 1967 Chandra moved to New York following an award by the Fairfield Foundation Fellowship for Travel and Study. He held several exhibitions on the East coast & was well received by the American art community. Chandra returned to London in 1973 and married actress Valerie Murray in 1977. The so-called erotic imagery of Chandra's 1970s work has led many critics to draw a direct line between his work & Khajuraho, (the intricate sculptures of Hindu gods, girls dancing & lovers, proclaiming the most exalted experiences of men and women upon the temple walls). However, Chandra saw this connection as part of the preconceived perceptions of how India is seen by the West. New artistic themes At this time, Avinash Chandra's main theme was the female body. He began with elegant line drawings which evolved throughout the 1970s, to subtle, erotic coloured drawings. Art critic Ronald Alley said of these paintings "In Chandra's work, sexual images play a vital role, but it is important to realise that they are almost always introduced as part of a much larger experience in a wider context...their appeal Iies in their constant blending with other poetic images: spires, trees, flowers, hills, moons and stars." Avinash Chandra continued to work within this theme until the mid 1980s, when his paintings gradually returned to landscapes and nature. As visual artist Amal Ghosh says in his introduction to Chandra's Horizon Gallery exhibition (April-May 1987), "Avinash has changed. The later work is more poetic...full of birds and flowers...Even the way paint is applied has undergone a radical change. The Chernobyl disaster has penetrated the quiet studio of the artist". The mid 1980s saw Chandra's new work featured at the National Theatre in London, Lalit Kala galleries in New Delhi, as well as in galleries in Florida and London. Chandra's last exhibition was held at the Hayward Gallery in London in November 1989, which went on to tour at Wolverhampton Art Gallery in March 1990, and then to Manchester City Gallery in May-June 1990. By 1991, Avinash Chandra had held over thirty-two individual shows and participated in over thirty-five group exhibitions in many countries. Chandra's work is represented in hundreds of public and private collections in Europe. In the last years of Chandra's life, he continued to produce new work and was planning an exhibition when he passed away in September 1991 at 60 years old.

 CHEMIAKIN Mikhail (Russian b, 1943)  Bio

CHEMIAKIN Mikhail (Russian b, 1943)

An established Russian artist, Mihail Chemiakin works as a painter, set designer, and publisher of books and music. He attended the Repin Academy of Art in Leningrad, but was expelled for failing to conform to Socialist Realist norms. In 1967 he founded the St. Petersburg Group, developing the philosophy of Metaphysical Synthesism. The group was dedicated to the creation of a new form of icon painting based on the study of religious art of all ages and peoples. Chemiakin later moved, first to France and later to New York City, publishing almanacs of post-Stalinist art, poetry and photography. He continues to publish books and music by under-recognized artists. He had his first of many exhibitions in post-Communist Russia in 1989.

 CHILMIRAN Saif B.(Canadian, b. 1990)  Bio

CHILMIRAN Saif B.(Canadian, b. 1990)

A Canadian national with Iraqi roots, born June 13, 1990 in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. In 2006 Saif was offered his first mural commissioned job at a popular gaming lounge within the city. This exposition of his work and talents eventually lead to his graffiti, murals and street art being demanded at various promotional events, Mtv Arabia, 2009 Mini Cooper launch, Redbull air race, Chevrolette Urban Challenge, Marc Ecko, a collaborative project with the international Spanish photographer Miguel Trillo, to name a few. In 2008 Saif started experimenting with canvas and other forms of art, while always keeping the street art factor in perspective.

 CHIZARI Afshin (Iranian, b. 1988)  Bio

CHIZARI Afshin (Iranian, b. 1988)

 CHRISTO (French, b.1935)  Bio

CHRISTO (French, b.1935)

The avant-garde artist Christo created some of the most spectacular large-scale artworks of the 20th century. Working with his wife and creative partner, Jeanne-Claude, he wrapped in fabric the Reichstag building in Berlin (1995) and the Pont Neuf bridge in Paris (1985), built a 25-mile fabric fence across Northern California (1975), and strung a huge orange curtain across a Colorado valley (1972). Christo was born in Bulgaria and studied fine arts in Sofia and Vienna before moving to Paris in 1958. There he met Jeanne-Claude, who became his muse and partner in exotic art. They married in 1962, moved to New York in 1964 and began making the ever-larger "environmental" artworks for which Christo became famous: wrapped fountains, bridges, buildings, and other public spaces. His career (to date) culminated with "The Gates," which placed 7500 vinyl gates, with free-flowing orange nylon fabric panels, across 23 miles of Central Park walkways for 16 days in 2005. Considering himself a pure artist, Christo refused all sponsorship and corporate money and raised the millions needed to execute his artworks by selling sketches, designs, and models of his proposed projects. Extra credit: Christo and Jeanne-Claude were born on the exact same day: 13 June 1935. She died in 2009... They were married in 1962 and had one son, Cyril, who was born in 1960.

 COCTEAU Jean (French, 1889-1963)  Bio

COCTEAU Jean (French, 1889-1963)

The French poet, writer, artist, and film maker Jean Maurice Eugene Clement Cocteau was born to a wealthy family on July 5, 1889 in a small town near Paris, France. Cocteau's father apparently died when he was about 10 years old and some accounts say his father committed suicide. In 1900, he entered a private school and was expelled in 1904. After his expulsion from school, Cocteau ran away to Marseilles where he lived in the "red light district" under a false name. Police discovered him in Marseilles and returned him to his uncle's care. At the age of 17 or 18, Cocteau fell in love with an actress named Madeleine Carlier. She was 30 years old at the time. She later ended the relationship. In 1908, Cocteau associated himself with Edouard de Max. De Max was a reigning tragedian of Paris stage at this time. De Max encouraged Cocteau to write and on April 4 of that year rented the Theatre Femina for the premiere of the young writer's poetry. In 1909, Cocteau met the Russian impresario Sergey Daighilev who ran the Ballets Russes. Daighilev encouraged Cocteau to venture into the genre of ballet. The Russian challenged Cocteau to "Ettonne-moi" (Surprise me). The remark pushed Cocteau to write the libretto for an exotic ballet called "Le Dieu Bleu". During this time, Cocteau also met composer Igor Stravinsky who was working on his composition "The Rite of Spring". In the spring of 1914, Cocteau visited Stravinsky in Switzerland. It was during this visit that Cocteau finished his first book, Le Potomak. The First World War broke out in the summer of 1914 and though Cocteau never served in the military, he did help run an ambulance service. He acquainted himself with a group of marines. Cocteau was arrested and returned to civilian life in 1915. In 1917, he met Pablo Picasso. Cocteau and Picasso went to Rome where they met up with Diaghilev. At this point, Cocteau helped prepare the ballet "Parade". Picasso designed the sets, Erik Satie wrote the music, and the ballet was choreographed by Leonide Massine. The Paris opening in May of that year was a disaster. A few years later the ballet was successful. After the war Cocteau continued his association with several well known artists. He founded a publishing house called "Editions de la Sirene". The company published Cocteau's writings and many musical scores of Stravinsky, Satie and a group of composers known as "Les Six". In 1918, Cocteau formed an intimate friendship with a 15 year old novelist, Raymond Radiguet. Radiguet strongly influenced Cocteau's art and life. The young writer would die from typhoid fever in 1923. His death was a severe blow to Cocteau and drove him to use opium. During Cocteau's recovery from his opium addiction, the artist created some of his most important works including the stage play Orphee, the novel, Les Enfants terribles , and many long poems. In 1930 Cocteau's first film, Blood of a Poet was released. The film was a commentary on his own private mythology. Cocteau designed the work concerning the adventures of a young poet condemned to walk the halls of the "Hotel of Dramatic Follies" for his crime of having brought a statue to life. In the early 1930's, Cocteau wrote what some believe is his greatest play, La Machine Infernal. The play was a treatment of the Oedipus theme. Cocteau also wrote La voix humaine(1930, The Human Voice), Les chevaliers de la table rounde (1937, The Knights of the Round Table) , Les parents terribles (1938, Intimate Relations), and La machine a ecrire (1941, The Typewriter). During the next 15 years the artist's work lapsed. One reason for this is his recurring addiction to opium. His return to work in the early 1940's was primarily due to the influence of his close friend, actor Jean Marais. In 1945, Cocteau directed his adaptation of La Belle et la Bete (Beauty and the Beast). The film marked a triumphant return of Cocteau to the screen. Marais stared in the film as the Beast, Beauty's suitor, and the Prince. In the late 1940's, Cocteau adapted two of his plays to film; The Eagle with Two Heads and The Storm Within. In 1950, Cocteau directed the film Orpheus which again starred Marais. This time the theme revolves around a poet beset by artistic and romantic rivals. When his wife dies, Orpheus descends to Hell to rescue her. In Hell, Orpheus' fate is determined before a tribunal. Also in 1950, Cocteau used his artists' eye to decorate the Villa Santo Sospir in Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat and begin a series of graphic works. In 1954, on the death of his friend Collette, the novelist, Cocteau took her place in the Belgian Academy. In 1955, he was elected to the French Academy. In 1959, Cocteau made his last film as a director, The Testament of Orpheus. The elaborate home movie stars Cocteau and also features cameos from many celebrities including Pablo Picasso, Yul Brynner and Jean-Pierre Leaud. The artist died of a heart attack at age 74 at his chateau in Milly-la-Foret, France on October 11, 1963 after hearing the news of the death of another friend, the singer Edith Piaf.

 COMBAS Robert (French, b. 1957)  Bio

COMBAS Robert (French, b. 1957)

(b Lyon, 25 May 1957). French painter, draughtsman and writer. He grew up in the port of Sète. From ages nine to seventeen Combas attended weekly classes to study art. He then studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Montpellier (1975–8). He first saw a painting first-hand when he was 20. Combas’s first exhibition was in 1980 at the Galerie Errata, Montpellier. He is considered an exponent of the ‘ Figuration libre ’ that appeared in France in the early 1980s, and he was influenced by the powerful wave of German and Italian figuration of the early 1980s, which included such artists as Georg Baselitz, Jorg Immendorf, Sandro Chia and A. R. Penck. Despite Combas’s formal art education, his painting is nearly always discussed in the context of his working-class roots, his dislike of ‘high culture’ and his rise to fame and fortune. This is partly due to his irreverent attitude and the romantic myths that accompany the kind of painting he produces. During his final year at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Combas had decided to paint in the manner in which he had as a child. His belief in the power of a more direct, less technical and less sophisticated style of painting led to many of the early battle scenes for which he is renowned, for example Punks, Rockers, Skinheads, Mods, Hell’s Angels and Country Rock Fans in a Love Battle (acrylic on canvas, 1982; priv. col., see 1985 exh. cat., no. 17). In such works Combas believed that he had transformed his ‘doodling’ on endless note-pads into full-scale art. Feeling awkward with written and spoken language, he attempted to turn his writing into something that would enter ‘culture’. Many of his works include writing, in the paintings themselves and at length in titles, sometimes given in colloquial ‘street’ language, for example Le Bebête à ‘Roujeole’ veut se taper la femme au corps de belle. Un Triangle se monte une pignolle, et le ‘tueur de Folon’ fait des poèmes sur ‘tea-shirt’ comme les habits de Castelbacouine (1984; Paris, Pompidou; see FRANCE, fig. 31). Many of Combas’s figures are grotesque characters, imaginary or fictitious; others appear as village idiots or fools. Although he took a cue from such sources as Pop art, comic-strip art, television, advertising material, American graffiti art and in particular the work of Jean-Michel Basquiat, from 1985 he focused on works that turn towards more traditional themes and classical genre paintings.

 CORDA Mauro (French, b.1960)  Bio

CORDA Mauro (French, b.1960)

(Born in France in 1960) A continual dialogue between revealing space and man, not limited to his aesthetic representation - sculptures of Mauro Corda offer a visual exchange that questions the spectator insistently. Exhibitions : 1987 : Grenada Museum " Hommage to Garcia Lorca", Spain 1990 : The National Assembly Gallery, Paris 1994 : Montbard Museum 1994 : Kunsthandel Gallery, Amsterdam 1995 : Contemporary Art Fair of Padova, del Leone Gallery, Venice 1996 : Annex Gallery, Hong-Kong 1998 : Contemporary Art Fair Miami, Marion Meyer Gallery, Paris 1998 : International Art New York 1999 : Art on Paper FAIR, London, del Leone Gallery, Venice

 CORNEILLE (Belge, b.1922)  Bio

CORNEILLE (Belge, b.1922)

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

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Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections.

 CORRIDA  Bio

CORRIDA

 COTTAVOZ Andre (French,b,1922)  Bio

COTTAVOZ Andre (French,b,1922)

An established French artist, Andre Cottavoz studied at the Ã?cole des Beaux- Arts in Lyon, France. His paintings are characterized by strong light, not only natural light, but also a brightness that seems to emanate from the canvas itself. There is also a thickness to his paintings, which Cottavoz obtains by superimposing layers of images executed using a brush, palette knife, or even his fingers. His paintings form a part of museum collections in France, including the Musee National d?Art Moderne and the Musee Municipal de la Ville de Paris, as well as numerous private collections around the world.

 CRAPELET Louis-Amable (French, 1822 - 1867)  Bio

CRAPELET Louis-Amable (French, 1822 - 1867)

Louis Amable Crapelet, a French water-colour painter, born at Auxerre in 1822, studied under Corot, Durand-Brager, and Séchan. He went to Egypt in 1852, and ascended the Nile as far as the third cataract, returning to France in 1854. Many of his drawings were the result of this expedition. He died at Marseilles in 1867.

 CUEVAS José-Luis (Mexican, b.1934)  Bio

CUEVAS José-Luis (Mexican, b.1934)

(b mexico city, 26 feb 1934). mexican draughtsman, printmaker and painter. he showed early artistic talent and briefly attended the escuela nacional de pintura y escultura ‘la esmeralda’ in mexico city, which he left because he did not agree with its teaching methods; he was thus essentially self-taught. he studied graphic arts at the institución de enseñanza universitaria in mexico city c. 1948. at the galería prisse in mexico city he joined a group of young artists, including alberto gironella, enrique echeverriá, pedro coronel, manuel felguérez and francisco icaza (b 1930), who were opposed to the socialist artists favoured by the government and whose rebellion against the official mural art was instrumental in modifying the contemporary artistic panorama. cuevas conducted an aggressive polemic against david alfaro siqueiros and his more dogmatic followers, publishing the manifesto ‘la cortina de nopal’ (novedades , 1957). in 1953 he had his first exhibition at the galería prisse; its success led to its being shown the following year at the pan american union, washington, dc, and later to cuevas’s receiving worldwide exposure and recognition as a draughtsman and graphic artist. he was subsequently invited to work in various workshops worldwide, including the tamarind workshop in los angeles, ca, and poligrafa in barcelona in 1981, while in mexico he worked at the taller kyron, among others.

 CUTRONE Ronie (American b. 1948)  Bio

CUTRONE Ronie (American b. 1948)

Ronnie Cutrone (1948 - ) is a Pop artist best known for his large-scale paintings of America's favorite cartoon characters, such as Felix the Cat, Pink Panther and Woody Woodpecker. On the surface, Cutrone's paintings are the essence of pop: colorful, lively, and highly accessible. Many of them seem to be offered with the kind of wide-eyed, non-judgmental attitude one might expect from Cutrone, who was Andy Warhol's immediate assistant at the factory from 1972 until 1980, Warhol's most productive and prestigious years. During the time Cutrone worked side by side with the Pop master on paintings, prints, films, and concepts, he hit upon the style the critics called "Post-Pop." And, along with Mary Woronov and Gerard Malanga, danced onstage with the Velvet Underground and Nico as part of the Exploding Plastic Inevitable show. He showed at the Niveau Gallery in 1979 with a Scottish artist called Mike Gall who showed paintings of Snoopy, Mickey and Minnie mouse,the Pink Panther and also a small series of Peter Rabbit paintings.In this exhibition no evidence of the style the critics would call "Post-Pop" could be seen in Cutrone's work. Victor Hugo was the other artist who was featured in this three man group show which was called Three New New York Artists. In 1980, Cutrone's place was taken by Jay Shriver so that Cutrone could concentrate on his own painting. He achieved international acclaim with his very first post-Warhol show. At the same time Mike Gall died in a car crash in Scotland following the death of his father. Together with Kenny Sharf, Cutrone revived the comic strip in painting. By using established comic characters such as Woody Woodpecker and Felix the Cat, Cutrone rephrased themes of originality and authorship, and of low-brow taste and fine art which makes him directly indebted to Pop Art of early Sixties. His use of bright and fluorescent colours encouraged Andy Warhol’s return to such hues of heightened artificiality. "Everything is a cartoon for me," Ronnie Cutrone says. "The ancient manuscripts are taken very seriously but they really are cartoons." Cutrone was married 3 times. His first wife was makeup artist Gigi Williams. In 1986 he married Kelly Cutrone. His third wife was Israeli Einat Katav. Cutrone's works have been exhibited at: Whitney Museum (New York), Museum of Modern Art (New York), Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen (Rotterdam), the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles and important fine art galleries internationally.[1]

 D'FACE (British,B. 1975)  Bio

D'FACE (British,B. 1975)

"D*Face", a.k.a. Dean Stockton, grew up in London and had a childhood interest in graffiti. He credits this to Henry Chalfant's coverage of New York subway graffiti in Spraycan Art and Subway Art, later as a teenager skateboarding and in particular Thrasher magazine's coverage of skateboard deck graphics led his interest in stickers and the DIY mentality associated with skate and punk fanzines. He attended an illustration and design course and worked as a freelance illustrator/designer whilst honing his street work. Influences included Shepard Fairey's "Obey Giant" art campaign, Jim Philips, hip hop, punk music, and popular animated cartoons. He held his first major London solo exhibition, Death & Glory, at the Stolenspace gallery, which sold out in October 2006. Since then, his exhibitions have included a solo show, Eyecons, at O Contemporary in Brighton in March 2007, again a sell out show. This featured new paintings, an installation and two prints — of Kurt "Kant Complain" and Cli-Che.

 DALI Salvador (Spanish, 1904-1989)  Bio

DALI Salvador (Spanish, 1904-1989)

Salvador Dali was the 20th century's most famous surrealist artist. He may be best known as the painter of 1931's The Persistence of Memory -- the crazy landscape with the droopy clocks. In the 1920s and '30s Dali made his reputation in Europe and the U.S., influenced by the cubism of Picasso and the psychological theories of Freud. Breaking with other surrealist artists in the 1940s, Dali's later paintings were more realistic and filled with religious and scientific imagery. As the years passed Dali became famous for his flamboyant personality and looks -- in particular, for his pop-eyes and his super-waxed, turned-up moustache. Dali worked in several media, including film: He collaborated with filmmaker Luis Buñuel on the avant-garde Un Chien Andalou (1929) and L'Age d'Or (1930), and designed the dream sequence for Alfred Hitchcock's Spellbound (1945).

 DANAIEFAR Vahid (Iranian,B.1983)  Bio

DANAIEFAR Vahid (Iranian,B.1983)

Born in 1983 Tehran/ Iran 2007 B.A/ Painting/ Art & Architecture /Azad university Solo Exhibiton: 2003 Zarrabi Gallery / Tehran Group Exhibition: 2002 Iranian Contemporary Drawing / Barg Gallery / Tehran 2003 Bahman Gallery/ Tehran 2003 Iranian Contemporary Drawing / Barg Gallery / Tehran 2004 Barg Gallery/ Tehran 2005 Iranian Contemporary Drawing / Karaj 2006 Laleh Gallery/ Tehran 2007 Selection of Painter’s New Generation/ Homa Gallery / Tehran 2007 Azad Art Gallery / Tehran 2008 Expo / Sooreh University / Tehran 2008 Selection of Tehran’s Galleries / Saba Gallery/ Tehran

 David CHOE (American,b. 1976)  Bio

David CHOE (American,b. 1976)

David Choe (born 1976, Los Angeles, California) is an American painter, muralist, graffiti artist and graphic novelist of Korean descent.He achieved art world success with his "dirty style" figure paintings—raw, frenetic works which combine themes of desire, degradation, and exaltation.Outside of galleries, he is closely identified with the bucktoothed whale he has been spray-painting on the streets since he was in his teens.

 DE CHIRICO Giorgio (Italian, 1888-1978)  Bio

DE CHIRICO Giorgio (Italian, 1888-1978)

 DE KRISTO Bela (Hungarian 1920- 2006)  Bio

DE KRISTO Bela (Hungarian 1920- 2006)

Bela de Kristo was born in Hungary on the 15th of May, 1920. He studied at the Theresianum Vienna University. In 1939 he began his further studies at The Budapest School of Art. During his time as a student, Bela de Kristo was involved in many other enterprises: he designed stage settings for films, and took an active role in the first cinema club in Hungary. The Newspaper of Budapest was also publishing his cartoons at the time. After graduating, Bela De Kristo moved to Paris where he organised an exhibition of Hungarian artists in 1947. Whilst he was in Paris, his home country was occupied by the Soviet army, and consequently he decided to settle indefinitely in Paris. Whilst in Paris, Bela de Kristo regularly frequented the Academy Julian and La Grande Chaumiere. In 1948 he took part in a public exhibition at the Duncan Gallery and later in 1950 he exhibited in The Canes Exhibition at the Carlton Gallery. Four years later, in 1954 he set up a vast workshop on la Rue Vignon. His workshop became a creative hub, were one could find professionals from the press, publishing and the art world. At the time, many of de Kristo’s drawings and cartoons appeared in Paris Match, but the majority of his time was spent focusing on painting. Bela de Kristo’s work is hugely varied. Over the years he constantly renewed his mode of expression, making models, photomontages, illustrated childrens' books, cartoons and theatre stage sets. Using a rigorous cubist format, de Kristo’s work displays an additional sensitivity and a softened vision of the world. In his early period he was greatly influenced by the Russian Constructivists such as Malevich as well as Picasso’s synthetic cubist works. This combination of influences is in evidence in ‘Suprematist Composition,’ (1948). There is an ever present humour in his work, sometimes naïve in its display. De Kristo invited the viewer to consider surface beauty along with the subjective depth. He was a lover of colour. Harmonising shades and tones, he broke the lines and curves of objects and light into the multiple perspectives of cubism. Drawing from the subjects that surrounded him Bela de Kristo was inspired by the happenings of everyday life. He tried to use abstraction in a similar way to the Surrealists but it was in his cubism that he excelled. After withdrawing from the Parisian world, Bela de Kristo moved to Normandy, where he died in 2006.

 DEAN Kevin (British, b. circa 1960)  Bio

DEAN Kevin (British, b. circa 1960)

A graduate from the Royal College of Art in 1982. Kevin Dean has illustrated numerous publications, designed textiles, murals and decorations for architecture. His keen interest in the environment, flora and fauna is reflected in much of his work. Two children's books illustrated with Prof. John Norris Wood, Jungles and Rivers & Lakes, from the Nature Hide & Seek series have sold over a Million copies worldwide. Working with Fantini Mosaici of Milan, Kevin has created a unique floral design for the marble floor of the 18,000 sq m Sahan or courtyard in The Grand Mosque Abu Dhabi. He also designed other large floors and archways within the mosque in collaboration with the international architects Spatium, Milan. The Grand Mosque opened in March 2008. In May 2008 Kevin showed his first collection of wallpapers at The International Contemporary Furniture Fair, New York. The English Roses collection of wallpapers is traditional/classic but the scale of the designs, the colours and materials used give the collection a very contemporary look. The collection was very well received by the design industry and Kevin has added some exclusive textiles and tableware to the range. An experienced teacher and lecturer, Kevin has taught at The Royal College of Art, The Eden Project and in schools and colleges around the UK. He has lectured at The V&A and The Dulwich Picture Gallery. Kevin lives on the south coast of England with his wife, 3 lively sons and a large collection of plants.

 DEESSE  Bio

DEESSE

GERMEN BORN IN 1954.

 DEFRUC Maïte (Spanish, b.1947)  Bio

DEFRUC Maïte (Spanish, b.1947)

Maite Defruc, is born in Cartagena in 1947. The drawing the mark from its childhood discovering in its youth its true vocation, the sculpture. It is a meticulous sculpture that knows simultaneously to obtain the maximum benefit of the bronze investigating in the volumes and textures obtaining forms with great force and gentleness. It initiates its artistic formation attending the School of Applied Arts and Artistic Offices of Murcia. It studies diverse techniques in Madrid: it carves in stone with Pedro Panadero and Fundición in Nacho Study of Art. In 1975 it mounts its Narrow Well factory, in which it personally makes all the process that entails its work using the oldest techniques of smelting to the “Lost Wax”. Later in continuous Paris the study of the small sculpture in jewelry shop, making at the moment from these small pieces to monumental works as it can be the Monument to the Spanish Constitution of 7 meters of height, the Broken Christ for the Monastery of Verdun (Ossuaire of DOUAUMONT) in France with 2,20 meters of height, the Monument to the Radio ham in Cartagena with 8 meters, Donors of blood in Murcia, 5º Centennial the Palm, CARTAGENA, etc…

 DERAKHSHANI Lili(Iran)  Bio

DERAKHSHANI Lili(Iran)

 DESSERPRIT Roger (French,1923-1985)  Bio

DESSERPRIT Roger (French,1923-1985)

Roger Desserprit was born on 9 March 1923 in Buxy, Saône et Loire (France). From a very early age he is thoroughly interested in drawing and painting. He starts studying painting in 1938 and integrates the prestigious Ecole des Beauxarts in Paris in 1941, at the age of 18. However, the overwhelmingly classic teaching of the Ecole does not suit the artist.When he later mentioned his years of learning (1941-1943) at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts of Paris, he evokes the Michelangelo plasters that were representing the modernity while the majority of assignments were studies of antiques figures. His discovery of the movements of the late 19th century and the early 20th century is essentially through his readings (Van Gogh, Gauguin) and by his visits to art galleries in the “Quartier latin” that were exhibiting the works of Derain, Vlaminck and so forth. From 1943, he will often be constrained to travel sanatoria where he will paint his hands in a way formally close to cubism. Three years of illness will lead him to consider as urgent the encounter with other artists to find “authenticity at an age when confrontations and critics are obligatory and necessary”.

 DOLOVACKI Vasilije - (Serbian,B.1960)  Bio

DOLOVACKI Vasilije - (Serbian,B.1960)

 Dr Evil Revolt (American)  Bio

Dr Evil Revolt (American)

Born and raised in New York City, with graffiti roots in the early 70’s, REVOLT is an original member of the historic NYC subway graffiti crew, The Rolling Thunder Writers (RTW). Known for his ultra-colorful tags and elaborate pieces on the Broadway #1 line, with heavily influenced psychedelic and comic art stylings, and later, taking it “all-city”. With contributions to the seminal classic hip-hop films, “Wild Style and “Style Wars”, his participation in the 80’s East Village art gallery scene, various music videos and, album covers, animation, comics, vinyl toy design, and creating the classic “YO! MTV Raps’ logo.

 DUBUFFET Jean (French, 1901-1985)  Bio

DUBUFFET Jean (French, 1901-1985)

Jean Dubuffet was already interested in fine arts, when he was still at school, so that when he traveled to Paris in 1918 he decided to become a painter. At first Dubuffet attended painting courses at the 'Académie Julian' for six months before he gave up his studies. After his military service and a trip to Italy, Dubuffet returned to Le Havre in 1925, where he initially worked as a wine merchant. When Dubuffet returned to painting in 1933, this was once again only temporary. In 1942 he decided once an for all, to dedicate his entire attention to art. The realisation of his own dream as real life instead of conforming with society in a 'cultural' order turned Dubuffet in a consistant loner. Dubuffet's readyness to take risks, his openness and great intelligence were reflected in his great versatility: He continuously abandoned achievements to produce something new. The artist's oeuvre ranges from archetypical figures of the 1940s to unrestrained outbursts of gestural brushstrokes in his last paintings. His versatile contents find their formal counterpart in the useage and combination of various materials. Even before his death in 1985, Jean Dubuffet's work was honored with a retrospective in Paris, Hanover and Zurich and numerous international exhibitions.

 DUFY Jean (French,1888-1964)  Bio

DUFY Jean (French,1888-1964)

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.<br><br> There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum.<br><br> Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections.

 DUFY Raoul (French,1877-1953)  Bio

DUFY Raoul (French,1877-1953)

Raoul Dufy was born into a large family at Le Havre, in Normandy. He left school at the age of fourteen to work in a coffee-importing company. In 1895, when he was 18, he started taking evening classes in art at Le Havre's École d'Art (municipal art school). The classes were taught by Charles Lhuillier, who had been, forty years earlier, a student of the remarkable French portrait-painter, Ingres. There, Dufy met Raymond Lecourt and Othon Friesz with whom he later shared a studio in Montmartre and to whom he remained a lifelong friend. During this period, Dufy painted mostly Norman landscapes in watercolors. In 1900, after a year of military service, Dufy won a scholarship to the Ecole Nationale Superieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where again he crossed paths with Othon Friesz. (He was there when Georges Braque also was studying.) He concentrated on improving his drawing skills. The impressionist landscape painters, such as Claude Monet and Camille Pissarro, influenced Dufy profoundly. His first exhibition (at the Exhibition of French Artists) took place in 1901. Introduced to Berthe Weill in 1902, Dufy showed his work in her gallery. Then he exhibited again in 1903 at the Salon des Independants. A boost to his confidence: the painter, Maurice Denis, bought one of his paintings. Dufy continued to paint, often in the vicinity of Le Havre, and, in particular, on the beach at Sainte-Adresse, made famous by Eugene Boudin and Claude Monet. In 1904, with his friend, Albert Marquet, he worked in Fecamp on the English Channel (La Manche). Raoul Dufy, Regatta at Cowes, (1934), Washington D.C. National Gallery of Art. Henri Matisse's Luxe, Calme et Volupté, which Dufy saw at the Salon des Indépendants in 1905, was a revelation to the young artist, and it directed his interests towards Fauvism. Les Fauves (the wild beasts) emphasized bright color and bold contours in their work. Dufy&#65533;s painting reflected this aesthetic until about 1909, when contact with the work of Paul Cézanne led him to adopt a somewhat subtler technique. It was not until 1920, however, after he had flirted briefly with yet another style, cubism, that Dufy developed his own distinctive approach. It involved skeletal structures, arranged with foreshortened perspective, and the use of thin washes of color applied quickly, in a manner that came to be known as stenographic. Dufy's cheerful oils and watercolors depict events of the time period, including yachting scenes, sparkling views of the French Riviera, chic parties, and musical events. The optimistic, fashionably decorative, and illustrative nature of much of his work has meant that his output has been less highly-valued critically than the works of artists who have addressed a wider range of social concerns. Dufy completed one of the largest paintings ever contemplated, a huge and immensely popular ode to electricity, the fresco La Fée Electricité for the 1937 Exposition Internationale in Paris. Dufy also acquired a reputation as an illustrator and as a commercial artist. He changed the face of local fashion and fabric design with his work for Paul Poiret. He painted murals for public buildings; he also produced a huge number of tapestries and ceramic designs. His plates appear in books by Guillaume Apollinaire, Stéphane Mallarmé, and André Gide. In the late 1940s and early 1950s Dufy exhibited at the annual Salon des Tuileries in Paris. Dufy died at Forcalquier, France, on 23 March 1953, and he was buried near Matisse in the Cimiez Monastery Cemetery in Cimiez, a suburb of the city of Nice.

 DVATZ Timur (Russian, b. 1968)  Bio

DVATZ Timur (Russian, b. 1968)

DVATZ Timur 1968 Born in Moscow, Russia 1983-87 Republican College of Art, Tashkent 1993-96 Post-Graduate Royal Academy Schools, London Awarded Jack Goldhill and Sir James Walker Scholarships EXHIBITIONS 2006 Cadogan Contemporary, One-man Exhibition, London 2006 Opera Gallery, Paris 2004 Cadogan Contemporary, One-man Exhibition, London 2002 Cadogan Contemporary, One-man Exhibition, London 2002 Aberdeen Art Gallery 2002 BP Portrait Award 2002, National Portrait Gallery, London 2002 Modigliani Centre, Florence 2001 Bruton Street Gallery, London 2000 Cadogan Contemporary, One-man Exhibition, London 1997 Kouros Gallery, New York Five students show from the Royal Academy of Arts 1996 Degree Show Royal Academy of Arts Awarded A. T. Kearney Prize 1995 Royal Academy of Arts Summer Exhibition, London 1994 Cadogan Contemporary, London 1994 “3+3” Exhibition, Bruton Street Gallery, London 1994 Royal Academy of Arts Summer Exhibition, London Awarded Guinness Prize for “The First Time Exhibitor” 1994 Cricket Hill Associates, New York 1993 Cadogan Contemporary, London 1992 Cadogan Contemporary, London

 ECOLE CONTEMPORAINE  Bio

ECOLE CONTEMPORAINE

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.<br><br> There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum.<br><br> Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections."

 EELUS (British,b. 1979)  Bio

EELUS (British,b. 1979)

 ERBIL Devrim (Turkish, b.1937)  Bio

ERBIL Devrim (Turkish, b.1937)

 ERRO (Icelander, b.1932)  Bio

ERRO (Icelander, b.1932)

Of his true name Gudmundur Gudmundsson Born to Olafsvik in Iceland July 19 1932 Screws and works to Paris, in Thailande and in Spain Admitted to the school of the fine arts of Reykjavík in September 1949, it obtains the diploma of professor of art in the spring 1951. In 1952, it goes in Norway where it studies the engraving, the fresco and the paint to the academy to Oslo. His first personal exposition takes place in 1955 to Florence, galleria Santa Trinità. In 1958, it sets up himself to Paris where his work is revealed in the framework of the narrative Extras. During its trips through the entire world, Erró collects pictures (advertisings, current photos, comic strips, post, political documents) that are his inspiration source. It chooses them, the assembly, the accumulates according to his good pleasure &#65533; always with humor, sometimes with anguish and violence &#65533; on the canvass to form pictures that are as much to read that to see. The paint is an experimentation place, where it can do the old one with of the nine. She is the private form of utopia, the pleasure to contradict, the happiness to be alone against all, the joy to provoke. It reveals and denounces the aberrations of our corporation: directed consumption, eroticism mercantile, revolutions, existence Americanization&#65533; In certain of its compositions, it skillfully inserts personages of canvass of Ingres, Delacroix, Light or Picasso, which these rediscover themselves cohabitating with stars of the movie, politicians or heroes of comic strips. Often, it works by series: cycles More chinese, more political, more erotic. In June 2001, the Collection Erró of the museum of the City of Reykjavík is presented to the public in his new framework to Hafnbarhúsid to the favor of a big retrospective one. Of very numerous expositions are devoted to his work so in France that abroad. Several retrospective ones were dedicated for him: in 1985 to the museum of modern art of the City of Paris and in 1999 to the national gallery of the Game of Palm. In 2005, the Museum of modern and contemporary art of Caliper of Majorca as well as the Mannheimer Kunstverein present a retrospective exposition (1958- 2004) then the IVAM to Valence and the Alcalá 31 to Madrid in 2006. It there denounces again and always the aberrations of our corporation: directed consumption, eroticism mercantile, revolutions, existence Americanization. "Talking about the events day-to-day, I try to indicate a moment, of a state fugitive of the corporation, before the facts do not disappear by collective amnesia. The narrative extras, to my eyes, must proceed by picture galaxies, without moral or political judgement. Sometimes, the craving is strong to compose from ample spaces, stuffed with information, where there would be even an entire city&#65533; The paint is a trip type through the forms, the spaces, the styles, and not the defense of a precise territory.

 FAILE (American/Canadian, founded 1999)  Bio

FAILE (American/Canadian, founded 1999)

FAILE (Pronounced "fail") is a Brooklyn-based artistic collaboration between Patrick McNeil (b. 1975, Edmonton, CA) and Patrick Miller (b. 1976, Minneapolis, MN). Since its inception in 1999, FAILE has attained global recognition for their pioneering use of wheat pasting and stenciling in the increasingly established arena of street art, and for their explorations of duality through a fragmented style of appropriation and collage. During this time, FAILE adapted its signature mass culture-driven iconography to a wide array of media, from wooden boxes and window pallets to more traditional canvas, prints, sculptures, stencils, multimedia installation, and prayer wheels. While FAILE's work is constructed from found visual imagery, and blurs the line between “high” and “low” culture, recent exhibitions demonstrate a sustained emphasis on audience participation, a sharpened critique of consumerism, and the incorporation of religious media and architecture into their work.

 FAINE Brad(British,b.1945)  Bio

FAINE Brad(British,b.1945)

Brad Faine’s recent limited editions combine layers of letters numbers and images in a chequerboard format to create a composition packed with information that challenges the viewer to unlock the messages within the different layers of the work. Brad Faine's early studies centred on an interest in conceptual art and later developed towards a concentration on colour field painting. His interest in printmaking was motivated by a desire to make multiple flat colour images for which screen process printing was ideally suited. He found the hard edge image too restricting and for this reason he developed a form of continuous tone printing within the limitations of the medium. He started Coriander Studio in 1972 to make limited edition silkscreen prints, and worked with Henri Chopin who introduced him to a large number of artists including Tom Phillips, Patrick Hughes and William Burrows. In 1984 Brad was responsible with Peter Blake, Graham Bannister and Gordon House for originating and publishing ‘The Band Aid’ print, which involved organising 104 artists to produce an edition of 500 prints, the proceeds of which went to the Band Aid trust. Brad also continues to work as a painter and printmaker in his own right; he has works in many private and public collections in the UK, the USA and the Middle East, and has been in mixed shows in London, New York, Dubai and Tokyo. Born in 1945 in Brighton Brad Faine studied painting and printmaking at Leicester College of Art and at Goldsmiths College. While at Leicester he developed the first truly playable 3d Chess set which was later exhibited at the ‘Invention of Problems’ Exhibition at the ICA. He then taught printmaking part-time at Farnham College of Art and St. Martin's School of Art as well as lecturing at numerous colleges.

 FAIREY Shepard (American b.1970)  Bio

FAIREY Shepard (American b.1970)

Shepard Fairey was born February 15, 1970 in Charleston, South Carolina. At age 14 Shepard Fairey started getting interested in street art, putting his drawings on skateboards and t-shirts. He decided to continue in the arts and eventually received the title of Bachelor of Fine Arts in Illustration from the Rhode Island School of Design in 1992. Shepard Fairey first received huge attention with his "André the Giant has a Posse" sticker campaign in 1989 when he was still attending the Rhode Island School of Design. Later on he started building his own brand name called the "Obey Giant" which today is still the title of his website. His degree in illustration led Shepard to a career in graphic design. He founded Alternate Graphics, a small printing business that specialized in t-shirt and sticker silkscreens. At the same time he kept up with the urban scene by being a DJ in several night clubs under the name DJ Diabetic. In 1994 filmmaker Helen Stickler, a friend of Shepard Fairey, created a short documentary on Shepard and his work. The film which was called "Andre the Giant has a Posse" premieren at the New York Underground Film Festival in 1995 and went on to play at more than 70 museums and festivals worldwide. It was in 2008 that Shepard Fairey gained fame with the large public when he created, illegitimately, the Obama Hope poster in red and blue colors. While this was not official promotion, Shepard Fairey claims that the Obama campaign did contact him to change the word PROGRESS, which was originally on the poster, to the word HOPE. Whilst they could not officially acknowledge the poster even there the campaign officials tries to make the most out of every initiative. Since then everything has gone steep uphill for Fairey. He now displays in many museums of contemporary art and sells out his limited edition prints within minutes.

 FALLAH Asal (Iranian, b. 1983)  Bio

FALLAH Asal (Iranian, b. 1983)

Pro Art Gallery is excited to introduce the works of talented upcoming artist Asal Fallah (born in 1983 ) exhibiting for the first time out of her native country and exclusively with Pro Art. Asal Fallah will show a selection of her most important drawings from her "My World"; collection, a body of over 200 works spanning a 10 year period, that have been created in different dimensions on white cardboard and with the help of a simple black pen. The collection is a representation of the artist's mental ambience that travels from life's realities to the world of dreams and imagination. The artist evokes a simple and dark style taking the observer on a haunting yet strangely beautiful metaphysical journey.

 FANI Alireza (Iranian, b. 1975)  Bio

FANI Alireza (Iranian, b. 1975)

Alireza fani was born 1975 in Tehran, Iran.he studied Graphic Design Diploma in Azad University, Tehran-Iran in 2000.He works as a Photographer and Art Director & Graphic Designer in Tehran now. Group Exhibition: 2001- &#65533;The 7th biennial of Graphic Design&#65533;, Tehran-Iran 2003- Winner of the best professional design in &#65533; Anti SARS Int&#65533;l Poster Contest&#65533; China 2004- Group photo exhibition, Assar Art Gallery , Tehran &#65533; Iran 2004- 1st Poster Exhibition of &#65533;Passage Art Group&#65533; Tehran &#65533; Iran 2004- &#65533;1st Int&#65533;l Poster biennial of Islam world&#65533;, won the 1st prize in Palestine section, Tehran-Iran 2005- The 1st photo exhibition of Iranian advertising & Industrial photographers society, Tehran-Iran 2005- The &#65533;Europe Today for Tomorrow international poster contest&#65533; Zagreb-Croatia 2006- &#65533;The 9th International Tehran Poster biennial&#65533;, Tehran-Iran 2007- The first photo exhibition (Art and Nature), Niavaran cultural center, Tehran 2008- Fadjr Theater Festival (25 years of theater poster design), Tehran-Iran 2008- 21st International Warsaw poster biennial, Warsaw- Poland 2009- LIFE "Art exhibition in benefit of Cancer Research UK.", Opera Gallery , London-UK 2009- Insight to Iranian Art, Opera Gallery, London-UK 2010-Made in Iran, Opera Gallery, Dubai, UAE 2010- 1st Invitational Biennial Photography Group Show, Skotia Gallery, New Mexico, USA 2010- Abu Dhabi Art fair, UAE 2011- The international Los Angeles Photographic Art exposition, USA 2011-Oriental Inspiration, Opera Gallery, Dubai,UAE 2011- 1st Modern & Contemporary Visual Art Auctionin aid of cancer patient of Behnam Daheshpour charity Organization, Shirin Art Gallery, Tehran-Iran Solo Exhibition: 2007- In Search of the concept (Photo Exhibition), Khak Gallery , Tehran-Iran 2007- Maryam Harandi Gallery, Tehra- iran 2008- Private Show by Maryam Fasihi Harandi, Tehran Iran 2009- In search of illusion (Photo exhibition), Etemad Gallery, Tehran, Iran 2011- a memorial for today, Khak Gallery, Tehran Iran

 FARHADI Hamezeh (Iranian)  Bio

FARHADI Hamezeh (Iranian)

 FASIH Hosein (Iranian, b.1977)  Bio

FASIH Hosein (Iranian, b.1977)

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

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 FEKRY Amr (Egyptian,b 1978)  Bio

FEKRY Amr (Egyptian,b 1978)

Amr Fekry is an egyptian contemporary artist, born and based in egypt. He studied fine arts, cinema and practices a vast rang of photography and printing techniques. Living on a simple roof top the way his ancestries lived thousands of years ago, Amr Fekry practices what he preaches, which is fusion between ancient worlds, mysticism and current day life. He has a rare appreciation of the old and t...ries to revive its forgotten secrets. Using his cultrural roots Islam, Sufism and ancient egyptian culture as a spring board of exploration in the ocean of the contemporary world. Through his sufi and ancient mythology readings, personal meetings with sufi masters and on sight exploration, he is able to absorb a deep visual and philosophical understanding of the ancient world. Through his photographs and video installations, he reflects what he absorbs along with who he is as a contemporary egyptian man. Seeking the spiritual path in every journey he partakes to reflect on daily scenes on life in Egypt. Amr Fekry is a traditional and nontraditional artist who hopes to connects todays human race with the beauties he has been able to discover in the ancient world, hoping to share the experience with them and shade light on places that become dark in people's heart. Reassuring the qualities that are unseen except through the eyes of the seeker.

 FERRAN Michele (French,1943 - 2003)  Bio

FERRAN Michele (French,1943 - 2003)

 FERRER Guy (French, b.1955)  Bio

FERRER Guy (French, b.1955)

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 FOROUZANDEH Mohamad (Iran)  Bio

FOROUZANDEH Mohamad (Iran)

 FRENCH SCHOOL, (20th Century)  Bio

FRENCH SCHOOL, (20th Century)

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.<br><br> There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum.<br><br> Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections.

 FRIEDEBERG Pedro (American/Mexican,b.1937)  Bio

FRIEDEBERG Pedro (American/Mexican,b.1937)

(b Florence, 11 Jan 1937). Mexican painter. The son of German Jewish parents, he arrived in Mexico at the age of three. Having shown an early inclination for drawing and reading, he studied architecture at the Universidad Iberoamericana, where he was profoundly influenced by the teaching of Mathías Goeritz. Although his paintings, filled to overflowing with surprise, were sometimes described as examples of Surrealism or fantastic realism, they are not easily definable in terms of conventional categories. He used architectural drawing as the medium through which he created unusual compositions in series such as Pure and Impure Architecture ; Animals, People, Idiots, Philosophers ; Sublime Perspectives ; and Unclassifiable Lucubrations . Friedeberg also designed furniture and useless objects, admitting that his artistic activity was rooted in boredom. This sense of irony and surfeit imparted to his pictures, through the hallucinatory repetition of elements, an asphyxiating formal disorder. e undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections.

 FROST Sir Terry Frost (British, 1915 -2003)  Bio

FROST Sir Terry Frost (British, 1915 -2003)

Sir Terry Frost RA (born Terence Ernest Manitou Frost) (13 October 1915 – 1 September 2003) was an English artist noted for his abstracts. Born in Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, England, in 1915, he did not become an artist until he was in his 30s. During his army service in World War II, he met and was taught by Adrian Heath while a prisoner of war. Subsequently, he attended Camberwell School of Art and the St. Ives School of Art. In 1951, he worked as an assistant to the sculptor Barbara Hepworth. His career included teaching at the Bath Academy of Art, serving as Gregory Fellow at the University of Leeds, and teaching at the Cyprus College of Art. Later he became the artist in residence and Professor of Painting at the Department of Fine Art of the University of Reading. In 1992, he was elected a Royal Academician and he was knighted in 1998. He married Kathleen Clarke in 1945. They had five sons and one daughter. One of his sons, Anthony also became an artist. A second, Stephen is a comedian.

 GALL Francois (French, 1912-1987)  Bio

GALL Francois (French, 1912-1987)

 GANG Zhou (Chinese,b.1958)  Bio

GANG Zhou (Chinese,b.1958)

 GASPARYAN Hayk(Armenian)  Bio

GASPARYAN Hayk(Armenian)

 GERMEN Murat (Turkish, b. 1965)  Bio

GERMEN Murat (Turkish, b. 1965)

Murat Germen is an artist using photography as an expression / research tool. He has an MArch degree from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he went as a Fulbright scholar and received AIA Henry Adams Gold Medal for academic excellence. Works as a professor of art, photography and new media at Sabanci University in Istanbul. Has submitted work for distinguished institutions such as; Istanbul Modern, Young & Rubicam, McCann Erickson, The Designory, Norman Foster & Partners, DDB, Rafineri, Swissôtel, Boyner, Aga Khan Awards, Siemens, Koc Holding, Yapi Kredi Culture & Art Publishers, Istanbul Foundation for Culture & Arts, Economic & Social History Foundation of Turkey, etc. Having many articles / photo series published on architecture / photography / art / new media at various magazines / books; he has been accepted to several symposia / conferences like SIGGRAPH, ISEA, Mutamorphosis, Towards a Science of Consciousness, CAe, CAC2, EVA-London, eCAADe, ASCAAD to lecture on pertinent topics. Has opened over forty inter/national (Turkey, USA, Italy, Germany, UK, Mexico, Portugal, Uzbekistan, Greece, Japan, Russia, Iran, India, France, Canada, Bahrain) exhibitions. The artist and his artistic work is represented by C.A.M. Gallery in Turkey and ARTITLED! in the Netherlands / Belgium. More than 40 editions of the artist’s several artworks are in personal collections of eminent art collectors in Turkey, in addition to a few that are in Istanbul Modern’s and Proje4L Elgiz Museum of Contemporary Art (Istanbul) collections. Some of artist’s works are sold at Sotheby's, Christie's and national auctions

 GHOSH Dipak (Indian, b.1976)  Bio

GHOSH Dipak (Indian, b.1976)

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum.

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 GIACOMETTI Alberto (Swiss,1901 - 1966)  Bio

GIACOMETTI Alberto (Swiss,1901 - 1966)

Alberto Giacometti was born son of the neo-impressionist painter Giovanni Giacometti in the Swiss town of Borgonovo on October 10, 1901. He begins his art studies at the École des Beaux-Arts and the École des Arts Industriels in Geneva in 1919. Three years later he goes to Paris, where he attends the sculpting class of Antoine Bourdelle at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière until 1925. He starts his first studio together with his brother in Paris in 1925. His sculpting style becomes more lavish and spacious, following the post-cubist sculptures of, for example, Jacques Lipchitz and Constantin Brancusi. As of 1925 he finds inspiration in plastic art of primitive people, as can be observed on the torso from 1925. He executes the "Plates" as of 1926 - flat figures in form of thin slices, for instance the work Femme-cuiller from 1926-27, with an almost smooth and even surface, he also uses gypsum and marble for these objects that call the attention of the Paris circle of surrealists. He joins them for some time, also showing works in their exhibitions, until they break up in 1934. During this period he makes a lot of surrealist plastics and also drawings. In the second half of the 1930s Alberto Giacometti works a lot on studies of heads. His figures get smaller and smaller in size, sometimes they are not bigger than just a few centimeters, but painting remains a just as important means of artistic expression for him. He and his brother Diego earn a living by making designs for lamps and furniture for the Parisian interior architect Jean-Michel Frank. Alberto Giacometti spends the war years from 1939 to 1945 in Geneva. After the war he returns to Paris where he starts to create bronze objects that are thin and elongated, almost appearing as if they were without weight and inertia, their meager impression is increased by the contrast with the rather compact bases that Giacometti places them on. Alberto Giacometti finds his own unmistakable style, giving his figures a maximum in expression by reducing and densifying them. The relation between figure and space becomes the central issue of his artistic work. His first one-man show takes places at the Pierre Matisse Gallery in New York in 1948, in which he presents the skinny figures. The exhibition is a major success and marks his breakthrough. The series of 150 lithographs titled "Paris sans fin" is made from 1958 to 1965. His oeuvre of paintings comprises numerous portraits of his brother, his wife and friends, but also still lifes, landscapes and studio pictures. Just as with his sculptures, the predominant theme of his paintings is the relation between the slim object and space. Alberto Giacometti dies in Chur on January 11, 1966.

 GIACOMETTI Diego (Swiss, 1902-1985)  Bio

GIACOMETTI Diego (Swiss, 1902-1985)

"Alberto praised his brother's works exorbitantly, took visitors to Diego's workshop to admire the latest fruits of his work together with them. While doing this, he kept saying "Diego has more than enough talent, oh yes, more than enough!" (James Lord) Diego Giacometti was born on November 15, 1902 into a famous family of artists from the Bergell valley in the Italian-speaking part of Switzerland, as the son of painter Giovanni Giacometti and brother of the sculptor Alberto Giacometti. Diego attended schools in Stampa, Schiers, St. Gallen and Basel. Initially the artist completed an apprenticeship as a salesman, before moving to Paris in 1925, where he became his brother Alberto's consultant and companion. Diego Giacometti was his brothers closest staff member, setting up support structures for Alberto's fragile statues, making plaster casts and patinating all his bronze sculptures. Until his brother died, he sat for him as a model every day. From 1939 to 1945 Diego Giacometti began to create his own sculptural works. From 1950 Diego Giacometti increasingly created furniture and objects, mostly made to order for interior designers, art collectors and gallery owners. In 1966 after his brother's death Diego Giacometti focused entirely on his own works. He is estimated to have created between 4000 and 5000 objects and sculptures, most of which he sold to friends and acquaintances during his life time. Giacometti's last major commission made him famous among large parts of the public. The artist designed the interior of the Picasso Museum in Paris, which was inaugurated in September 1985. Diego designed the furniture, the stairrails, door fittings and the ceiling lamps. Diego Giacometti, who died on July 15, 1985 in Paris, did not live to see the museum's inauguration ceremony. Having spent 40 years of his life in his brother's shadow as the "other Giacometti", Diego Giacometti is now highly respected and regarded as an independent artist.

 GOUD Laxma (Indian, b.1940)  Bio

GOUD Laxma (Indian, b.1940)

Laxma Goud, a master draftsman, displays his versatility over a range of mediums, from etching, gouache and pastels, to glass paintings. Over the years he is known to have moved from one medium to another with elan. A student at the Government School of Art and Architecture Hyderabad, he graduated with a diploma in drawing and painting in 1963.Goud has had several solo shows and has participated in group shows. His paintings are in the permanent collections of NGMA .

 GOZONAR Alev (Turkish)  Bio

GOZONAR Alev (Turkish)

 GRAPHITO Speedy (French)  Bio

GRAPHITO Speedy (French)

The artist Speedy Graphito (Olivier Rizzo) was born 1961, in France. He Lives and works in Paris. He is widely regarded as the bridge between free-form and french street art during the 80’s. Graphito’s graffiti, done in stencil or brush, represents dynamic and schematic characters(Zulu Warriors) and is close in style to artists such as American Keith Haring. His most famous works consist of little red devils commercialized on post cards. A strong influence in his works stems from computer games such as Tetris.

 GRIGORJEFF Boris (Russian, 1886-1939)  Bio

GRIGORJEFF Boris (Russian, 1886-1939)

Boris Grigoriev was a Russian painter and graphic artist. Grigoriev was born in Rybinsk and studied at the Stroganov Art School from 1903 to 1907. Grigoriev went on to study at the Imperial Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg under Aleksandr Kiselyov, Dmitry Kardovsky and Abram Arkhipov from 1907 to 1912. He began exhibiting his work in 1909 as a member of Union of Impressionists group, and became a member of the World of Art movement in 1913.

 GUANGYI Wang (Chinese,B.1957)  Bio

GUANGYI Wang (Chinese,B.1957)

Wang Guangyi (1956/7 &#65533; ), is a Chinese artist known for being the leader of the New Art Movement circles that erupted out of China after 1989 and for his Great Criticism series of paintings, using the images of propaganda from the Cultural Revolution (1966&#65533;1976) and contemporary brand names from western advertising. As an example, Artinfo notes that one of Wang Guangyis&#65533;s Great Criticism paintings &#65533;responds to the recent influx of advertising by juxtaposing the Coca-Cola logo with an image of a Chinese soldier, appropriating the visual iconography of both the Chinese Cultural Revolution and American pop art.&#65533;[1] Alongside Yue Minjun, Zeng Fanzhi and Fang Lijun, Wang Guangyi is amongst China's most successful new artists. His massive Mao AO painting from 1988 was sold for £2,036,000 ($4.1 million) at a Phillips de Pury & Company auction in London in December 2007.&#65533;[2] Wang Guangyi was born in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province in 1956 or 1957. In 1984 Wang Guangyi graduated from the oil painting department of Zhejiang Academy of Fine Arts. He currently lives and works in Beijing, China.

 GUIRAGOSSIAN Emmanuel (Lebanon, b. 1954)  Bio

GUIRAGOSSIAN Emmanuel (Lebanon, b. 1954)

Born in 1954, Emmanuel P. Guiragossian is a Lebanese-German artist (painter, sculptor, graphic artist) of Armenian descent. He is the eldest son of renowned artist Paul Guiragossian and belongs to the 6th generation of artists in his family of musicians, iconographists and painters. As a child Emmanuel’s paternal grandmother Rahel didn’t tell him stories like „The Little Red Riding Hood“ or children’s fairytale stories. Instead, this woman who had lived through the Armenian Genocide, several civil wars and two World Wars, told him about her own experience. This affected Emmanuel’s perception of life and as a consequence his work was early on overtly dramatic. At the young age of 12, during the absence of his father who was on an exhibition trip abroad, young Emmanuel painted his self-portrait in oil on canvas and substituted it to his father’s in the family room. Upon his return Paul realized that his son had become the man of the house in his absence and said: “My son has become an artist”. From then on, Emmanuel spent his time in his father’s studio and became a serious apprentice of one of the pioneers of contemporary art in the Middle East. At 15, Emmanuel worked with the famous photographer Souren in his studio and later on started working as a creative designer and concept artist in an advertising company and won several prizes, among them the Poster Prize of Bank of Canada. His talents didn’t go unnoticed and earned him an admission to the Académie des Beaux-Arts de Paris in 1972 followed by more advanced courses at the Michelangelo Academy in Florence in 1973. In 1974, Emmanuel obtained a scholarship and attended the Hochshüle fur Bildende Kunst in Dresden-Germany under professors Gerhard Kettner, Siegfried Klotz and Juan Leon.There, he built close friendships with several renowned contemporary artists such as A.R.Penk and worked with them. Emmanuel specialized in Artistic Anatomy and graduated with honours in 1979. By the fall of that year, he returned to Lebanon where he became a professor at the Academie Libanaise de Beaux Arts (ALBA) and the American University of Beirut until 1984. At the same time, Emmanuel began working closely with his father, taking on the task of organizing the art shows, archiving the works and, most importantly, he founded his publishing house EMMAGOSS which published the first book ever made on Paul Guiragossian’s works in 1983. From then on Emmanuel actively worked on several solo exhibitions around the world while residing between Beirut, Germany, Canada and Jordan and published several books including the biography of Palestinian-Jordanian banker and founder of the Arab Bank Khaled Shoman as well as a book on the art of his wife Soha Shoman. Later on he also published books on other artists such as Iranian-American artist Marcus Grigorian and poet Peggy Abi-Jaber among others. He also took on consulting with several major foundations in their projects such as the “Darat Al Funoon” museum in Amman, Jordan and became the artistic consultant to the project of rebuilding Down Town Beirut with Solidere. In 1991, Emmanuel founded the Emmagoss Art gallery in Beirut which quickly became one of the most prestigious art galleries in the Middle East by holding some of the biggest artists’ exhibitions from around the world and even collaborating with international museums such as the Spanish Museum of Marbella which brought the exhibition “De Picasso à nos Jours” to Emmagoss in 1995. Emmanuel’s target eventually was to begin founding the first contemporary art museum in Lebanon, which also was a dream of this father Paul. And in 2004 The Paul Guiragossian Contemporary Art Museum was built in the suburbs of Beirut. Currently Emmanuel is based in Lebanon and Germany and has founded a second art gallery Emmagoss in Dresden in 2007 where he exhibits works of contemporary German artists such as A.R. Penk, Marcus Lüpertz and others including his own.

 GUIRAGOSSIAN Paul (Armenian, 1926 - 1993)  Bio

GUIRAGOSSIAN Paul (Armenian, 1926 - 1993)

Paul Guiragossian, the famous Armenian painter was born in Jerusalem in 1926 and settled in Beirut with his family in 1939 becoming a Lebanese citizen. He started to paint in 1942 at the Yarkon Studio. In 1957, he received a scholarship to study at the Academy of Fine Arts in Florence. In 1961-1962, he spent a year studying and painting in Paris. The rest of his life was spent living and painting in Beirut. In his lifetime, Guiragossian became Lebanon's most celebrated painter, a renown he retains to this day. Upon his death in 1993, Guiragossian received a state funeral. Guiragossian had a foreboding sense of tragedy from his earliest years. Some of his early paintings were haunted by a figure who had lost one leg, a prophecy of his own misfortune, when in the early 1970s he lost a leg in an elevator accident. Paul Guiragossian was consumed by his art and paid little attention to anything but his family and his painting. His mature works express the complexities of the human condition through renderings of vertical, elongated, purged bodies, both static and in motion, painted with thick layers of often luminous colors.[original research?] His paintings are always serious in feeling. He also created frescoes, mosaics, stained glass windows, sculptures, and illustrations for books.

 HÖCH Hannah (German 1889-1979)  Bio

HÖCH Hannah (German 1889-1979)

Hannah Höch began studying at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Berlin in 1912. She met Raoul Hausmann in 1915 during the First World War and they became close friends. She then continued her studies under Emil Orlik, concentrating on collage techniques. When Hausmann announced the beginning of the Dada movement in 1917, Höch was the only woman among the Dadaists in Berlin. Among her colleagues were Baader, Huelsenbeck, Grosz and Heartfield. She was one of the forerunners in criticising contemporary issues in the form of photomontages, a technique she developed in 1919. She made friends with Hans Arp and Kurt Schwitters at the beginning of the 1920s. Höch met Theo van Doesburg and Piet Mondrian in 1924 in Paris and a trip to Holland in 1926 was extended to a stay of three years. This was when she began making her assemblages out of scrap objects together with her friends Schwitters and Arp. Höch returned to Germany in 1929 to be shocked by the increasing influence of the National Socialist movement. Höch worked on her "Symbolische Landschaften", works with a surreal character and a touch of "Neue Sachlichkeit" until 1933. During the Second World War Höch retreated to a small house in Berlin-Heiligensee. After the end of the war, in 1945, she was one of the first to actively revive artistic life in Berlin and to contribute to the gradual recovery of German art after the war. During the 1950s and 1960s Höch produced not only abstract works but also a large number of highly acclaimed colour collages, which seem to transform reality in an ironic and fantastic manner. She exhibited works at the large Dada exhibitions such as at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1948 and at the Kunsthalle Düsseldorf in 1958. Other large exhibitions in London and Paris followed. A large retrospective exhibition of Höch's work was organised in 1973 in Paris and then toured to her hometown Berlin. Höch died in 1978 at the age of 88 years in her house in Berlin-Heiligensee.

 HAHEMIAN Nima (Iran)  Bio

HAHEMIAN Nima (Iran)

 HAI Bo (Chinese, b. 1962)  Bio

HAI Bo (Chinese, b. 1962)

Hai Bo's artistic ideal is to restore the past with photography. His work is not about what changes so much as what endures. His photography often depicts people and the passage of time. They or their surrounding are shown in various stages of life, so one can study them or the memory of the subject. In 1982, when Hai Bo first took photography class in the university, he was fascinated by the everlasting moment solidified by the camera. Compared with subjective oil painting, Hai Bo found that photography reflected reality and nature and enabled him to better express his feelings. He began to shoot in his hometown, the rural areas of Northeast China. At first, his photography reflected his strong connection to the Russian landscape painting of his education. Later he began photographing his relatives and friends. In response to Nostalgia for the 1960s and 70s, he found old photographs of groups of people and attempted to re-compose those sittings according to the original arrangement. By repeating the perspective and arrangement, he tries to reverse the changes while allowing the participants to revive an old dream. With a belief that “what is more powerful than art is the life per se”, Hai Bo has mined his familiar rural life theme for 20 years. The photographic techniques he uses are mostly simple and plain; however, those works have a spiritual power through evoking personal memories. Hai Bo was born in Changtu, Liaoning Province, 1962. He graduated from printmaking department of the Fine Art Institute of Jilin in 1984. His works are in numerous public collections including The J. Paul Getty Museum, Queensland Art Gallery and The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Recently, he was included in the following exhibitions: The China Project (2009) at Gallery of Modern Art and Queensland Art Gallery, Queensland, Australia; Speak.Describe: 2009 Cross-Strait Contemporary Art (2000) at National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts, Taichung and National Art Museum of China, Beijing, China; Perspectives: Hai Bo (2010) at Smithsonian's Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Washington DC, United States and North of Taiping Mountain is All Grassland (2008) at Beijing Commune, Beijing, China.

 HASHEMIAN Nima (Iran)  Bio

HASHEMIAN Nima (Iran)

 HEMSWORTH Gerard (British, B.1941)  Bio

HEMSWORTH Gerard (British, B.1941)

Gerard Hemsworth (born 1945, London) is a contemporary artist. He studied at St. Martin's College from 1963-1967 and has exhibited his work internationally since the 1970s. Initially his work was associated with the conceptual art practices of the late 1960s/1970s, however since the early 1980s it has expanded to include painting and print-making. In 1995, he exhibited with the BANK (art collective). In 2000, he was the winner of the Royal Academy Summer Exhibition Charles Wollaston Prize. He is currently Professor of Fine Art at Goldsmiths College, University of London where he is Director of Postgraduate Studies in Fine Art.

 HILAIRE Camille (French, 1916-2004)  Bio

HILAIRE Camille (French, 1916-2004)

Camille Hilaire, né à Metz en 1916 et décédé en 2004, est un peintre français. Il se marie en 1934 avec Anne-Marie Reslinger qui lui donnera une fille, Jeannine. En 1942, il se marie avec Simone Jance-Hilaire, avec laquelle il aura quatre enfants : Christiane, Pascale, Claude - peintre connu sous le nom de Hastaire et Florence - peintre et plasticienne connue sous le nom de Cantié-Kramer. Biographie[modifier] Issu d'un milieu modeste, très tôt il est peintre en bâtiment mais commence à s'exercer à dessiner, à peindre sur nature, à fréquenter la bibliothèque de la ville pour y copier Holbein, Dürer ... Son travail est remarqué par Jean Giono et Nicolas Untersteller, futur directeur de l'Ecole des Beaux-Arts de Paris, qui l'accueille dans son atelier de peinture à Metz. Hilaire y rencontre le Gouverneur de la ville, le Général de Sainte-Croix, qui intervient afin qu'il puisse effectuer son service militaire à Paris. Peu après il est mobilisé, participe courageusement à la campagne de France, est fait prisonnier, s'évade et rejoint Paris au début de 1941. Condamné à la clandestinité, il s'inscrivit sous un faux nom à l'Ecole des Beaux-Arts à Paris durant les années noires de l'Occupation tout en fréquentant également l'académie d'André Lhote avec qui il se lie d'amitié. Jeune admirateur de Albrecht Dürer dont il conserva le trait sûr et incisif, et marqué par la luminosité des maîtres italiens, il commença à exposer aux différents salons parisiens. Voyageant, il a ainsi nourri son talent naturel de ces diverses et passionnantes pérégrinations et, tout au long du siècle, son œuvre peint ou tissé en exprime la beauté et la diversité, de Venise à la Normandie qu'il affectionnait particulièrement, du Havre à Thionville. Et surtout, Camille Hilaire représenta l'expression nuancée de la composition. Ainsi, partant de structures efficaces, il détint le pouvoir par la couleur et obtint une admirable et constante sensation de calme, d'ampleur, de grandeur en traduisant les motifs et les éléments, ce qui ne l'empêcha jamais d'exprimer une brûlante passion de création et de partage. Remarquables étaient ses nus aux courbes parfaites, lovés avec charme et placés en un environnement où leur plénitude sensuelle s'imposa en grâce provocante. Quant aux paysages, Camille Hilaire savait en dicter la structure sans contrainte apparente, leur déposant ce vert frais et piquant qui le caractérisa bien souvent. Ainsi, nature et éléments devenaient-ils un prétexte où l'artiste "pousse" la couleur jusqu'à obtenir l'effet ressenti. Quant aux tapisseries, tout son métier de graphiste et sa volonté de chercher se confondaient en œuvres splendides qui sollicitent constamment le regard grâce à leur réussite technique d'une pure harmonie et qui ont représenté l'artiste tout aussi bien que ses lithographies, d’un aboutissement étonnant. (André RUELLAN, critique d'art) L'un des murs intérieurs de la cantine du collège Georges de la Tour situé place du Roi George à Metz, est orné d'une fresque bucolique, impressionnante par sa taille et sa beauté, peinte par Camille Hilaire. Elle a été sauvegardée lors de la modernisation récente du bâtiment. Au fil du temps, une dizaine de monographies lui a été consacré, ainsi que des reportages et des films. Il laisse une oeuvre de grande ampleur, marquée du sceau de la séduction, dans ce qu'elle suppose de plus exigeant. Hilaire a fortement marqué la peinture française de la moitié du vingtième siècle

 HIRST Damien , (English, b.1965)  Bio

HIRST Damien , (English, b.1965)

Damien Steven Hirst[1] (born 7 June 1965) is an English artist, entrepreneur and art collector. He is the most prominent[2] member of the group known as the Young British Artists (or YBAs), who dominated the art scene in Britain during the 1990s.[3] He is internationally renowned,[4] and is reportedly Britain's richest living artist, with his wealth valued at £215m in the 2010 Sunday Times Rich List.[5][6] During the 1990s his career was closely linked with the collector Charles Saatchi, but increasing frictions came to a head in 2003 and the relationship ended.[7] Death is a central theme in Hirst's works.[8][9] He became famous for a series of artworks in which dead animals (including a shark, a sheep and a cow) are preserved—sometimes having been dissected—in formaldehyde. The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living, a 14-foot (4.3 m) tiger shark immersed in formaldehyde in a vitrine (clear display case) became the iconic work of British art in the 1990s,[10] and the symbol of Britart worldwide.[11] He has also made "spin paintings," created on a spinning circular surface, and "spot paintings", which are rows of randomly-coloured circles created by his assistants. In September 2008, he took an unprecedented move for a living artist[12] by selling a complete show, Beautiful Inside My Head Forever, at Sotheby's by auction and by-passing his long-standing galleries.[13] The auction exceeded all predictions, raising £111 million ($198 million), breaking the record for a one-artist auction[14] as well as Hirst's own record with £10.3 million for The Golden Calf, an animal with 18-carat gold horns and hooves, preserved in formaldehyde.[13] In several instances since 1999 the sources for certain of Hirst's works have been challenged and contested as plagiarised, both in written articles by journalists and artists, and, in one instance, through legal proceedings which led to an out-of-court settlement.[15] Hirst has made certain controversial statements to the media including, following the 11 September attacks, Hirst congratulated the attackers, stating, "You've got to hand it to them on some level." On 18 September 2002, he "apologised unreservedly" for the remarks.[16]

 HOLMES Andrew (British,b.1947)  Bio

HOLMES Andrew (British,b.1947)

 HOURTAL Henri (French, 1877-1944)  Bio

HOURTAL Henri (French, 1877-1944)

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum.

Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections.

 HOYLAND John  Bio

HOYLAND John

John Hoyland (born 12 October 1934) is a British artist based in London. He is one of the country's leading abstract painters. Hoyland was born in Sheffield in Yorkshire and educated at Leighton Park School, before going onto study at Sheffield School of Art, Psalter Lane, and the Royal Academy Schools.[2] He was elected to the Royal Academy in 1991 and was appointed Professor of the Royal Academy Schools in 1999.[2] The National Portrait Gallery holds portraits of the artist in its collection.[4] His first solo exhibition was held at the Marlborough New London Gallery in 1964 and he had a solo show at the Whitechapel Art Gallery in 1967.[2] In the 1960s Hoyland's work was characterised by simple shapes, high-key colour and a flat picture surface. In the 1970s his paintings became more textured.[3] He exhibited at the Waddington Galleries, London throughout the 1970s and 1980s. During the 1960s and 1970s he showed his paintings in New York City with the Robert Elkon Gallery and the Andre Emmerich Gallery. His paintings are closely aligned with Post-Painterly Abstraction, Color Field painting and Lyrical Abstraction.[5] Retrospectives of his paintings have been held at the Serpentine Gallery (1979), the Royal Academy (1999) and Tate St Ives (2006).[2][3][6] He won the 1982 John Moores Painting Prize.[7] His works are held in many public and private collections including the Tate.[8] In September 2010, Hoyland and five other British artists including Howard Hodgkin, John Walker, Ian Stephenson, Patrick Caulfield and R.B. Kitaj were included in an exhibition entitled The Independent Eye: Contemporary British Art From the Collection of Samuel and Gabrielle Lurie, at the Yale Center for British Art.[9][1

 HUANG Shijian (Chinese, b.1955)  Bio

HUANG Shijian (Chinese, b.1955)

Huang Shijian, professional artist. Born in 1955 in Shanghai. Graduated from Shanghai Education University, Major in Arts. Member of Shanghai Artists Association and China Artists Association. Shows : 1982 East China Youth Art Tour 1983 Germany Leipzig Art Fair 1986 International Peace Year Art Exhibition 1987 Found-of-Army 60 Year Anniversary Nation wide Art Exhibition. 1989 7th Nation wide Art Exhibition 1990 Personal Art Exhibition in Tokyo 1991 Hong Kong Art Fair 1994 3rd Nation wide Sports Art Exhibition Brown Medal Winner, collected by International Olympic Committee 1995 Shanghai--Showa Art Exhibition 1996 Personal Art Exhibition in Tokyo 1997 4th Nation wide Sports Art Exhibition 1998 7th Shanghai "Sea Line" Painting--Sculpture Exhibition 1999 Shanghai--Macao Art Exhibition 2001 Shanghai Art Grand Exhibition in 2001 Spring Art Salon in Brown University, Rhode Island 2002 3rd China Oil Painting Exhibition 2005 Shanghai Art Grand Exhibition in 2005

 HUGHES Patrick (British)  Bio

HUGHES Patrick (British)

Patrick Hughes (born 20 October 1939) is British artist working in London. He is the creator of "reverspective", an optical illusion on a 3-dimensional surface where the parts of the picture which seem farthest away are actually physically the nearest. Patrick Hughes was born in Birmingham, went to school in Hull and enrolled at the James Graham Day College in Leeds in 1959. Later he taught at the Leeds College of Art before becoming an independent artist. He has three sons by his first wife, Rennie Paterson, and was later married to the author Molly Parkin. Hughes lives above his studio near Old Street, London, with his wife, the historian and biographer Di Atkinson.[1] He has been represented by Angela Flowers for more than forty years. [edit] Art Hughes work is currently on display at the Drumcroon Gallery, Wigan, UK. Hughes' early works were often playful, putting things back to front or squashing them flat, like Clown (1963) and Liquorice Allsorts (1960), setting words against images, like One Two (1962), or against themselves, like Tick Cross (1962). He explored visual oxymorons and paradoxes.[1] His fascination with the illusion of perspective began with works like Infinity (1963), Three Doors (1964) and The Space Ruler (1965). In the 1970s Hughes hung his investigations of perception and illusion on the motif of the rainbow in a series of prints and paintings, such as Pile of Rainbows (1973), Prison Rainbow (1973) and Leaning on a Landscape (1979). Later prints like Leaf Art (1975) and paintings like Realistic Paint (1977) expressed similar interests with colour.[2] His first "reverse perspective" or "reverspective" was Sticking Out Room (1964), which was a life-size room for the Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA) in 1970. He returned to explore the possibilities of reverspective in 1990 with Up the Line and Down the Road (1991)[1] Since then, his reverspectives have been shown in London, New York, Santa Monica, Seoul, Chicago, Munich and Toronto. He explains reverspective: &#65533; Reverspectives are three-dimensional paintings that when viewed from the front initially give the impression of viewing a painted flat surface that shows a perspective view. However as soon as the viewer moves their head even slightly the three dimensional surface that supports the perspective view accentuates the depth of the image and accelerates the shifting perspective far more than the brain normally allows. This provides a powerful and often disorienting impression of depth and movement. The illusion is made possible by painting the view in reverse to the relief of the surface, that is, the bits that stick farthest out from the painting are painted with the most distant part of the scene.[3] e picture surface of Vanishing Venice (above) is 3-dimensional, made of two pyramids protruding towards the viewer with the tops cut off: the bases of the pyramids are farthest away (flat against the wall). The two lighter rectangles which appear to be in the distance at the end of the buildings are the flat tops and thus the part of the image physically nearest to the viewer (see diagram left). Hughes' reverspective is the subject of scientific papers on the psychology of perception, by Nicholas Wade[4] and Thomas Papathomas of Rutgers University's Laboratory of Vision Research.

 HUSAIN Maqbool Fida (Indian, 1915 - 2011)  Bio

HUSAIN Maqbool Fida (Indian, 1915 - 2011)

One can love MF Hussain or one can hate MF Hussain but one cannot ignore him. MF Husain is always in the news because of one controversy or the other. Maqbool Fida Hussain (MF Hussain ) is a world famous painter and an icon among Indian artists. MF Hussain was born on September 17, 1915 in Pandharpur, Maharashtra. He lost his mother when he was one and a half years old. Husain's father remarried and moved to Indore. MF Hussain did his schooling from Indore. In 1935, MF Hussain moved to Bombay and joined Sir J. J. School of Art. He started off by painting cinema hoardings. He first came into limelight as painter in the late 1940s. In 1952, MF Hussain's first solo exhibition was held at Zurich and soon he became popular in Europe and USA. He went on to become one of the highest paid painters in India. His paintings have fetched millions of dollars at the auction. In 1966, MF Hussain was honored with Padma Shree by the Government of India. In 1967, MF Hussain made his first film "Through the Eyes of a Painter". The film was shown at the Berlin Film Festival and won a Golden Bear. He has also made two Hindi movies, "Gaja Gamini" and "Meenaxi: A Tale of Three Cities." MF Hussain also had his share of controversies. Many a times he has been charged with hurting sentiments of people because of his nude portraits of Hindu gods and goddesses. But he continues to enthrall people with his peerless artistry.

 HUSSAIN Arshad (Pakistanian, B.1977)  Bio

HUSSAIN Arshad (Pakistanian, B.1977)

A Hussain from the land of beauty ,art and culture Pakistan,was born in 1977. a contemporary abstract artist working in different medias.my father is well-known artist in my home country so art is in my blood .having many solo shows to his credit he has won many awards and prizes for his unique style of painting. A Hussain has painted for the most honourable and important people in the UAE. he has also worked for the Dubai government and painted the biggest artwork in Dubai which is exposed in meydan hotel.A Hussain has been contracted by some of the most luxurious hotels in UAE and painted over 400 original pieces for those hotels. in Dubai he has painted portraits of famous sheikhs, for royal terminal 1 & terminal 2 and he rendered artistic services for various UAE ministries.one very important thing goes to his credit , the painting of polo match held for some charity, that he painted at the spot and one famous royal personality has bought his painting very costly.

 IMAGES DE FLEURS  Bio

IMAGES DE FLEURS

 INDIANA Robert (American, b. 1928)  Bio

INDIANA Robert (American, b. 1928)

Robert Indiana was born Robert Clark in New Castle, Indiana. His family relocated to Indianapolis, where he graduated from Arsenal Technical High School. He moved to New York City in 1954 and joined the pop art movement, using distinctive imagery drawing on commercial art approaches blended with existentialism, that gradually moved toward what Indiana calls "sculptural poems". In 1962, Eleanor Ward's Stable Gallery hosted Robert Indiana's first New York solo exhibition. He has since enjoyed solo exhibitions at over 30 museums and galleries worldwide. Indiana's works are in the permanent collections of numerous museums, including Museum of Modern Art, New York; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Stedelijk Museum, Schiedam, The Netherlands; Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh; Detroit Institute of Art, Michigan; Baltimore Museum of Art, Maryland; Brandeis Museum, Waltham, Massachusetts; Albright-Knox Gallery of Art, Buffalo, New York; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, California, the Hirshhorn Museum in Washington D.C.; Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and the Los Angeles County Museum, California, among many others. Indiana's work often consists of bold, simple, iconic images, especially numbers and short words like EAT, HUG, and, his best known example, LOVE. Indiana's iconic work LOVE was first created for a Christmas card for the Museum of Modern Art in 1964 and later was included on an eight-cent United States Postal Service postage stamp in 1973, the first of their regular series of "love stamps." The first serigraph/silk screen of "Love" was printed as part of an exhibition poster for Stable Gallery in 1966 (See "Love and The American Dream: The Art of Robert Indiana", page 87). A few examples of the rare image, in bold blue and green with a red bottom announcing "Stable May 66" are known to exist. 25 of these, without the red announcement, were signed and dated on the reverse by Indiana. Sculptural versions of the image have been installed at numerous American and international locations. In 1977 he created a Hebrew version with the four letter word Ahava (&#1488;&#1492;&#1489;&#1492; "love" in Hebrew) using Cor-ten steel, for the Israel Museum Art Garden in Jerusalem, Israel. In 1995, Indiana created a 'Heliotherapy Love' series of 300 silk screen prints signed and numbered by the artist, which surrounds the iconic love image in a bright yellow border. These prints are the largest official printed version of the Love image. In 2008, Indiana created an image similar to his iconic LOVE (letters stacked two to a line, the letter "o" tilted on its side), but this time showcasing the word "HOPE," and donated all proceeds from the sale of reproductions of his image to Democrat Barack Obama's presidential campaign, raising in excess of $1,000,000. A stainless steel sculpture of HOPE was unveiled outside Denver's Pepsi Center during the 2008 Democratic National Convention. The Obama campaign sold T-shirts, pins, bumper stickers, posters, pins and other items adorned with HOPE. Editions of the sculpture have been released and sold internationally and the artist himself has called HOPE "Love's close relative". For Valentine's Day 2011 Indiana created a similar variation on LOVE for Google.

 IRAN, 20th Century  Bio

IRAN, 20th Century

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.<br><br> There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum.<br><br> Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections.

 Jamal H. AL SUWAIDI (Emirati, b 1971)  Bio

Jamal H. AL SUWAIDI (Emirati, b 1971)

Our culture and heritage have been a source of inspiration. Forms and subjects such as oil, pearls, calligraphy, rhythm and sound inspire almost all of my work. Arabic calligraphy is one of my favorite; I like combining letters with other forms from nature with the aim of sharing the beauty of our language with others. When I was a student, I dreamt of creating art that highlights our cultural rich history. I am interested in combining the past and the future of our heritage in sculptures such as Rhythms of Life and Seashell. I travel a lot to understand other cultures, their lives, environment and inspiration behind art. I want to experience the classical, the modern and the contemporary. Travelling has made me realize that an artist has a responsibility to create bridges between different cultures through his art.

 JAWLENSKY Alexej Von (Russian, 1864-1941)  Bio

JAWLENSKY Alexej Von (Russian, 1864-1941)

Born March 13, 1864 (old calendar), on the noble family's estate near Torschok in Russia, Jawlensky was the son of a colonel and was himself destined to become an officer. While still attending cadet school he discovered the arts, and by obtaining a transfer as a young lieutenant to St. Petersburg, he was able to study at the Academy of Fine Arts and under the important Russian realist painter Ilya Repin (called the Russian Courbet). There he met the painter Marianna von Werefkin, the daughter of a general, who was to devote a large part of her life to encouraging and furthering Jawlensky's career as an artist. In 1896, by then a captain, he left the service and moved with Werefkin and Helen Nesnakomoff (her servant and later Jawlensky's wife and mother of his son Andrej) as well as two other painter friends to Munich to attend the private art school of Anton Azbé. Here he met and began a lifelong friendship with Wassily Kandinsky, who was to become one of the founders of abstract (non-objective) painting. Extended travels in Europe and especially through France introduced Jawlensky to modern art developments. He met Henri Matisse (in 1907 he worked for a while in Matisse's studio), the symbolist painters Paul Sérusier and Jan Verkade (later to become monk Willibrord in the artistically important monastery of Beuron), as well as the Fauvist Kees van Dongen, among others. After his return to Munich he met Paul Klee and Franz Marc and joined them and Kandinsky in the most avant-garde artist group in southern Germany, the Neue Künstler Vereinigung München (New Artist Association Munich). Kandinsky's long time friend Gabriele Münter, Alfred Kubin, Adolf Erbslöh, the Russian Bechtjeleff, and others belonged to his circle, in which Werefkin played an important intellectual role. With the beginning of World War I, Jawlensky as a Russian had to leave Germany, settling in Switzerland. In 1916 he met Emmy (whom he called Galka) Scheyer, who became his student and shortly thereafter his impresario, organizing exhibitions of his works in Germany. In 1924 she formed the "Blue Four" consisting of Jawlensky, Kandinsky, Klee, and Lyonel Feininger to introduce the works of these artists to the United States; she organized - primarily in California - a number of exhibits, gave lectures, and represented the artists until her death in 1945. In 1921 Jawlensky had moved to Wiesbaden in Germany and, his friendship with Werefkin broken, had married Helen Nesnakomoff in 1922. In 1929 he began to suffer from arthritis which forced him to paint with both hands since he could no longer hold a brush; he was unable to paint at all after 1937. His art was declared "degenerate" by the Nazis in 1937 and 72 of his works were confiscated from collections of German museums. Jawlensky died on March 15, 1941. Jawlensky's life work contained only three themes: still lifes, landscapes, and portraits. Convinced that the visual representation of inner experiences is the goal of the arts, he consistently sought a synthesis between the external world and the experience of the inner world of the artist. Painting in strong colors, he abbreviated the natural forms until his landscapes became colorful visions and his still lifes manifestations of serene spaces. During his time in Switzerland he painted a series of abstracted landscapes which he called "Songs without words," indicating that not an objective reproduction of natural vision but an invocation of feelings created by the natural settings was intended. Having studied the works of van Gogh and Matisse, Gauguin and Cezanne and familiar with the works of the symbolist painters as well as with Cubism and Fauvism, Jawlensky created his own forms, which were strong-colored expressions of his emotions and of his spiritual strivings and convictions. Today he is primarily famous for the large number of portraits, which by 1916 were reduced to heads and which after 1918 became abstractions of faces. In the last form a harmonious U-form on the lower part provides the base while mouth, eyes, and forehead furnish a horizontal structure and the nose divides as a vertical the face into a lighter and a darker side. The eyebrows provide a gentle bow, and the face appears to look inwards with closed eyes. In the last works, often called "Meditations," nose, eyes, mouth, and forehead form a Greek cross with one small speck of light centered on the forehead, reminding the viewer of the sign of wisdom found on Byzantine and Russian icons of the Virgin Mary. Although consistently counted among the Expressionists, Jawlensky is the only artist to have created a meditative art: this was his unique contribution to modern art.

 Jean Michel Basquiat (American,1960-1988)  Bio

Jean Michel Basquiat (American,1960-1988)

Basquiat was an American artist.He began as an obscure graffiti artist in New York City in the late 1970s and evolved into an acclaimed Neo-expressionist and Primitivist painter by the 1980s. Throughout his career Basquiat focused on "suggestive dichotomies," such as wealth versus poverty, integration versus segregation, and inner versus outer experience.Basquiat's art utilized a synergy of appropriation, poetry, drawing and painting, which married text and image, abstraction and figuration, and historical information mixed with contemporary critique.Utilizing social commentary as a "springboard to deeper truths about the individual",Basquiat's paintings also attacked power structures and systems of racism, while his poetics were acutely political and direct in their criticism of colonialism and support for class warfare. Basquiat died on August 12, 1988, of a heroin overdose at his art studio in Great Jones Street in New York City's NoHo neighborhood. He was 27

 Jodari (Iran)  Bio

Jodari (Iran)

 JUNBI Huang (Chinese, 1898-1991)  Bio

JUNBI Huang (Chinese, 1898-1991)

Was born in Nanhai,Guang Dong province.He and Zhang Daqian, Pu Xinshe are considered as "Three masters" in China in 20's centery. He graduated in Guangdong Public College in 1919 and as professor in Guangdong Academy of Fine Art in 1927. In 1949, He was as the professor in TaiWan Teachers University.And died in 1991 in Taiwan.

 KAKO (Georgian, b.1960)  Bio

KAKO (Georgian, b.1960)

 KARDAS Demir (Turkish)  Bio

KARDAS Demir (Turkish)

 KAYYALI Louay (Syrian, 1934-1978)  Bio

KAYYALI Louay (Syrian, 1934-1978)

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum.

Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections.

 KHANNA Krishen (Indian, b. 1925)  Bio

KHANNA Krishen (Indian, b. 1925)

Krishen Khanna is a painter whose work engages the social, historical and political landscape of India. Born in Lahore in 1925, Khanna learned the tools of his trade at the evening classes conducted at the Mayo School of Art, Lahore. In the wake of India's partition he moved to Simla and thereafter to Delhi, where he currently lives and works. Khanna's style has dabbled in abstraction as a member of the Progressive Artists Group, a brief movement practised by artists striving towards modernity and challenging India's caste-driven structure, but ultimately he returned to representational art.

 KIKOINE Michel (Russian/French 1892-1968)  Bio

KIKOINE Michel (Russian/French 1892-1968)

Life Kikoine was born in Rechytsa, Belarus. The son of a Jewish banker in the small southeastern town of Gomel, he was barely into his teens when he began studying at "Kruger's School of Drawing" in Minsk. There he met Chaim Soutine, with whom he would have a lifelong friendship. At age 16 he and Soutine were studying at the Fine Arts School in Vilnia and in 1911 he moved to join the growing artistic community gathering in the Montparnasse Quarter of Paris, France. This artistic community included his friend Soutine as well as fellow Belarus painter, Pinchus Kremegne who also had studied at the Fine Arts School in Vilnia. For a time, the young artist lived at La Ruche while studying at the Ecole Nationale Superieure des Beaux Arts. In 1914, he married a young lady from Vilnia with whom he would have a daughter and a son. Their son, Jankel Jacques, born in France in 1920, also became a painter. The same year as his marriage, Kikoine volunteered to fight in the French army, serving until the end of World War I. With the outbreak of World War II and the subsequent occupation of France by the Germans, Michel Kikoine and his Jewish family faced deportation to the Nazi death camps. Until the end of the War they stayed near Toulouse. After the Allied liberation of France, he moved back to Paris where his paintings were primarily nudes, autoportraits, and portraits. In 1958 he moved to Cannes on the Mediterranean coast where he returned to landscape painting until his passing on November 4, 1968. [edit] Career Michel Kikoine had his first exhibition in Paris in 1919 after which he exhibited regularly at the Salon d'Automne. His work was successful enough to provide a reasonable lifestyle for him and his family allowing them to spend summers painting landscapes in the south of France, the most notable of which is his "Paysage Cezannien," inspired by the great Paul Cézanne. He died in Cannes, France. [edit] Influence In 2004, at the university in Tel Aviv, Israel, a new wing in the Genia Schreiber University Art Gallery, was dedicated to the memory of Michel Kikoine.

 KINGMAN Eduardo (Ecuadorian 1913 - 1998)  Bio

KINGMAN Eduardo (Ecuadorian 1913 - 1998)

Eduardo Kingman (1913–1998) was one of Ecuador's greatest artists of the 20th century, among the art circles of other master artists such as Oswaldo Guayasamin and Camilo Egas. Kingman was born in Loja, Ecuador on February 23, 1913.[1] He first studied under Victor Mideros at the Escuela de Bellas Artes, in Quito. Further studies took him to Venezuela, Peru, Bolivia and finally to San Francisco Art Institute, California (1945–1946). People from the United States first became acquainted with Kingman's art in 1939, when he assisted Camilo Egas with the paintings and decorations for the Ecuadorian Pavilion at the New York World's Fair. For a period of twenty years, Eduardo Kingman held the post of principal professor at Quito's Escuela de Belles Artes (School of Fine Arts) as well as Director of the Museo de Arte Colonial de Quito.[1] In 1940, Kingman founded the Caspicara Gallery in Quito. At this time and later his original prints and paintings were exhibited internationally in such cities as Paris, Washington, San Francisco, Mexico City, Caracas and Bogotá. Near the end of his career, Kingman was honored with a one man exhibition of his art at the United Nations, New York. The unifying theme of Kingman's paintings, lithographies and woodcuts is expressing the social realities of Ecuador's indigenous peoples. He was known as the "Painter of Hands."[2] Kingman was also active as a writer and social activist. He died in Quito, Ecuador in 1998.[1] Two of his paintings were stolen from the Posada de las Artes Kingman Museum in 2003 but were safely recovered.

 KLASEN Peter (German b. 1935)  Bio

KLASEN Peter (German b. 1935)

À partir de 1955, Peter Klasen commence l'apprentissage des techniques de lithographie et de l'aérographe. Il entre à l'école des Beaux-Arts de Berlin. Celle-ci est alors l’école d’avant-garde et bénéficie de la présence de jeunes professeurs formés dans l’esprit du Bauhaus ou de l’expressionnisme allemand, tel Hann Trier, important peintre de l’école informelle. Il suit les cours de Will Grohmann, Hans Richter et Karl Schmidt-Rottliff. En 1959, il arrive à Paris et, en 1960, s'installe dans un atelier rue de Clignancourt. Dès 1962, il est l’un des fondateurs de la Nouvelle Figuration. Dans ce mouvement, qui prit également le nom de Figuration narrative, se retrouvent notamment Valerio Adami, Erró, Jacques Monory, Bernard Rancillac et Hervé Télémaque. Sa première exposion personnelle se tient en 1966, à Paris. En 1981, il effectue un séjour à New York. En 1985, Peter Klasen aménage dans une usine désaffectée de Vincennes qu'il transforme en habitation-atelier. Vie personnelle En 1977, Klasen rencontre Claudine d’Hellemmes, avec qui il se marie en 1986. Ils ont deux filles, Sydney et Joy.

 KRIVOVA. T  Bio

KRIVOVA. T

 KUMAR Ram (Indian, b.1924)  Bio

KUMAR Ram (Indian, b.1924)

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

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 LAGASSE Karl (French b. 1981)  Bio

LAGASSE Karl (French b. 1981)

Karl Lagasse is what we call a self-taught artist. Born in Paris on April 4th, 1981, in an artists' family, he begins to create collages at the age of 7, encouraged by Mimmo Rotella, a closed friend of his mother, Angel Prevel. It’s at the same time that he runs tags in the subway with his adopted brother, member of the Black Dragons. The spirit of urban will not leave him any more. Nowadays, Karl Lagasse is a photographer, a painter (He sold his first painting at the age of 15 in Anvers France), a video director but also a sculptor. He exhibited in Europe, in the United States and soon in India. In 2004, he decides to run away from the crowds of the capital and to settle down in Normandy. There, he transformed the ground floor of his mother’s house into a gallery " Work Shop " where he exposes his works and provides a showcase for other artists. His realizations are, as he likes to say, stemming from a “spontaneous, mindless” approach that responds to " his feelings ". It is only once he achieved a piece that he can see " its own subjectivity as well as his proper truth ". Through his works he tries to answer to his issues on himself and the world. The Buildings, inspired by skyscrapers New Yorker, represent its fascination for the United States but also his " need to build himself, to rise ". Built from rough materials (cement, wood, glass), they are composed of pictures taken by the artist. The Dollar is also a powerful symbol of its admiration for the United States with this written sentence: In God We Trust. The same banknote (serial 1995, the year when the dollar was on its highest rate,) is declined in lively colors and different sizes. Unlike what we can imagine, they are not freeze, but with their twist and wave, they offer a real work in motion. Its paintings and his photography are also inspired by the city (tag, buildings, posters). As a video director, he works with Steven Guyot. The documentaries they make are poetic and allow approaching the work of both artists. Appreciated by his contemporaries, in 2005 he sold in only one evening all his works in the Gallery Brachot in Brussels. Karl Lagasse is an artist who always answers his own desires and follows his inspiration which maintains him in a work in progress.

 LARRIEU Jean-Francois (French, b.1960)  Bio

LARRIEU Jean-Francois (French, b.1960)

Jean-François Larrieu was born on 28th February 1960 in Tarbes (high Pyrénées). He is a self-taught artist who is living and working in Paris. Larrieu is President of the &#65533;Paris Autumn Show (Salon d&#65533;Automne de Paris) and Vice President of the Government affiliated Federation of Graphic and Plastic Arts Associations. The artist elaborates through his oil paintings ramifications which starts from a basic point and then progresses like a semi-conscious exploration; his hand, likens to an antennae drawing from the creative cosmos and delivers the genius. The result is exotic cities filled with wonderfully rich architecture steadily rising up and then spreads itself across the land of canvas with amazing constructions of onion-shaped domes, minarets and cupolas. For Larrieu, imagination is the rule of the game. Furthermore the combinations are all the more variable according to the angle from which the master&#65533;s painting is observed. Through his paintings, Larrieu invites us to join him on a fabulous journey into his magical cities where Roman and Gothic porches; Baroque palaces, the China of Marco Polo as well as the Venice of Casanova are strongly reminiscent. When the painted cities on canvas is near completion, the artist ingeniously conjures into being an emblematic figure, which most often is an animal. The beauty and elegance of Larrieu's paintings will bring forth from the audience certain appreciation; where the meanders are different, the cities enchanting and the journey is never the same every time.

 LE CORBUSIER (1887-1965)  Bio

LE CORBUSIER (1887-1965)

In 1900 Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris began to study at the École d'Art in La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. He trained as an engraver and goldsmith but, from 1904, also studied architecture. He made history as one of the leading 20th-century architects. The foundations of Le Corbusier's aesthetic were laid on his extensive travels and the work he did at leading architecture practices, including work for the distinguished German architect Peter Behrens in Berlin in 1910-11. Le Corbusier concentrated on building with steel and reinforced concrete. In 1917 he moved to Paris and assumed the nom d'artiste Le Corbusier. In 'L"Esprit Nouveau", the journal he founded in 1919, Le Corbusier formulated his ideas of modern architecture. His painting, emphasising clear forms and structures, corresponds to his architecture, which is based on elemental geometric forms. In 1943 Le Corbusier applied a similar interdisciplinary approach to developing "Modulor", a system of proportion based on the male figure and the Golden Mean, used to determine the proportions of units in architecture and technology. It is also the basis of Le Corbusier's work in furniture design. Many of his pieces of furniture have become design classics. In addition to individual buildings - such as the "Weißenhof Settllement" in Stuttgart (1927) and Villa Savoye in Poissy (1929-31) - Le Corbusier was interested in mass-produced urban housing and town planning. He disseminated his ideas in a host of theoretical writings on architecture as well as the Congrès Internationaux d'Architecture Moderne and the Athens Charter, published in 1944, in which Le Corbusier laid out guidelines for urban planning. One of Le Corbusier's most important postwar housing complexes is Unité d'Habitation in Marseilles and his pilgrimage chapel, Notre-Dame-du-Haut, in Ronchamps is perhaps his most radical work. One of the most important and influential architects of the 20th century, Le Corbusier died on 27 August 1965.

 LE FEVRE FAROUX Valerie  Bio

LE FEVRE FAROUX Valerie

Valerie le Fevre Faroux is a French photographer born in 1972.She Graduated from Speos Institue Photography in Paris.Now she bases in France and Dubai,U.A.E..Infuenced by the human photography in black and white.She do Photograph in different fields, events, wedding, portraites, fashion show.

 LEGER Fernand (French, 1881-1955)  Bio

LEGER Fernand (French, 1881-1955)

(b Argentan, France, 1881; d Gif-sur-Yevtt, France, 1955) French painter. Fernand Léger was initially trained as an architect from 1897 to 1899. After his military service in Versailles in 1902-1903, he enrolled at the School of Decorative art, and attended classes at the Beaux-Arts. By age of 25, he began working as a serious painter, and his artwork showed a strong influence of Impressionism. When Léger saw the post-Impressionist compositions at Cézanne's memorial exhibition in 1907, he was astonished by how the artist could reveal the geometry inherent in the body. By 1912, the grip of Cézanne's influence had reached its intensity, propelling Léger into a creative exorcism for the sake of his more avant-garde aspirations. Léger has been associated with various avant-garde movement in Europe in the 20th century, he was one of the first artists who captured the watershed moment when he pushed beyond figuration, an idiosyncratic version of Picasso and Braque’s cubist gesture described by critic, Louis Vauxcelles, as “Tubism” in 1911. In each successful painting, Léger addresses this dichotomy of modernity versus tradition, varying the level of description from picture to picture, and each picture is part of a continuum that illustrated the artist's aesthetic concept at a given point.

 LEKOMTSEV Igor (Russian, b. 1966)  Bio

LEKOMTSEV Igor (Russian, b. 1966)

Was born in town of Shadrinsk, Russia. Since childhood, was fond of fine art, graphics and, later, painting. At the moment, works in the "pointille" and mixed painting techniques. 1984-1988 - Studied to be an artistic designer in Chelyabinsk, Russia 1989-1995 - His picture were displayed for sale in galleries of Chelyabinsk, Moscow and Saint-Petersburg 1994 - Award of the Anigraph international competition in the special effects for professional animation nomination, Moscow 1995 - Short list of the Telegraph international competition, Moscow Since 1994 till now - has a private designer practice 1995-1997 - developed a personal technique of spiral coating of metal surfaces for oil, glaze, and grisaille painting Head of the Business Graphic Company Since 1999 - member of the Russia's Union of Designers

 LICHTENSTEIN Roy (American,1923-1997)  Bio

LICHTENSTEIN Roy (American,1923-1997)

Roy Lichtenstein (October 27, 1923 &#65533; September 29, 1997) was a prominent American pop artist. During the 1960s his paintings were exhibited at the Leo Castelli Gallery in New York City and along with Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns, James Rosenquist and others he became a leading figure in the new art movement. His work defined the basic premise of pop art better than any other through parody. [2] Favoring the old-fashioned comic strip as subject matter, Lichtenstein produced hard-edged, precise compositions that documented while it parodied often in a tongue-in-cheek humorous manner. His work was heavily influenced by both popular advertising and the comic book style. He himself described Pop Art as, "not 'American' painting but actually industrial painting".[

 LINDNER Richard (American/German,b.1901 - 1978)  Bio

LINDNER Richard (American/German,b.1901 - 1978)

Richard Lindner was born in Hamburg. His mother Mina Lindner was American and born in New York as daughter of German parents. In 1905 the family moved to Nuremberg, where Lindners mother was owner of a custom-fitting corset business and Richard Lindner grew up and studied at the Kunstgewerbeschule (Arts and Crafts School since 1940 Academy of Fine Arts). From 1924 to 1927 he lived in Munich and studied there from 1925 at the Kunstakademie. In 1927 he moved to Berlin and stayed there until 1928, when he returned to Munich to become art director of a publishing firm. He remained there until 1933, when he was forced to flee to Paris, where he became politically engaged, sought contact with French artists and earned his living as a commercial artist. He was interned when the war broke out in 1939 and later served in the French Army. In 1941 he went to the United States and worked in New York City as an illustrator of books and magazines, making contact with New York artists and German emigrants (Albert Einstein, Marlene Dietrich, Saul Steinberg). In 1948 he became an American citizen. From 1952 he taught at the Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, from 1967 at Yale University School of Art and Architecture, New Haven. In 1957 Lindner got the William and Norma Copley Foundation-Award. In 1965 he became Guest Professor at the Akademie für Bildende Künste, Hamburg. His paintings at this time used the sexual symbolism of advertising and investigated definitions of gender roles in the media. Richard Lindner died in 1978. "The artistic universe of Richard Lindner is unique: he is highly genuine, he is full of urban energy, and he is driven by weird eroticism...Richard Lindner started his career as an artist eventually at the age of 40 in New York. In this metropolitain jungle Lindner created his OEvre: exciting and powerful images of robot like figures, amazones and heroines, harlequinades of self-styled heroes- his artistic panorama of the unruly 60s an 70s of the 20th century." (Claus Clement quoted in: Richard Lindner - Paintings, Works on Paper, Graphic - Nuremberg 2001). One of Lindner's Paintings, "Boy With Machine," 1954, appears on the cover-leaf of Deleuze's Anti-Oedipus, and thus the image has formed part of many readers' introduction to Deleuze's later and more accessible philosophy.

 LIPCHITZ Jacques (Lituanian/French 1891-1973)  Bio

LIPCHITZ Jacques (Lituanian/French 1891-1973)

Jacques Lipchitz (August 22 [O.S. August 10] 1891[1] – May 16, 1973) was a Cubist sculptor. Jacques Lipchitz was born Chaim Jacob Lipchitz, son of a building contractor in Druskininkai, Lithuania, then within the Russian Empire. At first, under the influence of his father, he studied engineering, but soon after, supported by his mother he moved to Paris (1909) to study at the École des Beaux-Arts and the Académie Julian. It was there, in the artistic communities of Montmartre and Montparnasse, that he joined a group of artists that included Juan Gris and Pablo Picasso as well as where his friend, Amedeo Modigliani, painted Jacques and Berthe Lipchitz. Living in this environment, Lipchitz soon began to create Cubist sculpture. In 1912 he exhibited at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and the Salon d'Automne with his first solo show held at Léonce Rosenberg's Galerie L’Effort Moderne in Paris in 1920. In 1922 he was commissioned by the Barnes Foundation in Merion, Pennsylvania to execute five bas-reliefs. With artistic innovation at its height, in the 1920s he experimented with abstract forms he called transparent sculptures. Later he developed a more dynamic style, which he applied with telling effect to bronze figure and animal compositions. With the German occupation of France during World War II, and the deportation of Jews to the Nazi death camps, Jacques Lipchitz had to flee France. With the assistance of the American journalist Varian Fry in Marseille, he escaped the Nazi regime and went to the United States. There, he eventually settled in Hastings-on-Hudson, New York. He was one of 250 sculptors who exhibited in the Third Sculpture International Exhibition held at the Philadelphia Museum of Art in the summer of 1949. He has been identified among seventy of those sculptors in a photograph Life magazine published that was taken at the exhibition. In 1954 a Lipchitz retrospective traveled from The Museum of Modern Art in New York to the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis and The Cleveland Museum of Art. In 1959, his series of small bronzes To the Limit of the Possible was shown at Fine Arts Associates in New York. Birth of the Muses, bronze, 1944-1950, In memory of Jerome Wiesner - in the permanent collection of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Beginning in 1963 he returned to Europe for several months of each year and worked in Pietrasanta, Italy. In 1972 his autobiography was published on the occasion of an exhibition of his sculpture at The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. Jacques Lipchitz died in Capri, Italy. His body was flown to Jerusalem for burial.

 Liu Ye (Chinese, b.1964)  Bio

Liu Ye (Chinese, b.1964)

 LORJOU Bernard (French,1908-1986|)  Bio

LORJOU Bernard (French,1908-1986|)

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.<br><br> There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum.<br><br> Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections.

 MACH David (British,b.1956)  Bio

MACH David (British,b.1956)

David Mach (born 18 March 1956[1]) is a Scottish sculptor and installation artist. Mach's artistic style is based on flowing assemblages of mass-produced found art objects. Typically these include magazines,vicious teddy bears,newspapers, car tyres, match sticks and coat hangers. Many of his installations are temporary and constructed in public spaces. File:David Mach Adding Fuel to the Fire.jpg One of David Mach's magazine pieces, Adding Fuel to the Fire, installation in Barcelona. One example of his early magazine pieces, Adding Fuel to the Fire, was an installation assembled from an old truck and several cars surrounded and subsumed by about 100 tons of magazines, individually arranged to create the impression that the vehicles were being caught in an explosion of flames and billowing smoke. An early influential sculpture was Polaris, exhibited outside the Royal Festival Hall, South Bank Centre, London in 1983. This consisted of some 6000 car tyres arranged as a lifesize replica of a Polaris submarine. Mach intended it as a protest against the nuclear arms race meant to stir controversy. A member of the public who took exception to the piece tried to burn it down; unfortunately, he got caught in the flames himself and suffered fatal burns. In the early 1980s Mach started to produce some smaller-scale works assembled out of unstruck match sticks. These mostly took the form of human or animalistic heads and masks, with the coloured tips of the match heads arranged to construct the patterned surface of the face. After accidentally setting fire to one of these heads, Mach now often ignites his match pieces as a form of performance art. Recently Mach has produced some permanent public works such as Out of Order in Kingston upon Thames, the Brick Train (a depiction of an LNER Class A4 steam engine made from 185,000 bricks, which can be seen near Morrison's supermarket on the A66 just outside Darlington) and the Big Heids visible from the M8 between Glasgow and Edinburgh. A second strand to Mach's work are his collage pieces. Partly as a result of having access to thousands of reproduced images in the magazines left over from many of his installations, Mach began to experiment with producing collages. So far, this has culminated in National Portrait, a 3 m by 70 m collage for the Millennium Dome that featured many images of British people at work and at play. Mach studied at the Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art (now a school of University of Dundee), Dundee, Scotland from 1974, graduating in 1979, then at the Royal College of Art, London between 1979 – 82. Following several shows and public installations, Mach was nominated for the Turner Prize in 1988. In 2000 he joined the Royal Academy of Arts as Professor of Sculpture.

 MACURA Hermoine (Australia)  Bio

MACURA Hermoine (Australia)

Hermoine Macura is the first Australian female English speaking TV News Anchor in the Middle East, and also one of the area’s most recognized faces. Currently one of the main Anchors on Dubai One TV’s Emirates News, her portfolio includes the delivery of live-to-air news bulletins, frequently whilst being in the midst of breaking stories both locally and across the Middle East. Hermoine has also hosted a variety of other shows including the three hour live launch of the Burj Khalifa and Maak Ya Lebanon: which featured exclusive interviews with several key players in aid programs in Lebanon. The program was a part of a series that raised 55 Million Dirhams to help people caught in the conflict. Complementing her role as an anchor, Hermoine has also interviewed a variety of decision makers, and people in the know. From the Duchess of York to Hollywood Actor Michael Douglas, Hermoine has interviewed a wide variety of personalities and government officials in the country. Born in Sydney, Australia, Hermoine began her career in Journalism over ten years ago as a graduate of the University of Wollongong where she was also trained in photography. Originally a Print Journalist, her works have been published in a wide variety of publications internationally.

 Mahboobeh Norouzi(Iranian)  Bio

Mahboobeh Norouzi(Iranian)

 MANESE Renato (Italian, Circa 40 years old)  Bio

MANESE Renato (Italian, Circa 40 years old)

 MAPPELTHORPE Robert (American, 1946 - 1989)  Bio

MAPPELTHORPE Robert (American, 1946 - 1989)

 MARCOS Marin (Braziliam, b. 1968)  Bio

MARCOS Marin (Braziliam, b. 1968)

 Mariam CHAMANDOOST (Iranian)  Bio

Mariam CHAMANDOOST (Iranian)

 MARIN Marcos(Braziliam, b.1967)  Bio

MARIN Marcos(Braziliam, b.1967)

 MARINI Marino (Italian, 1901-1980)  Bio

MARINI Marino (Italian, 1901-1980)

Born in 1901 in Pistoia, Marini was trained as a painter in the great Renaissance art center of Florence at the Academia di Belle Arti. He drew small subjects from life, such as flowers, birds and insects, and he also sculpted. Marini worked intensively, experimenting with different materials, from terracotta to wood and plaster combined with paint, which he also sometimes used with bronze in order to accentuate forms and express movement. In 1928 he traveled to Paris where he made his début as a sculptor, studied with Picasso and other leading modern artists. He also was a close associate of Henry Moore. Marini later returned to Italy, settling in Milan and teaching in nearby Monza. During this period Marini exhibited at La Mostra del Novecento Toscano at the Galleria Milano in Milan. Marini was strongly influenced by the suffering he witnessed in Italy during the war. In 1950, at about the time he was gaining worldwide prominence, he described his work, as part of a "new renaissance of sculpture in Italy, the new humanist, the new reality." Marini's work has an elemental simplicity and has almost been limited, apart from his few portrait heads, to three themes: the female figure, the rider and horse and dancers and jugglers. All of these themes are symbolic, imbued with meaning and significance drawn from his own mythology. His typical female figure, the Pomona, Roman goddess of fruit trees and hence a symbol of fertility, is archetypal of the Mother Goddess. The rider and horse is a symbol equally universal and is often interpreted as man riding and controlling his instincts, the horse being the symbol of the animal component in man, often specifically, the erotic instincts. The third corner of Marini's personal mythical thematic triangle, the dancers and jugglers, are an extension of the overall optimism which breaks through in his sometimes cloudy vision. They display a vibrancy, an attempt to escape from the restraints and impositions of weight and space. Marini gained international renown in the 1950s with three major exhibitions of his work in Amsterdam, Brussels, and New York where his "Great Horse" is displayed in the Rockefeller Collection. His best-known work is the large bronze horse and rider commissioned for the Guggenheim Museum in Venice, Italy. Marini's working life covered more than 60 years of prodigious and prolific activity. He has had exhibitions in almost every major city in the world and prizes, medals and awards were constantly accorded him. Though Marini died in 1980, his works - sculpture, painting and graphics - live on, a continuing testament to a "Master" artist.

 MARTINEZ LAX Juan (Spanish, b. 1946)  Bio

MARTINEZ LAX Juan (Spanish, b. 1946)

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum.

Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections.

 MARTINS Aldemir (Brazilian, 1922-2006)  Bio

MARTINS Aldemir (Brazilian, 1922-2006)

Aldemir Martins (born in Ceará on November 8, 1922; died in São Paulo on February 6, 2006) was a Brazilian artist. He is noted for paintings, drawings, and illustrations which depicted the flora and fauna of his native state.

 MASSON André (French, 1896-1987)  Bio

MASSON André (French, 1896-1987)

The painter and graphic artist André Masson was born in Balagny, a village on Ile de France. In 1904 Masson moved to Brussels where he attended the academy of fine arts. In 1912 André Masson went to Paris. There Masson was admitted to the Paul Baudoin studio at the 'Ecole National Superieure des Beaux-Arts'. When the war broke out, Masson became a soldier. In 1917 he was severely injured and spent several months in an army hospital. In 1922 André Masson returned to Paris, where his art was influenced by André Derrain and Cubism. A little later he met the Surrealist artists and subsequently joined the movement in 1924. In 1925 the first surrealist exhibition took place in the Pierre gallery, including some of Masson's works. In protest against Breton's authoritarian claim to leadership Masson left the group five years later. Surrealism gave Masson access to the irrational and the psychological roots of art. With the help of 'écriture automatique', an automatic script, which is derived from the subconscious, Masson tried to explore the depths of the irrational and the psychological roots of art. Hence Masson followed this method and went on to develop his famous sand pictures made of glue and different colored sands. His focus on lines and the free decription of shapes in his graphic works reflect his study of eastern Asian calligraphy. In his swinging lines, drawn in a trance-like state or ecstatically agitated script, Masson often captured wild and cruel visions. Most of the time an orderly Cubist structure can still be found behind the spontaneity and the passionate emotions of the pictures. From 1942, when Masson fled to the USA before the Nazi occupation of France, he painted fragmented figures and figures of terror. Up until the sixties he remained pre-occupied with these motifs. In 1945 Masson returned to Paris. He broke with Surrealism once and for all. Masson's versatile œuvre also includes illustrations of books and stage designs. In 1966 Masson produced a ceiling painting for the Parisian Théatre Odéon. In spite of the fact that , particularly in the USA, he is celebrated as the inspiration of Abstract Expressionism, Masson's work remained object-related throughout. Masson's desire was turn his own vision into reality and "not to photograph the event of the day".

 MATISSE Henri (French, 1869-1954)  Bio

MATISSE Henri (French, 1869-1954)

Henri Matisse (French pronunciation: [&#593;&#771;&#641;i matis]; 31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954) was a French artist, known for his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter. Matisse is commonly regarded, along with Picasso and Marcel Duchamp, as one of the three artists who helped to define the revolutionary developments in the plastic arts in the opening decades of the 20th century, responsible for significant developments in painting and sculpture.[1][2][3][4] Although he was initially labelled a Fauve (wild beast), by the 1920s he was increasingly hailed as an upholder of the classical tradition in French painting.[5] His mastery of the expressive language of colour and drawing, displayed in a body of work spanning over a half-century, won him recognition as a leading figure in modern art.[6]

 MATTA Roberto (Chilian 1911-2002)  Bio

MATTA Roberto (Chilian 1911-2002)

Roberto Antonio Sebastián Matta Echaurren (November 11, 1911 – November 23, 2002), better known as Roberto Matta, was one of Chile's best-known painters and a seminal figure in 20th century abstract expressionist and surrealist art. Born in Santiago, he initially studied architecture at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile in Santiago, but became disillusioned with this occupation and left for Paris in 1933. His travels in Europe and the USA led him to meet artists such as Arshile Gorky, René Magritte, Salvador Dalí, André Breton, and Le Corbusier. Matta was of Spanish, Basque and French descent.[1] It was Breton who provided the major spur to the Chilean's direction in art, encouraging his work and introducing him to the leading members of the Paris Surrealist movement. Matta produced illustrations and articles for Surrealist journals such as Minotaure. During this period he was introduced to the work of many prominent contemporary European artists, such as Pablo Picasso and Marcel Duchamp. Contents [hide] 1 Selected list of works 2 See also 3 Notes 4 References 5 External links The first true flowering of Matta's own art came in 1938, when he moved from drawing to the oil painting for which he is best known. This period coincided with his emigration to the United States, where he lived until 1948. His early paintings, such as Invasion of the Night, give an indication of the work he would continue, with diffuse light patterns and bold lines on a featureless background. This is also the period of the "inscape" series, and the closely related "psychological morphologies". Prof. Claude Cernuschi (see Boston College Matta exhibition external link below) writes, "Matta's key ambition to represent and evoke the human psyche in visual form was filtered through the writings of Freud and the psychoanalytic view of the mind as a three-dimensional space: the 'inscape'." According to the essay on Matta in Crosscurrents of Modernism (see references below), the inscapes' evocative forms "are visual analogies for the artist's psyche" (p. 241). During the 1940s and 1950s, the disturbing state of world politics found reflection in Matta's work, with the canvases becoming busy with images of electrical machinery and distressed figures. The addition of clay to Matta's paintings in the early 1960s lent an added dimension to the distortions. In his art Matta creates new dimensions in a blend of organic and cosmic lifeforms (see biomorphism). He was one of the first artists to take this abstract leap. Elle Loge La Folie, oil on canvas, 1970. Matta's connections with Breton's surrealist movement were severed when a private disagreement concerning Arshile Gorky and his family; (when Matta was accused of indirectly causing the suicide of Gorky because of Matta's relationship with the wife of the Armenian-American painter), and led to his expulsion from the group, but by this time his own name was becoming widely known. He divided his life between Europe and South America during the 1950s and 1960s, successfully combining the political and the semi-abstract in epic surreal canvases. Matta believed that art and poetry can change the lives of people, and was very involved in the social movements of the 1960s and 1970s. He was a strong supporter of the socialist government of president Salvador Allende in Chile. A 4x24 meter mural of his entitled The First Goal of the Chilean People, was painted over with 16 coats of paint by the military regime of Augusto Pinochet following their violent overthrow of Salvador Allende in 1973. In 2005 the mural was discovered by local officials. In 2008 the mural was completely restored at a cost of $43,000, and is displayed today in Santiago at the La Granja city hall.[2] Throughout his life, Matta worked with many different types of media, including ceramic, photography, and video production.[3] Matta died in Civitavecchia, Italy on 23 November 2002. The Matta Estate is represented by The Pace Gallery, New York. Matta is the father of the artists Gordon Matta-Clark and his twin brother Sebastian, and Ramuntcho Matta.

 MATTER Pierre (French, b. 1964)  Bio

MATTER Pierre (French, b. 1964)

Pierre Matter was born in 1964.Just as his own birth, his work form at dawn, at the time in which the mind is not yet affected by the viscissitudes of the day. After a rather mystical childhood, he does without conviction, general studies mathematics section, but at the same time getting away very soon into infinite space of artistic creation. He tries his hand on oil, poster paint, watercolor, but will find his way only much later, after having borrowed numerous paths across the fields, which have led him as well to agricultural as to the professions of building by getting over through the comic strip and the base relief in stone. He finally settles in a form of sculpture which seemed to him evident and of which he delivers to us a reflection in this work, opening a window to us its modest and transient traces of artists of today, an invisible mark in a world of frenzy of speed.

 MAU MAU  Bio

MAU MAU

 MAYANO Geoffery F.  Bio

MAYANO Geoffery F.

Geoffery was born on 21th, March 1971 in Philippines. He stared to shoot when he was 19 years when he studied film in a small photography studio in Philippines. The first camera the artist used was a Japanese Camera YASHICA and then turned to be a Nikon FM-2, fully manual.Inspired by Stu Williamson and Hank Van koo ten, he is seduced deeply by photography. He likes to shoot street and art photographs. Every Friday Geoffery takes his beloved camera and walks on the street and alley of Dubai to shoot different faces which captured his focus.

 MAZUMDAR Chittrovanu (indian, b.1956)  Bio

MAZUMDAR Chittrovanu (indian, b.1956)

hittrovanu Mazumdar's work pulls from various influences, be it visual, musical or lyrical. Having grown-up in an open and supportive family setting, he never had to restrain his artistic impulses as many artists do. Chittrovanu received no formal training aside from the Government College of Art, Kolkata. He believes that art is a private activity for the artist; a search within the individual: "Results of an artist's work may be beneficial to society … however he may not have intended this."

 MEHTA Rajul (Indian girl, b.1970)  Bio

MEHTA Rajul (Indian girl, b.1970)

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 MEHTA Tyeb (Indian, 1925-2009)  Bio

MEHTA Tyeb (Indian, 1925-2009)

Achievement: Held the record for the highest price for which an Indian painting has ever been auctioned; Recipient of Kalidas Samman and Padma Bhushan Tyeb Mehta was a well known Indian artist, who was known all over the world for his brilliant painting. A multifaceted personality, he also dabbled in filmmaker and made a mark there. He held the record for the highest price for which an Indian painting has ever been sold, in a public auction. It was his triptych painting Celebration that, on being sold for 15 million Indian rupees ($300,000 USD), gave him this honor. Tyeb Mehta was born on July 26, 1925 in Kapadvanj, Gujarat. He initially worked as a film editor in a cinema laboratory. However, his interest in painting took him to Sir J.J. School of Art, Bombay, where he studied painting from 1947 to 1952. There, Mehta also came in contact with Akbar Padamsee and became a close associate of the painters in the Progressive Artists' Group. In 1954, Tyeb Mehta visited London and Paris for four months, following which he returned to India to concentrate on painting and sculpture. He took part in numerous group exhibitions and organized his first solo exhibition of drawings, paintings and sculptures at the Jehangir Art Gallery, Bombay, in 1959. He lived and worked in London from 1959 to 1965. Tyeb Mehta returned to India in 1965 and lived in Delhi till 1968. In 1968, he visited United States, on a Rockefeller Fellowship. Around this time, he also dabbled in films. His film 'Koodal' won the Film fare Critic's Award in 1970. In the 1980s, he worked as an Artist in Residence in Shantiniketan. He was also awarded the Kalidas Samman by the Madhya Pradesh Government in 1988. In his lifetime, Tyeb Mehta participated in several international shows, like Ten Contemporary Indian Painters at Trenton in the U.S. - 1965; Deuxieme Biennial Internationale de Menton - 1974; Festival Intemationale de la Peinture, Cagnes-Sur-Mer, France - 1974; Modem Indian Paintings at Hirschhom Museum; Washington - 1982; and Seven Indian Painters at Gallerie Le Monde de U art, Paris - 1994. On 2nd July 2009, Tyeb Mehta left for the holy abode, following a heart attack. He is survived by his wife - Sakina, a son and a daughter. Tyeb Mehta's large body of work, spanning over six decades, established him as one of the greatest names in the field of Modern Indian Art. His paintings raised numerous questions about the human condition, some of which remain unanswered till date.

 MENON Anjolie Ela (Indian, b.1940)  Bio

MENON Anjolie Ela (Indian, b.1940)

MENON was born in West Bengal. She studied at the J. J. School of Art. She won the French Government scholarship to Ecole National des Beaux Arts, Paris. She has had over thirty solo shows and has participated in several international group shows. She is also a well-known muralist and has represented India at the Sao Paulo Biennale Brazil. Her works can be found in many private and museum collections. She was awarded the Padmashri in 2000.

 MILLER Jack (British,1945 - 2004)  Bio

MILLER Jack (British,1945 - 2004)

 MIRANDO Richard "aka Seen" (American)  Bio

MIRANDO Richard "aka Seen" (American)

Richard "Richie" Mirando, known as Seen UA, born 1961 in The Bronx, New York, is one of the most well known graffiti artists in the world, often referred to as the Godfather of Graffiti, although he did not pioneer the movement. Seen first started to paint on New York's subway in 1973. His crew United Artists (or simply UA) quickly gained the reputation for producing full-color throw-ups on whole cars. In the late 1980s Seen also turned his talent to tattoo art, opening Tattoo Seen, which quickly became one of the most successful studios in New York. Seen's recent work includes three-dimensional sculpture, mixed media work with reclaimed or discarded materials (often found in the street), and a series of hand-painted, limited-edition MTA New York subway maps. He continues to exhibit worldwide and produce work.

 MIRO Joan (Spanish, 1893 - 1983)  Bio

MIRO Joan (Spanish, 1893 - 1983)

Joan Miro (1893-1983) was a Spanish painter and sculptor who produced vivid abstract and surrealistic works of art during much of the 1900s. His works often have very descriptive titles. Joan Miro's name is pronounced hoän mro. Miro was born on April 20, 1893, in Montroig, Spain, which is near the city of Barcelona. His father was a goldsmith and watchmaker. Miro studied art at the School of Fine Arts at La Llotja and at the Academy of Francisco Gali, in Barcelona, Spain. He had his first show at the Dalmau Gallery in 1918; he was 24 years old. In 1919, he traveled to Paris, France, which was then the center of the art world. He was friends with many surrealist and abstract painters, including Pablo Picasso, Andre Masson and Max Ernst. In France, Miro developed his individualistic and recognizable style and eventually became famous. After Miro returned to Spain in 1940, he lived mostly in Majorca. He painted, sculpted, worked in ceramics, produced many mosaics and murals, and illustrated over 300 books. Miro lived to be 90 years old, dying on December 25, 1983.

 Mohamad Forouzandeh (Iran)  Bio

Mohamad Forouzandeh (Iran)

 MONTENEGRO Roberto ( Mexican 1885 - 1968)  Bio

MONTENEGRO Roberto ( Mexican 1885 - 1968)

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 MOORE Henry (English, 1898-1986)  Bio

MOORE Henry (English, 1898-1986)

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum.

Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections.

 MOUDARRES Fateh (Syrian, 1922-1999)  Bio

MOUDARRES Fateh (Syrian, 1922-1999)

Fateh al-Moudarres (Arabic: &#1601;&#1575;&#1578;&#1581; &#1575;&#1604;&#1605;&#1583;&#1585;&#1587;&#8206;) (1922—1999) was a Syrian painter and one of the leaders of the modern art movement in Syria. Moudarres studied at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Rome, where he was influenced by Surrealism. After he completed his studies, he returned to Syria where he grew and honed his skills under the auspices of long-time friend, mentor, and tutor Wahbi Al-Hariri.

 MR BRAINWASH (French circa 40 years old)  Bio

MR BRAINWASH (French circa 40 years old)

Mr. Brainwash ("MBW") is a pseudonym for the character Thierry Guetta in the film Exit Through the Gift Shop, directed by Banksy. Like Banksy, Guetta employs famous artistic and historic images, many of which are copyrighted, and amends the originals in slight or significant ways. Unlike Banksy, who is shown in the film creating his own work, Guetta states in the film that his work largely consists of "scanning and photo shopping," acts which are carried out by hired assistants. Guetta's first show Life is Beautiful opened in Los Angeles June 2008. In 2009, Guetta created the cover art for Madonna's Celebration album.

 MURAKAMI Takashi (Japanese, b. 1962)  Bio

MURAKAMI Takashi (Japanese, b. 1962)

Born in Tokyo, Japan, in 1962, Murakami grew up in a household that placed a high value on art. His younger brother, Yuji, also became an artist. Japanese popular culture informed his outlook, but he also felt the impact of Western society, particularly the popular culture of the United States. Murakami became exposed to some aspects of American life during a time when his father worked at an American naval base, and he also absorbed a great deal through imported movies and music. "Only recently did I realize how much I've been influenced by Steven Spielberg," Murakami told Interview magazine in 2001. "In his films there is a tension between the children's world and the adults' world." Many of Murakami's works capture that tension between the innocence of childhood and the experience of adulthood, with his cartoon-like images sometimes displaying a dark and slightly creepy undertone. "I have learned in Europe and America the way of the fine-art scene. Few people come to museums. Much bigger are movie theaters. The museum, that space is kind of old-style media." Murakami wanted to be an artist when he grew up. He was particularly interested in animation and comics, and he felt that studying art would help him improve his drawing skills. He enrolled in the Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music in the early 1980s. The works of Japanese artist Takashi Murakami have inspired both admiration and confusion. Inspired primarily by anime, Japanese animation, and manga, Japanese comics, Murakami's paintings and sculptures feature bright, candy-colored images of cartoon-like characters, with large eyes and exaggerated body parts. His works are often decorated with smiling flowers, round, blinking eyes, and colorful mushrooms. Murakami's creations defy traditional classifications, breaking down numerous barriers. He blurs the line between so-called high art&#65533;the kinds of works normally seen in museums and galleries&#65533;and "low" art, like that seen in cartoons or advertisements. He also contradicts the traditional idea of an artist toiling away in a studio to painstakingly create one-of-a-kind works. Murakami employs a large staff of assistants who help him churn out his designs. Some of his works are extremely high-priced creations intended for a gallery or art collectors, but he also mass-produces merchandise, such as mugs, keychains, and T-shirts, featuring the characters he has created. Murakami is often classified as a pop artist. Pop artists are inspired by popular culture, choosing subjects from such sources as cartoons, billboard advertisements, and consumer goods. He longs for&#65533;and in large measure has achieved&#65533;a kind of success that few artists realize: he has earned the respect of many in elite art-world circles while also making a good living and becoming hugely popular with the general public.

 NADAL Carlos (Spanish, 1917 - 1998)  Bio

NADAL Carlos (Spanish, 1917 - 1998)

Carlos Nadal was born in Paris to Catalan parents. Nadal's father ran a shop of decorative arts, making posters and theatre backdrops, which was a very profitable business in the 1920s. His parents returned to Barcelona in 1921. Young Carlos enrolled at the School of Arts and Crafts in Barcelona at the age of 13 and later became a student of the Senior Fine Art Academy of St George there. He was conscripted into the Republican Army during the Spanish Civil War in 1936 and in 3 years he was captured and interred at the concentration camp at St Cyprien, where he spent 5 months. Carlos escaped from the camp and returned to Barcelona. He continued his art studies and in 1941 Nadal had his first one-man exhibition. In the mid 1940s he returned to Paris. The artist was given a scholarship from Barcelona Council and later a grant from the French Ministry of Culture. He lived in Montparnasse where he met Picasso, Braque, Utrillo, Dufy. Nadal often visited Braque's studio. In 1949 Nadal was offered a US scholarship by the Carnegie Foundation, but he chose to marry his girlfriend Flore Joris, a sculptor, and they went to Brussels, where Nadal took up a contract work. In the 1960s the artist was in great demand throughout Europe. He built his own studio and summer house near Barcelona. check out also: Nadal's work at first appears to be naive, almost childlike. However, it is difficult not to turn and sup the extravagant wild colours, bold lines and strange perspective. Carlos Nadal was the last wild expressionist of Spain and perhaps one of the last artists with direct connections to the original group of Fauvist painters.

 NAIM Ismail (Syrian, 1930-1979)  Bio

NAIM Ismail (Syrian, 1930-1979)

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.<br><br> There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum.<br><br> Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections.

 NASERNIA Sasan(Iranian, b.1974)  Bio

NASERNIA Sasan(Iranian, b.1974)

Calligrapher, painter and musician Sasan Nasernia, was born in 1974 in Tehran. He graduated with a Bachelor&#65533;s degree in Graphic Design from Tehran&#65533;s Azad Art University in 1997. As a graphic artist, Persian and Arabic words and letter forms never ceased to fascinate him. Although digital typography was the trend of that time, Sasan grew to realize that it wasn&#65533;t his method of choice to satisfy his sheer fervour for art. This led him to start creating unique calligraphic paintings, as the means to express his artistry and self-exploration. In search of his own language and style over recent years, Sasan has resorted to a minimalistic approach as a result of his &#65533;less is more&#65533; motto. The majority of his works are monochromic and dichromic, where the intertwined letter forms are created instantly, characterized by the melody of chanted poetry. Since 2008, Sasan has held various solo and group exhibitions in galleries in both Tehran and Dubai. Alongside his painting career, Sasan has been an active musician, playing drums for the past 15 years. An appassionato of psychedelic progressive rock, he started an underground band in Tehran 12 years ago. When he moved to Dubai in 2003, Sasan joined several bands, before finally settling as the drummer of EYE, Empty Yard Experiment, in 2009. EYE has been recognized as &#65533;Best local Band in the Progressive Genre&#65533; by Metality UAE, a web based magazine and also Time Out Dubai. Their self titled debut album was released in April 2011. EYE has performed in numerous successful concerts since 2006 and has shared stage with the famous British band Anathema and American Grammy Award winners, Evanesence. 2011: Shirin Gallery (Tehran, Solo Exhibition) 2010: Total Arts Gallery (Group Exhibition) 2010: Tehran Art Expo (Group exhibition) 2009: Shirin Gallery (Tehran, Solo Exhibition) 2009: Basement Gallery (Solo Exhibition) 2008: Focus art Gallery (Group Exhibition) 2008: Art Bastakya (Group Exhibition) 2004 &#65533; 2007:Various private shows

 NEILAND Brendan (British , b.1941)  Bio

NEILAND Brendan (British , b.1941)

Professor Brendan Neiland (born 23 October 1941 in Lichfield, Staffordshire) is an English artist best known for his paintings of reflections in modern city buildings. In 1992 he was elected into the Royal Academy (RA). Professor Neiland's interpretations of city life have gained him a reputation as one of Britain's foremost painters and printmakers. His use of light and pictorial structure, using a spray-gun technique developed at the Royal College of Art, has seen Neiland likened to Georges Braque and Johannes Vermeer. [1] His work is widely exhibited and is featured in the collections of the Tate Gallery and the Victoria and Albert Museum. [2] In 1998 Neiland was appointed Keeper (Director) of the Royal Academy Schools, and was credited with revitalising what had been a struggling art school. [3] In July 2004 he resigned as Keeper following newspaper reports concerning financial irregularities. Neiland is the first artist to be stripped of his membership since James Barry in 1799. It was later reported that Neiland had been contributing his own consultancy earnings and funds he had raised independently towards the operation of the Royal Academy Schools. In doing so Neiland had not observed the budgetary discipline and financial controls required by the organisation.[4] Neiland later said he had set aside the missing money, the fruit of his own fundraising efforts, to protect it from being sucked into a general RA fund. [5] Other commentators speculated that his expulsion was connected to an internal power struggle over the governance of the RA. [6] Fellow Academician Peter Blake resigned from the Academy in protest at Neiland's expulsion. [7]

 Nima Hashemian (Iran)  Bio

Nima Hashemian (Iran)

 Norzari Janan (Iranian, b. 1988)  Bio

Norzari Janan (Iranian, b. 1988)

 OGANER Ozan (Turkish, B.1973)  Bio

OGANER Ozan (Turkish, B.1973)

 OKADA Kenzo (Japanese, 1902-1982)  Bio

OKADA Kenzo (Japanese, 1902-1982)

(b Yokohama, 28 Sept 1902; d Tokyo, 25 July 1982). American painter of Japanese birth. In 1922 he entered the department of Western painting at Tokyo School of Fine Arts, but in 1924 he went to France where he studied with Tsugouharu Foujita and executed paintings of urban subjects. In 1927 he returned to Japan. From 1929 he displayed works at the exhibition of the Nikakai (Second Division Society), of which he became a member in 1937. He went to New York in 1950, settling and working there as a painter. In New York he produced abstract paintings. Undoubtedly stimulated by Abstract Expressionism, these nevertheless display a strong Japanese sensibility and feeling for form; the works Abstraction No. 7 (1953; Purchase, SUNY, Neuberger Mus.) and Memories (1957; New York, Whitney), for example, reveal subtle changes in the natural world through the use of imagery constructed with delicate, sensitive colour tonalities, floating within the compositional space. He also painted numerous works that used as a point of departure the reinterpretation of the decorative effects of traditional Japanese painting (Yamatoe),

 OPIE Julian (English, b.1958)  Bio

OPIE Julian (English, b.1958)

Julian Opie is one of the most important, influential and popular artists currently working in Britain. His style was brought into the public eye when he was asked to design the cover for the British band, Blur's best of album. He is one of the leading figures in computerised art. His highly stylised work, involves the reduction of photographs (or short films) into figurative reproductions (created using computer software). In his portraiture, the human face is characterised by black outlines with flat areas of colour, and minimalised detail, to the extent that an eye can become a just the black circle of the pupil, and sometimes a head is represented by a circle with a space where the neck would be. In this way, Julian Opie tries to present the complexities of the human form by reducing it to its mere basics. Julian Opie studied at Goldsmiths College (1979–82) under Michael Craig-Martin, for whom he briefly worked as an assistant. His work is held in most major museum collections including The Tate Gallery, London, and MoMA, New York, and he has completed major public commissions in cities all over the world.

 OTTOMAN, Late 19thCentury  Bio

OTTOMAN, Late 19thCentury

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum.

Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections.

 PAIRE Gerard (French b.1951)  Bio

PAIRE Gerard (French b.1951)

For Gérard Pairé, Painting has always been a Flash, an Epidermis, a Skin made of colored Lights that rub themselves, pass over each others like Caresses with an erotic Future.Colors flood Space by various Effects of Textures, of Fluids, then the Light slips & escapes to reveal a veilled Space behind wich is the Abyss & Emptiness. Exhibitions : International Art Fair. Chicago - Salender O'Reilly Gallery. NYC - Galleryism Gallery. Seoul - Galerie Gérard Piltzer. Paris - F.I.A.C. Paris - A. Gallery. Chicago - F.R.A.C. Pays de Loire. Nantes - Fine Art 2000 Gallery. Stamford - Galerie Mabel Semmler. Paris - Galerie Patrick Gaultier. Quimper - Galerie Up-Art. Bruxelles - ST'ART Foire d'Art Contemporain. Strasbourg - Lille Art Fair.Lille -...

 PARKER Erik (German b. 1968)  Bio

PARKER Erik (German b. 1968)

Born in Stuttgart, Germany in 1968, Erik Parker lives and works in New York. Erik Parker is a self-appointed archivist of postwar New York Art, with an interest extending to music and performance. His paintings, which resemble drawings, are mostly made up of words: elaborate litanies of name, of people, of places and movements both familiar and famous, that evoke an era or a scene. Parker paints organisation charts, maps, thorough lists of famous artists around the world, curators, gallery owners, artists, musicians, poets, drug dealers, pimps and famous people that animated the second half of the previous century. The various names are individually enclosed in a cocoon that, seen as a group creates a type of link rich in detail, an original plot in which an expressive strenght extends beyond the work of art, deliberately using “naif” false style. In his paintings, each element is linked to another, or descends from another, his works are similar to some amusing family trees. Already sanctioned in the pages of the New York Times as one of the most interesting young New York artists, Erik Parker has created for this exhibition 5 oils on canvas of large dimensions and a series of drawings. The artist has also participated in the Greater New York exhibition, PS1, New York, 2000 and in Artists in the Market Place, Bronx Museum, New York

 PASCHKE Ed (American, 1939-2004)  Bio

PASCHKE Ed (American, 1939-2004)

Edward Francis Paschke (June 22, 1939 - November 25, 2004) was a Polish American painter. His childhood interest in animation and cartoons, as well as his father's creativity in wood carving and construction, led him toward a career in art. As a student at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago he was influenced by many artists featured in the Museum's special exhibitions, in particular the work of Gauguin, Picasso and Seurat. Although Paschke was inclined toward representational imagery, he learned to paint based on the principles of abstraction and expressionism. He avidly collected photographs-related visual media in all its forms, from newspapers, magazines, and posters to film, television, and video, with a preference for imagery that tended toward the risqué and the marginal. Through this he studied the ways in which these media transformed and stylized the experience of reality, which in turn impacted on his consideration of formal and philosophical questions concerning veracity and invention in his own painting. At the same time, he sought living and working situations — from factory hand to psychiatric aide — that would connect him with Chicago’s diverse ethnic communities as well as feed his fascination for gritty urban life and human abnormality. Thus he developed a distinctive oeuvre that oscillated between personal and aesthetic introspection and confronting social and cultural values.[3] In his early paintings Paschke both incorporated and challenged depictions of legendary figures by transforming them into corps exquis, such as Pink Lady (1970) where he set Marilyn Monroe’s famous head atop the suited body of an anonymous male accordion player; or Painted Lady (1971) where he redesigned screen legend Claudette Colbert as a tattooed lady fresh from a freak show. Another direction through which he explored the features and quirks of meaning and logic was in paintings of leather accessories interpreted as anthropomorphized fetish objects, such as Hairy Shoes (1971) and Bag Boots (1972). In the decades separating Pink Lady and Matinee (1987), Paschke shifted his interest from print to electronic media and a dazzling spectrum of televisual waves and flashes began to fill the paintings. Forms and images disintegrated, broken apart in the fabric of electronic disturbance and its surface. In Matinee, the face of Elvis Presley is fragmented into a field of glowing swathes of color with lips and eyes alone suggesting the human presence beneath the electronic overlay.[4] Paschke made use of an overhead projector to layer images, which he then rendered using the traditional and time-consuming medium of oil painting. He began with an underpainting in black and white, then addressed it with refined systems of colored glazing or impasto to enliven the optical and physical textures of his painting. With this original and painstaking process he created a formal parallel with the black-and-white-to-color progression in the historical development of printing, film, and television images, at the same time moving the subject matter from the particular to the non-specific to allow a wider range of interpretation. In his later work, once again forms became more solidified, moving back towards certain kinds of psychologized presences and the edgy tension that characterized his earlier work.[4] Unlike most of his Pop predecessors with their unthreatening embrace of popular culture, Paschke gravitated towards the images that exemplified the underside of American values — fame, violence, sex, and money — a preference that he shared with Andy Warhol, who was one of his foremost inspirations. Although long considered to be an artist of his own time and place, his explorations of the archetypes and clichés of media identity prefigured the appropriative gestures of the “Pictures Generation” and for a new generation of global artists his totemic, eye-popping paintings have come to embody the essence of cosmopolitan art.[4] His work is included many museum collections including: the Art Institute of Chicago, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington D.C., Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, and Centre Pompidou, Paris.

 PAUL Gen (French,1895-1975)  Bio

PAUL Gen (French,1895-1975)

Born as Eugène Paul in a house in Montmartre on the Rue Lepic painted by Van Gogh, he began drawing and painting as a child. His father died when he was only ten years old and Gen Paul was trained to work in decorative furnishings. He served in the French army during World War I and was wounded twice, losing one of his legs. During his convalescence, he returned to painting, and at Le Bateau-Lavoir he became friends with Juan Gris who helped him a great deal. Although Gen Paul never received any formal training, he made a living from his art for almost 60 years. While his early works reflected the influences of his friends in Montmartre, Vlaminck, Utrillo and Frank Will, he soon developed dynamic form of expressionism reflecting influences as varied as Toulouse-Lautrec, Van Gogh, Cézanne, Goya, Velázquez and El Greco. Between 1925 and 1929, he produced many of his best works. The paintings during this phase are characterized by motion created by gestural brush strokes, daring compositions, forced perspectives, diagonals, zigzags, juxtaposed areas of abstraction and realism and flat areas of color. Unlike other expressionists of the time such as Soutine, Rouault and the German expressionists, Gen Paul's works are full of optimism - fueled by his passion for life and daily life and his desire to overcome his handicap. Due to the dynamism and motion inherent in his paintings, some consider Gen Paul to be the first action painter, a precursor to the abstract expressionists of the 1950s. Gen Paul died at the Hospital of Pity-Salpêtrière in Paris on 30 April 1975 and was interred in the Cimetière Saint-Vincent in Montmartre. A great many of his works remain in private hands but a number of his important pieces can be found at museums in France and in other parts of Europe. Career Gen Paul first exhibited at the Salon d’Automne and the Salon des Indépendants in Paris in 1920. In 1928, his works were exhibited with those of Pablo Picasso and Chaim Soutine. Gen Paul began the 1930s with a serious addiction to alcohol, further complicating his chronic health problems. The paintings of 1930s reflect a more somber mood with precise lines and carefully chosen colors and an emphasis of rhythm over motion. From the 1940s through his death, Gen Paul reverted to a style of action painting characterized by many of the elements of his work in the 1920s, but his later work never again succeeded in recapturing the innovation, emotion and expressionism of his earlier works. In 1934, he was recognized for his contributions to France and was awarded the Legion of Honor. In 1937, he was contracted to paint a large fresco for the Pavilion of Wines of France at the Paris International Exposition. In addition to painting scenes from his native Montmartre, including that of his friend, composer Darius Milhaud, Gen Paul travelled to the United States where he painted jazz and classical musicians, a subject with which he had much interest.

 PHOTOGRAPHS  Bio

PHOTOGRAPHS

 PICASSO Pablo (Spanish, 1881-1973)  Bio

PICASSO Pablo (Spanish, 1881-1973)

Pablo Picasso is unquestionably the most famous artist of the 20th Century. In his artistic life, lasting more than 75 years he created tens of thousands of works, including paintings, drawings, sculpture, original lithographs, etchings, linoleum cuts and ceramics. No single artist has had a greater influence on Modern Art and has changed art more profoundly in the 20th Century. Picasso has been described as having lived several lifetimes artistically. He created Cubism (with George Braque) and continued thereafter to develop his art with a velocity that is comparable to the pace and dramatic change of the 20th Century. Born in Malaga on October 25, 1881, Picasso received his first drawing lessons from his father, a drawing teacher, at La Coruna in 1891. In 1895 the family moved to Barcelona, where young Pablo brilliantly passed the entry examination to the famous La Llonga art school completing in a single day, the one-month qualifying exam. His father was so overwhelmed by his son’s abilities that he gave him own brushes, and proclaimed that he would never paint again. In 1897 he exhibited drawings in a cafe called Els Quatre Gats the artistic center of Barcelona. In 1899 he met Jaime Sabartes and did his first etching El Zurdo. The following year saw Picasso in Paris for the first time, where he created and exhibited drawings. In 1901 he made drawings in Madrid and Paris and he started to sign his works ‘Picasso,’ his mother’s maiden name. In 1904 he settled definitively in Paris, where he rented a studio in the “Bateau Lavoir.” This is the period when he created his famous “Blue Period” works, so called because of their monochromatic tonality, and somber content. In 1907, Picasso created the painting that would in essence create “modern art.” “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” is considered the watershed painting of modern art. Artists from all over the world made pilgrimages to see the work themselves. It led to Picasso’s collaboration with Braque (lasting into the 1920’s), which created Cubism. The 1920’s were important years in the development of Picasso’s art and his fame. He designed theater sets and painted in cubist, neo-classical, and surreal modes. In 1937, the fascists horrified the world with the bombing of the civilian town of Guernica, Spain. Picasso was deeply affected by the carnage and responded by creating his other most notable masterpiece mural, “Guernica.” Picasso became one of the most important original printmakers of all time. He was never content to use any media in its purely traditional way, and he revolutionized many of the graphic media he employed. In 1905 he engraved Les Saltimbanques. In 1906 Picasso did drypoints on celluloid and his first woodcuts. From 1909 to 1915 he produced Cubist prints, and from 1916 to 1920 he did neoclassic etchings. 1919 was the year of his first lithographs; in 1927 he did etchings for Balzac’s Le Chef-d’oeuvre inconnu and etchings for Ovid’s Metamorphoses in 1930. In 1933 he started work on a set of one hundred copperplates for Vollard (the Vollard Series). In 1934 he did Lysistrata and in 1935 the Minotauromachy. In 1937 engraved Franco’s Dream and Lie (also in response to Guernica), the sugar aquatints for Buffon’s Histoire Naturelle, and the portraits of Vollard that concluded the famous hundred plate series. Picasso moved to lithography in November 1945, producing his first color works in that medium at the famous Mourlot atelier. In 1948 he did Gongora and Reverdy’s Le Chant des Morts. In 1949 Picasso created the lithograph entitled The Dove of Peace; in 1950 the illustrations for Cesaire’s Corps Perdui; in 1952 the aquatints, Woman at the Window. From 1953 to 1957 came his aquatints, line engravings and lithographs (the Jacqueline series), and in 1958 his first color linocuts. In 1959 he did the Tauromachy series and linocuts. From 1960 to 1967, he did aquatints, etchings, drypoints and line engravings. In 1968, from March 16 to October 5, three weeks before his 87th birthday, he did three hundred and forty-seven etchings, line engravings, drypoints, mezzotints and aquatints, known as the “347 Series.” Picasso died on April 8, 1973 in Mougins, France at the age of 91

 PINEDO Emile (French,1840-1916)  Bio

PINEDO Emile (French,1840-1916)

E. Pinedo was a sculptor and foundry worker specialized in female forms and faces. His bronzes were consistently from the highest Parisian quality.

 POCH (French b.1972)  Bio

POCH (French b.1972)

 PONTING Herbert (English,1870 - 1935)  Bio

PONTING Herbert (English,1870 - 1935)

Herbert George Ponting, FRGS (21 Mar 1870 - 1935) was a professional photographer. He is best known as the expedition photographer and cinematographer for Robert Falcon Scott's Terra Nova Expedition to the Ross Sea and South Pole (1910-1913). In this role, he captured some of the most enduring images of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration.

 PORTOCARRERO Rene(Cuban, 1912-1985)  Bio

PORTOCARRERO Rene(Cuban, 1912-1985)

(b havana, 24 feb 1912; d havana, 7 april 1985). cuban painter, ceramicist and illustrator. although he attended some classes at the academia de s alejandro in havana, he taught himself to paint by studying the work of a number of artists, especially picasso, without allowing these influences to dominate his own strong personality. like many of his cuban contemporaries he portrayed local scenes in combination with cosmopolitan elements. portocarrero’s earliest important paintings, the interiors of the old havana cerro quarter, were painted in the 1940s. in colourful, baroque still-lifes and in interiors with figures such as interior (1943; havana, mus. n. b.a.), the horror vacui of cuban colonial architecture and interior decoration is exploited to the fullest. during the late 1940s and early 1950s portocarrero produced abstract and semi-abstract paintings that stressed colour and geometry. he also produced a series of pen-and-ink drawings entitled masks depicting, for example, a couple in formal dress (havana, mus. n. b.a.). other series from the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s include cityscapes, cathedrals, afro-cuban deities, women and the carnival. all these series are characterized by strong colour, a love of the fantastic, and complex lines and forms, as seen in cathedral in yellow (1961; havana, mus. n. b.a.), in which a multitude of architectural features are depicted in contrasting colours creating a dense surface pattern. portocarrero also worked with ceramics during the 1950s, creating a ceramic mural of female figures and floral motifs for the palacio de la revolución, havana, in 1968. he illustrated the books of a number of cuban authors, including josé lezama lima’s paradiso (mexico city, 1968).

 POULAIN Michel-Marie (French, 1906-1991)  Bio

POULAIN Michel-Marie (French, 1906-1991)

Michel-Marie Poulain, né en 1906 et décédé en 1991, a été un(e) artiste-peintre français(e) moderne dont le style et la technique rappellent ceux de Bernard Buffet. C'était une personnalité extraordinaire qui a eu une vie très mouvementée. Né homme, il a servi comme sous-officier chez les dragons. En tant que femme, elle a été mannequin chez les grands couturiers. Ce dédoublement de la personnalité apparaît dans ses tableaux et explique les traits vigoureux mais aussi les touches proprement féminimes. La vigueur de sa peinture est tempérée, comme le font remarquer ses biographes, par une grâce féminine visible dans ses personnages. Plus tard, Poulain a ouvert une galerie à Cannes, pour exposer ses tableaux.

 POULET Raymond (French,b.1934)  Bio

POULET Raymond (French,b.1934)

 PRIKING Franz (German,1929 -1979)  Bio

PRIKING Franz (German,1929 -1979)

 PRINCE Richard (American, b. 1949)  Bio

PRINCE Richard (American, b. 1949)

Richard Prince was born August 6, 1949 in the Panama Canal Zone, then a United States territory. Prince relocated to Braintree, Massachusetts, a suburb of Boston in 1954. In 1973, after applying to the San Francisco Art Institute without success, he moved to New York where he worked at the Time-Life Building as a preparer of magazine clippings. During this time, he became familiar with Conceptual art and realized the possibility of imagery from mass media, advertising and entertainment. Although formally trained as painter, it was Prince's collages that truly commanded the attention of the art world. Deliberately creating an artificial look, Prince rephotographed and juxtaposed found advertising images. As an Appropriation artist, using borrowed elements to create new art, Prince redefined the concept of authorship and ownership. Since his first solo exhibition at Artists Space in New York in 1980, Prince has had shows at numerous museums such as, Institute of Contemporary Arts, London; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Museum Haus Lange, Krefeld, Germany, and the MAK Center for Art and Architecture, Los Angeles. In 2007 The Solomon R. Guggenheim, New York, exhibited a critical overview of the artist's work entitled, Richard Prince: Spiritual America. Richard Prince currently lives and works in New York.

 PRISSE D'AVESNES Emile (French, 1807-1879)  Bio

PRISSE D'AVESNES Emile (French, 1807-1879)

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

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 PYNE Ganesh (Indian ,b.1937)  Bio

PYNE Ganesh (Indian ,b.1937)

Ganesh Pyne was born in Calcutta in 1937. A shy introverted child, Pyne began sketching and doodling right from his childhood. After finishing school, he joined the Government College of Art & Craft in Calcutta. In 1959, he received his diploma in drawing and painting.Surprisingly he held his first solo exhibition as late as 1988 at The Village Gallery, New Delhi. From water colour, Pyne turned to gouache and then tempera since the mid-'60s. It is from this time onwards that his figuration and palette also changed. A skeletal element was introduced into the figures while animal showed their fangs and claws. They were portrayed either as predators or victims. Dark shadows dominated his canvases offset with the use of a golden umber. Along with six solo exhibitions in Calcutta, Kochi and New Delhi, he has been invited to the ‘World Youth Festival’, Prague-1968; Indian International Triennial, New Delhi-1968 & 71; Paris Biennial, Paris-1970; Exhibition in aid of Menuhin School of Music, Royal Academy of Arts, London-1970; International Festival of Art, Cagnes-sur-Mer-1975; ‘Modern Indian Painting’, Hirschhorn Museum, Washington DC-1982; ‘Contemporary Indian Art’, Festival of India, Royal Academy of Arts, London-1982; ‘Indische Kunst Heute’, Darmdstadt, Germany-1982 & 86; ‘Trends and Images’, CIMA Gallery, Calcutta-1993; ‘Chamatkar - Myth and Magic in Indian Art’, curated by CIMA Gallery, Whiteleys Art Gallery, London-1996; ‘Tryst with Destiny - Art from Modern India’, Singapore Art Museum, Singapore-1997; ‘Image beyond Image’ traveling exhibition of Indian paintings from the Glenbarra Art Museum, Himeji, Japan to New Delhi, Calcutta, Bangalore and Bombay-1997. Ganesh Pyne has rarely moved out of his private world of Calcutta.He says,"I was born and brought up in Calcutta. I had to accept the city as it was."

 QAJAR Moulded Pottery Tile  Bio

QAJAR Moulded Pottery Tile

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum.

Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections.

 QIANYU Ye (Chinese, 1907-1995)  Bio

QIANYU Ye (Chinese, 1907-1995)

Ye Qianyu (1907-1995) was born in Tonglu, Zhejiang Province and taught himself drawing in his youth. As a caricaturist, Ye was an influential figure in the Chinese arts scene. In the mid-1920s, he went to Shanghai and started to design commercial work, educational illustrations and stage props. In 1929, he started contributing his critical work to newspapers and journals. Ye joined Zhang Leping and others in 1935 in an anti-Japanese cartoon propaganda team. After 1949, he became Professor of Chinese painting at the Central Art Academy. In the late 1950s, Ye was branded a Rightist; from 1969-1975, he was imprisoned as a "Guomindang Spy". His name was cleared in 1978.

 QINGSONG Wang (Chinese,B. 1966)  Bio

QINGSONG Wang (Chinese,B. 1966)

Born in 1964, Wang Qingsong grew up in the Daqing oilfields in Heilongjiang Province in northeastern China, where his parents were employed. From a young age he set his sights on becoming an artist, although the path that he followed was hardly an easy one. When his father died in an oilfield accident and left his family without financial support, the 15-year-old boy immediately took his father’s old place on a drilling platform and worked there for the next eight years, while continuing to take art classes and to seek admission to China’s top art academies. Following his acceptance by the prestigious Sichuan Fine Arts Institute, Wang Qingsong trained as an oil painter, graduating in 1992. Determined to make his way as an independent artist, he arrived in Beijing in 1993, just as Chinese contemporary art was beginning to attract international attention. Wang Qingsong first won recognition as a painter in the mid-1990s through his membership in the Gaudy Art group, a movement influenced by the work of Jeff Koons and championed by China’s most influential art critic, Li Xianting. In 1997 he abandoned painting and took up photography, a medium that enabled him to quickly register and comment upon the economic and social changes that were sweeping China. His work has now appeared in more than 20 solo exhibitions and over 80 group exhibitions

 RAMOS PRADO Liz (Peru)  Bio

RAMOS PRADO Liz (Peru)

Liz Ramos-Prado is a Peruvian professional Graphic Artist living and working as an information graphic artist and illustrator in Dubai. Ramos–Prado moves from one medium to the other( pencils, acrylics, vectors, digital painting) it depends on the quality or feeling she wants to give in her illustrations. The themes of her personal illustrations are full of female characters, focused on feminism, beauty and on the exploration of personal reflections of life, but also produces conceptual illustrations which can depict social or political issues.

 RAZA S.H. (Indian, b.1922)  Bio

RAZA S.H. (Indian, b.1922)

Syed Haider Raza Alais S.H. Raza (born 22 February 1922)[1] is an eminent Indian artist who has lived and worked in France since 1950, but maintains strong ties with India. His works are mainly abstracts in oil or acrylic, with a very rich use of color, replete with icons from Indian cosmology as well as its philosophy.[2][3] He was awarded the Padma Shri and Fellowship of the Lalit Kala Akademi[4] in 1981 and Padma Bhushan in 2007.[5] He became India's priciest modern artist on June 10, 2010 when a seminal work, 'Saurashtra' by the 88-year-old sold for Rs 16.42 crore ($3,486,965) at a Christie's auction. Syed Haider Raza was born in Babaria,[6] Mandla district, Madhya Pradesh, to Sayed Mohammed Razi, the Deputy Forest Ranger of the district and Tahira Begum,[7][8] and it was here that he spent his early years and took to drawing at age 12; before moving to Damoh also in Madhya Pradesh at 13,[9] where he completed his school education from Government High School, Damoh.[10] After his high school, he studied further at the Nagpur School of Art, Nagpur (1939–43), followed by Sir J. J. School of Art, Bombay (1943–47),[11] before moving to France in October 1950 to study at the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts (ENSB-A) in Paris, 1950-1953 on a Govt. of France scholarship.[12] After his studies, he travelled across Europe, and continued to live and exhibit his work in Paris.[10] He was later awarded the Prix de la critique in Paris in 1956, becoming the first non-French artist to receive the honour.[13] By the 1970s Raza had grown increasingly unhappy and restless with his own work and wanted to find a new direction and deeper authenticity in his work, and move away from what he called the 'plastic art'. His trips to India, especially to caves of Ajanta - Ellora, followed by those Benaras, Gujarat and Rajasthan, made him realise his roots and study Indian culture more closely, the result was 'Bindu',[19] which signified his rebirth as a painter.[20] The Bindu came forth in 1980, and took his work deeper and brought in, his new-found Indian vision and Indian ethnography. One of the reasons he attributes to the origin of the 'Bindu', have been his elementary school teacher, who on finding him lacking adequate concentration, drew a dot on the blackboard and asked him to concentrate on it.[21] After the introduction of 'Bindu' (a point or the source of energy), he added newer dimensions to his thematic oeuvre in the following decades, with the inclusion of themes around the Tribhuj (Triangle), which bolstered Indian concepts of space and time, as well as that of 'prakriti-purusha' (the female and the male energy), his transformation from a expressionist to a master of abstraction and profundity, was complete.[15] “ "My work is my own inner experience and involvement with the mysteries of nature and form which is expressed in colour, line, space and light". - S. H. Raza ” The unique energy vibrating with colour in his early landscapes are now more subtle but equally, if not more, dynamic. Raza abandoned the expressionistic landscape for a geometric abstraction and the 'Bindu'.[4] Raza perceives the Bindu as the center of creation and existence progressing towards forms and colour as well as energy, sound, space and time. His work took another leap in 2000, when he began to express his increasingly deepened insights and thoughts on Indian spiritual, and created works around the Kundalini, Nagas and the Mahabharat.[19] Raza’s runes: visions of the self By Swapna Vora (click on the small image for full screen image with captions.) Sayed Haider Raza’s paintings with herringbone triangles, blue moons, licks of flame and inner vistas trigger transcendental experiences. India’s beloved Raza was born in central India and grew up among forests. Madhya Pradesh is far from the sea, it has hills, but not great mountains, and most of all it has had tribal princes and long waves of peace. As a child, Raza must have seen nocturnal wild creatures padding softly and dark birds flitting through damp jungles and dry forests and his early work was mainly landscapes. It was later, much later, that his handprint, or dare I say, pugmark became the ‘bindu’. Bindu is the sparkling, infinitesimal dot, the spark, the blue pearl from which worlds, (and Raza’s universe), unfurl and into which they curl back. And from bindu, says Hindu religious thought, came energy and time and space, perhaps the first light followed by the first sound. Hindus often use the bindu to assist concentration and Raza too, as a child, was asked by his teacher to look at a dot on a wall. This helped the child’s distracted mind and presumably he never forgot its impact. Great discerning minds and creative talent want to know things, they feel ideas, taste cool voyages and touch spirit. They say softly to themselves: Where did I come from, will I, someday, know what this was all about? Indians often ponder: Is this all there is to life? How does one measure magic, alchemy? How does one tell tales of contemplation, of silence? Raza seems to be on this quest, introspective and ultimately joyful for the hero’s quest is always for permanent bliss. His work represents the origins of life and symbols which tribal painters and highly sophisticated Indian philosophers have drawn, pondered and mulled over for millennia. His works resonate like modern tantric tankhas, inducing wonder, joy and meditation in the viewer. For me, this is not mere peace but vibration, the throb, the spanda and a peaceful, grateful homecoming to Kashmiri Shiv darshan, a glimpse of Shiv in the triangles, the points, the ascent and descent of grace. Yes, there are miracles of creation, destruction, preservation, everyone knows those. The other two miracles that Raza has are control and grace. All we can be assured of is that there is a still small point which begins and ends and begins again and which will ‘Breathe through the heat of our desire, … speak through the earthquake, wind and fire, oh, still small voice of calm’. Yes, seeing his work in silence, makes me want to bow my head and pray and slowly experience other vibrations, other dimensions. Small irregular temples, with darkened holy of holies, made long before there were religions, should hold his paintings. Perhaps these are the earliest symbols: triangles, man-woman, god, grace from man to God and back again, the six pointed stars, the vishuddh chakra. These ongoing depictions of reality streaming from Raza, need new and not so new temples, with scrolls for contemplation, and walls of carefully painted blues in flames for they induce a joyous peace and insight, when all is well and there are no more words. Rather than in a rich home, a far off cold gallery, his work would be best, to my mind, in a stone temple for us to contemplate and return peacefully downhill from a yatra, a pilgrimage. In the beginning was the dot, the unspoken sound, the unfelt, unseen vibration and we, the gods, began in a spot of light, and evolved into this wondrous universe and ended back in a dot of dust, a sparkling silence. A journey which all of us take, sometimes with a talisman, sometimes fearful and alone, and sometimes tranquil and contemplative. Like the Magi, like SH Raza. His Indian canvases and the early French ones were realistic, like the visible world, resembling what most of us see daily. Later he saw and painted the bindu and still later entered a white period. His primary colors of fire and the sea are the color of outer space, dark blue and yellow wherever light has become matter. Like most Indian travelers, Raza moves comfortably and familiarly between east and west, for we tend to see most other places simply as extensions of our home and ourselves. Raza's "Cityscape" (1946) and "Baramulla in Ruins" (1948) show his sorrow and anguish over the partition of Hindustan and the suffering of Muslims in Mumbai during the riots. To be a minority, to be vulnerable and watchful, is something many the world over live with daily. Raza’s painting show towns bereft of people, voids populated by buildings and no bird sings. Lonely cityscapes, peopled perhaps by ghosts, soundlessly ask dead skeletons: Tell me now, are you still a Muslim? Are you still a Hindu? He has spoken of our collective anguish during and after Partition, "On the one side there was a national tragedy. As personal history for my family, these critical years of 1947 to 1948 were those of tragedy and separation. In July 1947 my mother passed away in my house in Bombay; early in the next year in 1948, my father died in Mandla. Linked with this period of riots and killings and hatred there was my private history and my personal sense of loss." (quoted from Geeti Sen in Bindu, Space and Time in Raza's Vision). His paintings of Paris "Black Sun" (1953), "Haut de Cagnes" (1951) have close clusters of homes and workplaces, hot, uncomfortable and lonely. France taught him techniques and gave him space. However his work is, was and continues to be remains distinctly Indian. His new works over the years, show the spirit’s lunar and solarscape, the eternal round, the spots, triangles and induce contemplation, serenity, tongues of flame. Always one knows, remembers pralaya, and that everyday is perhaps judgment day. Syed Haider Raza’s art was rooted in the twenties, a time when Hindustan had been colonized, was totally impoverished and people yearned for freedom. Artists were tired of being told that Victorian ways and the Slade school were the correct path for them. With tribal symbols, dreams of Paris, philosophies of freedom and colors, Raza and others in the Progressive Arts Group shuffled off colonial gallows and gave birth to modern Indian art. Ancient techniques and symbols, scorned by the British, were once again surfacing and shaping India’s artists. France was valued as a teacher of technique. S H Raza travels to India regularly to remember and drink again India and its life, its many lives. For most Indians, mainstream Hindu ideas and Muslim beliefs are everyday aspects of faith and reality, one is not alien to the other. Hence Muslims like Raza, Husain, Ghulam Rasool Santosh use Hindu symbols fluently and naturally, it is what they experienced daily. There are no strangers here or foreign issues, simply shared knowledge. Raza spent one summer teaching in California and saw the lively delight of Pollack and the mysterious works of Rothko. However one searches in vain for any discernible influence.

 RAZY Louise ( French)  Bio

RAZY Louise ( French)

Between architecture and history of art, Louise Razy chooses history and art. She travels many times in Greece to study archaeology particularly the atheism’s mysteries. Few years later she works on TV, movie maker and computer graphic designer. She fined the way to mix technical and artistic talents. After she started photography with top models and travelled all around the world to make photo reports about cities, landscapes and people in more than 50 different countries. Louise Razy L.S. knows how to capture the human diversity, men and women.

 Rerikh Nikolai (Russian, 1874-1947)  Bio

Rerikh Nikolai (Russian, 1874-1947)

Nicholas Roerich, also known as Nikolai Konstantinovich Rerikh was a Russian mystic, painter, philosopher, scientist, writer, traveler, and public figure.[1] A prolific artist, he created thousands of paintings (many of them are exhibited in well-known museums of the world) and about 30 literary works. Roerich was an author and initiator of an international pact for the protection of artistic and academic institutions and historical sites (Roerich's Pact) and a founder of an international movement for the defence of culture. Roerich earned several nominations for the Nobel Prize.

 RONIS Willy (French,1910&#65533;2009)  Bio

RONIS Willy (French,1910&#65533;2009)

Ronis was born in Paris,on August 14, 1910. He was a French photographer, the best-known of whose work shows life in post-war Paris and Provence. his father was a Jewish refugee from Odessa, and his mother was a refugee from Lithuania, both escaped from the pogroms. His father opened a photography studio in Montmartre, and his mother gave piano lesson. The boy's early interest was music and he hoped to become a composer. Returning from compulsory military service in 1932, his violin studies were put on hold because his father's cancer required Ronis to take over the family portrait business; Ronis' passion for music has been observed in his photographs. His father died in 1936, whereupon the business collapsed and Ronis went freelance, his first photographs being published in Regards. In 1937 he met David Szymin and Robert Capa, and did his first work for Plaisir de France; in 1938&#65533;39 he reported on a strike at Citroën and traveled in the Balkans. With Cartier-Bresson, Ronis belonged to Association des Écrivains et Artistes Révolutionnaires, and remained a man of the left. Ronis died at age 99, on September 12, 2009.

 RONIS Willy (French,1910–2009)  Bio

RONIS Willy (French,1910–2009)

Ronis was born in Paris,on August 14, 1910. He was a French photographer, the best-known of whose work shows life in post-war Paris and Provence. his father was a Jewish refugee from Odessa, and his mother was a refugee from Lithuania, both escaped from the pogroms. His father opened a photography studio in Montmartre, and his mother gave piano lesson. The boy's early interest was music and he hoped to become a composer. Returning from compulsory military service in 1932, his violin studies were put on hold because his father's cancer required Ronis to take over the family portrait business; Ronis' passion for music has been observed in his photographs. His father died in 1936, whereupon the business collapsed and Ronis went freelance, his first photographs being published in Regards. In 1937 he met David Szymin and Robert Capa, and did his first work for Plaisir de France; in 1938–39 he reported on a strike at Citroën and traveled in the Balkans. With Cartier-Bresson, Ronis belonged to Association des Écrivains et Artistes Révolutionnaires, and remained a man of the left. Ronis died at age 99, on September 12, 2009.

 ROSENVINGE Odin (British, 1880-1957)  Bio

ROSENVINGE Odin (British, 1880-1957)

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum.

Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections.

 ROSTOVSKY Valery (Russian, b. 1947)  Bio

ROSTOVSKY Valery (Russian, b. 1947)

Graduation from Ukriane Institute of poligraphy degree in graphic painting. Member of the Painters Guild of the USSR, RuSSIA,UKRAINE. Painting of Valery Rostovsky are exhibited in more than 2o museums of former USSR, are owned by the Painters Guild of Russia, Painters Giuld of Ukraine,Russian Ministry of Culture, Ukranian Ministry of Culture, such galleries as Sharaton Gallery(Turkey), Gold Star Gallery (USA), Grigorakis and Kardashidi Galleries(Greece), were acquired by private collectors in Russia,Ukraine,USA,Canada,England,France,Italy,Germany,Greece,Cyprus,Belgium,Norway,Turkey,Syria,Mexico,Japan and China,U.A.E..

 ROY Jamini (Bengali/Indian,1887-1972)  Bio

ROY Jamini (Bengali/Indian,1887-1972)

Jamini Roy was born in 1887 into a middle-class family of land-owners in a village called Beliatore in the District of Bankura in Bengal . When he was sixteen he was sent to study at the Government School of Art in Calcutta. He was taught to paint in the prevailing academic tradition drawing Classical nudes and painting in oils and in 1908 he received his Diploma in Fine Art. However, he soon realised that he needed to draw inspiration, not from Western traditions, but from his own culture, and so he looked to the living folk and tribal art for inspiration. He was most influenced by the Kalighat Pat, with its bold sweeping brush-strokes. He moved away from his earlier impressionist landscapes and portraits and between 1921 and 1924 began his first period of experimentation with the Santhal dance as his starting point. His new style was both a reaction against the Bengal School and the Western tradition. His underlying quest was threefold to capture the essence of simplicity embodied in the life of the folk people; to make art accessible to a wider section of people; and to give Indian art its own identity. He was awarded the Padma Bhusan in 1954. His work has been exhibited extensively in international exhibitions and can be found in many private and public collections such as the Victoria and Albert Museum, London. He spent most of his life living and working in Calcutta. Initially he experimented with Kalighat paintings but found that it has ceased to be strictly a "patua" and went to learn from village patuas. Consequently his techniques as well as subject matter was influenced by traditional art of Bengal. He preferred himself to be called a patua. Jamini Roy died in 1972 .He was survived by four sons and a daughter.Currently his successors(daughter-in -laws and grand children and their children) stay at the home he had built in Ballygunge Place,Kolkata.His works can be found in various galleries across the globe as well as in his home. In 1934, he received a Viceroy's gold medal in an all India exhibition for one of his work. In 1954 he was awarded the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India. In 1929 while inaugurating Roy's exhibition sponsored by Mukul Dey at Calcutta, the then Statesman Editor Sir Alfred Watson said: "....Those who study the various pictures will be able to trace the development of the mind of an artist constantly seeking his own mode of expression. His earlier work done under purely Western influence and consisting largely of small copies of larger works must be regarded as the exercises of one learning to use the tools of his craft competently and never quite at ease with his models. From this phase we see him gradually breaking away to a style of his own, moulded by many influences, but ultimately resulting in a treatment of mass and line which is almost Egyptian in its outlook. There is a primitive force, perhaps yet not quite sure of itself, but consciously striving to break into individual expression. You must judge for yourselves how far Mr. Roy has been able to achieve the ends at which he is obviously aiming. His work will repay study. I see in it as I see in much of the painting in India today a real endeavour to recover a national art that shall be free from the sophisticated tradition of other countries, which have had a continuous art history. The work of those who are endeavouring to revive Indian art is commonly not appreciated in its true significance. It is sometimes assumed that revival means no more than a return to the methods and traditions of the past. That would be to create a school of copyists without visions and ideals of their own. From the point of view of art it would be a wholly worthless endeavour — a thing of no significance. Art to deserve the name must be living and expanding. Upon the minds of its exponents must be beating the illumination of all the ages. Whatever direction Indian art may take in the future it cannot, if it is to have value, go wholly back to the past any more than it can become merely imitative of the Western outlook. It must have a vision of its own. All Indian art today is in the stage of experiment. Its exponents are seeking some firm ground on which they can stand, and they are seeking it by numerous paths. It is that fact which makes the present period so intensely interesting to the student of art. Failures there must be, but any day may emerge the man who is to set Indian art on the road of high accomplishment. ....Art in any form cannot progress without encouragement. The artist must live and he must live by the sale of his work. In India as elsewhere the days when the churches and the princes were the patrons of art have passed. Encouragement today must come from a wider circle. I would say to those who have money to spare buy Indian art with courage. You may obtain some things of little worth; you may, on the other hand, acquire cheaply something that is destined to have great value. What does it matter whether you make mistakes or not. By encouraging those who are striving to give in line and colour a fresh expression to Indian thought you are helping forward a movement that we all hope is destined to add a fresh lustre to the country."

 Rudolf Ernst(Austrian,1854 - 1932)  Bio

Rudolf Ernst(Austrian,1854 - 1932)

1854 born in Vienna, the son of the architectural painter Leopold Ernst. 1869 joined the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna at the age of 15 1874 traveled to Rome to study the representation of Italian landscapes and classical romantic figures prior to 1885 painting mainly portraits, images of children and genre scenes. 1885 started to create orientalist paintings, paintings for which achieved great fame as an artist. 1885 traveled through the Middle East, visiting Morocco, Spain and Turkey. 1872The Favorite 1876 Ernst decided to settle in Paris where he would exhibit at the Salon des Artistes Francais for the following six decades, befriending Ludwig Deutsch. He eventually also became a French citizen. 1877 he exhibited for the first time in the Hall of French Artists in Paris. 1932 died in Fontenau aux Roses

 RUSAKOV Vitaly "aka Mizer" (Russian)  Bio

RUSAKOV Vitaly "aka Mizer" (Russian)

Vitaly Rusakov is a young Russian artist known for his works in Ekaterinbourg, a Ural city on the frontier with Asia and Europe where he was born in 1985. Selected in 2007 by the Montresso Foundation, he currently works on subject matter that is reminiscent of Russia’s past. His latest works of the series LENIN STORY, GOOD BYE LENIN, I LOVE LENIN, & PAPA KPSS art seeing artist’s reputation grow and frequently found alongside the greats of Street Art.

 Russian School  Bio

Russian School

 SABZI Mahmoud (Iranian, B.1955)  Bio

SABZI Mahmoud (Iranian, B.1955)

 SADEQUAIN Syed (Pakistan,1937-1987)  Bio

SADEQUAIN Syed (Pakistan,1937-1987)

Sadequain was born in 1937, descending from a family of calligraphers. He was responsible for the renaissance of Islamic Calligraphy in Pakistan. He was one of the greatest calligraphers of his time who transformed the art of calligraphy into eye-catching expressionist paintings. Sadequain was a master muralist and his murals adorn the halls at State Bank of Pakistan, Power House at the Mangla Dam, Lahore Museum, Aligarh Muslim University, Banaras Hindu University, Geological Institute of India, just to name a few. After Sadequain transformed the art of calligraphy into a mainstream art form, most of the known Pakistani artists followed Sadequain, and calligraphic art now dominates the art scene. Sadequain also painted in bold form the poetic verses of Ghalib, Iqbal and Faiz, which illustrate his love for classical literature. He belonged to the school of thought which enriched realism with lyricism. Sadequain wrote thousand of quartets and published them. Sadequain is the only painter who has been copied openly and widely by many painters and even the copies fetch large sums to the copiers, an irony since the artist himself hardly ever sold his works in spite of offers coming from royals and the common public. For example, his masterpiece rendition of Sureh-e-Rehman

 SAEED AL BAGHALI Fatima(Emirate, B.1974)  Bio

SAEED AL BAGHALI Fatima(Emirate, B.1974)

 SAFATZADEH Sepdeh (Iran)  Bio

SAFATZADEH Sepdeh (Iran)

 SALAUN Gwenael (French)  Bio

SALAUN Gwenael (French)

Born in 1960 , lives and works in Morlaix (Brittany). After exhibitions in Paris, London, Bruxelles, Amsterdam,and NY, Gwenael Salaun brings his art works to the Middle East for the first time. Salaun will exclusively show his works at ProArt Gallery in Dubai, consisting of 13 original works to be shown on canvas and paper. Originally a DJ by trade, Salaun never really left his clubbing heydays, his artwork has all the markings of a DJ's rhythmic mixing and sampling with images being distorted, juxtaposed and assimilated into a hazy blur of media. It’s a celebration of chaos.

 SAMRA Faisal (Saudi Arabian, B. 1955)  Bio

SAMRA Faisal (Saudi Arabian, B. 1955)

 SANJARI Setareh (Iran)  Bio

SANJARI Setareh (Iran)

 SANRA Faisal (Saudi, b.1955)  Bio

SANRA Faisal (Saudi, b.1955)

 SARKIS Lysa (French/Lebanese)  Bio

SARKIS Lysa (French/Lebanese)

Lysa Sarkis is a French- Lebanese artist whose nationalities inpire her vibrantly colourful creations with a hint of pure energy. After an encouraging start during amateur exhibitions in the South of France, her artistic activity has become more professional when she presents her work to the jury of confirmed painters at the « Salon du Dessin et de la Peinture à l&#65533;Eau » : Drawing and Watercolor Fair. The selection comittee choosed one of her paintings for the Art in Capital event that took place in the nave of the Grand Palais in Paris in November 2012. Then, all went very quickly. A Parisian gallery has allowed her to display the year long and through a partnership with foreign galleries to get exhibitions in New York, London and Miami in 2013. She exposed since June 2013 in ProArt Gallery Dubaï. That same year, two Indian galleries situated in Bangalore, have asked her personal exhibitions to be held in 2014. Lysa Sarkis&#65533;s artworks will be exhibited at the Grand palais in Paris during the Art in Capital Fair 2013 as well as in the Champs Elysées during the « Salon d&#65533;Automne 2013 » : the 2013 Autumn Fair. Lysa Sarkis is a member of the Taylor Foundation and the Academy of Arts &#65533; Humanities and Letters.

 SBARAGLI Mateo (Italian, b.1980)  Bio

SBARAGLI Mateo (Italian, b.1980)

Matteo Sbaragli was born in 1980. He lives and works in Forli, not to far from Bologne. He graduated of Art School in 2006 and the same year created the group “Mandra” with his friends. His subjects are in almost exclusive way big portraits which occupy the totality of the surface. These last ones are realized on patches of aluminium or of leton. Of his portraits emanate a real expressiveness. Mateo Sbaragli looks for a constant balance between reality and immaginary. “I inspire myself very often of a simple photography, the most commonplace possible. It is not the subject which has to have a strength in itself but the painting”.

 SCHREYER Adolf (German,1828-1899)  Bio

SCHREYER Adolf (German,1828-1899)

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum.

Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections.

 SEGUI Antonio (Argentin,b.1934)  Bio

SEGUI Antonio (Argentin,b.1934)

Antonio Seguí (Spanish pronunciation: [se&#712;&#611;i]; b. Córdoba, Argentina, January 11, 1934) is an Argentine painter and printmaker. Seguí is the oldest son of a middle-class and has three siblings. In the years from 1951 to 1954 he traveled through Europe and Africa, was visiting student at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid and at the École nationale supérieure des beaux-arts in Paris, where he studied painting and sculpture. After his return Argentina, he became member of the editorial staff of the journal Orientación. In 1957 he had his first single single exhibition in Argentina. He traveled through South and Central American countries and studied printmaking in Mexico. In 1961 he returned to his home country, and moved to Paris in 1963, where he lives and works today. He participated in several group and single exhibitions.[1]

 SHAHEEN Sureraya (Arabo-American)  Bio

SHAHEEN Sureraya (Arabo-American)

Born in Beirut, Sueraya received her BFA from the Corcoran School of Art in Washington, D.C. There she interned for the Sr. White House photographer Dirck Halstead assisting him on the 24hrs in Cyberspace project. Photojournalistic credits include Dharamsala:Tibet's Last Stand, Journeyman Pictures(UK) and the Bologna Book Fair's award winning(First Place non-fiction) Caught in the Crossfire: Growing Up in a War Zone; Walker & Co. Press(NYC). Ms. Shaheen's assignments include work on five continents and her photographs have been exhibited in Washington, D.C. & New York art galleries and featured in numerous national and international publications including the Washington Review, Al-Hayat, the American Literary Magazine, the Financial Times, and New Woman(UK), currently she is a staff photographer with ARTiculate Contemporary Art Review.

 SHAHINIAN Nairy (American/Syrian, B.1984)  Bio

SHAHINIAN Nairy (American/Syrian, B.1984)

 SHAHN Ben (Lituanian/American 1898-1969)  Bio

SHAHN Ben (Lituanian/American 1898-1969)

Ben Shahn was born in Kaunus, Lithuania in 1898. He emigrated to New York with his family in 1906. He became a lithographer's apprentice after completing his schooling. He later attended both New York University and the National Academy of Design from 1917 to 1921. In the 1920s Shahn became part of the social realism movement. Social Realism is a term used to describe the works of American artists during the Depression era who were devoted to depicting the social troubles of the suffering urban lower class: urban decay, labor strikes, and poverty. His early work was concerned with political issues of the time, while his later work portrayed the loneliness of the city dweller. Text and lettering formed an integral part of his designs and his work was often inspired by news reports. After working in lithography until 1930, his style crystallized in a series of 23 paintings concerning the Sacco-Vanzetti trial. Shahn came to prominence in the 1930s as with "The Passion of Sacco and Vanzetti". Shahn dealt consistently with social and political themes. He developed a strong and brilliant sense of graphic design revealed in numerous posters. His painting Vacant Lot (Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, Conn.) exhibits a poetic realism, whereas his more abstract works are characterized by terse, incisive lines and a lyric ic intensity of color. The Blind Botanist (Wichita Art Mus.) is characteristic of his abstractions. Shahn's murals include series for the Bronx Central Annex Post Office, New York City. From 1933 to 1938 he worked as a photographer for the Farm Security Administration, producing masterful images of impoverished rural areas and their inhabitants. Shahn used photographs throughout his career for both composition and content. The photographer position at the FSA was a dream job for Shahn because it provided him the opportunity to travel though Depression-era America taking pictures. He later used those photographs for his paintings years later. Critics in his time felt that using photographs for paintings diminished the value of a painting. However, Shahn's work became the most popular artist of his age. His work was on the cover of Time and well as the Museum of Modern Art. Shahn has been described as a man of uncompromising beliefs and an artist who spoke to the world. Shahn continuously adopted new themes and mediums to define the human condition of his time. Active until the end of his career, Shahn was also a distinguished lecturer, teacher, and writer.

 SHAKALOV Vyacheslav(Ukranian, 1957-2006)  Bio

SHAKALOV Vyacheslav(Ukranian, 1957-2006)

 SHARAJAHAN Rozita (Iranian, b. 1962)  Bio

SHARAJAHAN Rozita (Iranian, b. 1962)

 SHENG QI (Chinese b.1965)  Bio

SHENG QI (Chinese b.1965)

For the past twenty years, Sheng Qi has been creating remarkable works of art in diverse mediums. A prevelant theme in his work has been the study of the body, body language and its culture. When he left Beijing in 1989, he cut off the little finger from his left hand and buried it in a flower pot. Sheng Qi graduated from Central St Martins College of Art and Design in London and returned to Beijing in 1998. Since returning, he has been selected to participate in the Nippon International Performance Festival and the recent International Center of Photography show, Between Past and Future, where his photographic work was selected for the cover of the exhibition catalog. Sheng Qi is represented by Wiegersma Fine Art, Brussels, Belgium and F2 Gallery, Beijing, China

 SHEVCHENKO Aleksander V.  Bio

SHEVCHENKO Aleksander V.

Russian painter of Ukrainian birth. He studied at the Stroganov School in Moscow (1895–1905 and 1907) and in Paris (1905–6) with Eugène Carrière and at the Académie Julian under Etienne Dinet (b 1861) and Jean-Paul Laurens. From 1907 to 1909 he attended the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, but protested against the traditional methods of teaching and was expelled. Between 1910 and 1914 he joined the circle around Mikhail Larionov and produced a number of paintings in the Rayist style in 1913 and 1914. In his book Neo-Primitivizm (1913) he propounded his own version of modern painting (see NEO-PRIMITIVISM), which combined influences from Cézanne, Cubism, Futurism and popular Russian art forms. After leaving the army he became Professor of Painting at the first Svomas in Moscow (1918–20) and then at Vkhutemas (1920–29). Together with Aleksandr Rodchenko, Boris Korolyov (1885–1963) and a group of architects, he was a member of the experimental commission on the synthesis of painting, sculpture and architecture, Zhivskul’ptarkh (1919–20); at the same time, he was involved in the organization of the Museum of Artistic Culture in Moscow. With a group of his pupils he organized a series of exhibitions in Moscow under the titles Tsvetodinamos i tektonicheskiy primitivizm (‘Tsvetodinamos (colour dynamism) and tectonic primitivism’; 1919) and Tsekh zhivopistsev (‘The guild of painters’; 1926–30), and from 1922 to 1926 he was a member of the Makovets group of Symbolist painters. A one-man exhibition in the Tret’yakov Gallery in Moscow contributed to Shevchenko’s authoritative position in the artistic life of the 1920s.

 SHIRAZI Ali (Iranian, b. 1960)  Bio

SHIRAZI Ali (Iranian, b. 1960)

 SHOGHI Mehrdad (Iranian, b. 1972)  Bio

SHOGHI Mehrdad (Iranian, b. 1972)

Biography EDUCATION • 1998 BA Graphic Design, Azad University, Tehran • 1990-1996 Study Traditional Persian Painting, Illumination, Restoration under the guidance of a very few last Traditional Art Masters such as Aydin Aghdashloo & Biuk Ahmari • 989 Calligraphy Diploma, Academy of Traditional Persian Calligraphy, Tehran SOLO EXHIBITIONS • 2009 Solo Exhibition, "Between the Lines", The Gallery in Cork Street, London, England • 2002 Solo Exhibition, Boushehri Gallery, Kuwait • 2002 Solo Exhibition, Aryan Gallery, Tehran • 2002 Solo Exhibition, Asar Art Gallery, Tehran • 2000 Solo Exhibition, Boushehri Gallery, Kuwait • 2000 Solo Exhibition, “Mehr Script”, Reza Abbasi Museum, Tehran • 1999 Solo Exhibition, Iranian Club, Dubai SELECTED GROUP EXHIBITIONS • 2011 "International Photography Art", Bonham’s, Dubai • 2011 "Two Persians", Art Square Gallery, Toronto • 2011 "IBS Persian Art Group Exhibition", London, England • 2010 “Modern & Contemporary Middle Eastern Art”, Bonham’s, Dubai • 2010 "Iranian Artists Group", Arta Gallery, Toronto • 2010 "IHF Persian Art Group Exhibition", London, England • 2010 "Norouz Group Show", Queen Gallery, Toronto • 2009 "Fly with the cage", Lennox Contemporary Art, Toronto • 2009 "Modern & Contemporary Middle Eastern Art", Bonham’s, Dubai • 2008 "Second Tehran Art Expo", Tehran, Iran • 2008 "Tirgan", Harbourfront Centre, Toronto • 2006 "Under the Azure Dome" , Harbourfront Centre, Toronto • 2004 "Toronto outdoor art exhibition", Toronto • 2004 "A Passage to East ", Arta Gallery, Toronto • 2004 "To Assist the children of Bam Earthquake", Arta Gallery, Toronto • 2003 "A Spiritual Vision", Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Tehran • 2003 Courtyard Gallery, Dubai • 2003 Fine Art Centre Chankaya City hall, Ankara, Turkey • 2002 Ziba Art Gallery, Vancouver • 2002 "International Conference on Calligraphy of the Islamic World", Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Tehran • 2002 Royal Mirage, Dubai • 2001 Le Palais Oriental, Montreaux, Switzerland • 2001 "Calligraphy", Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Tehran • 1999 “Second Mehr-e-Jan Festival”, Dubai • 1997 “Third Biennial of Iranian Painting”, Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Tehran Winning the award for “Gol-o-morgh” and receiving the Honour Diploma. • 1994 “Second Nationwide Arts Exhibition of University Students”, Tehran Museum of Contemporary Arts, winning the award for Restoration and Illumination PUBLIC COLLECTIONS • 2011 British Museum, London, England • 2002 Imam Ali Museum of Art, Tehran, Iran • 2001 Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Tehran, Iran • 2000 Reza Abbasi Museum, Tehran, Iran

 SOUZA F.N. (Indian , 1924-2002)  Bio

SOUZA F.N. (Indian , 1924-2002)

(born April 12, 1924 in Goa, India; died March 28, 2002 in Bombay, India). Born in the Portuguese Catholic community of Goa, Francis Newton Souza was raised by his mother, a dressmaker. He attended the Sir J.J. School of Art in Mumbai, but was expelled in 1942 for supporting the Quit India Movement. In 1947, together with Syed Haider Raza, he founded the Bombay Progressive Artists’ Group to encourage young Indian artists to become part of the international avant-garde movement. After India gained its independence from Britain in 1949, Souza moved to London, where he got his first major exposure when the Institute of Contemporary Art included his work in a 1954 exhibition. Souza’s artistic style remained consistent across his career- rooted in Expressionism, but heavily influenced both by Art Brut and Neo-Romanticism. Subject-wise, Souza’s work focused on female nudes and Christian imagery, but also included still-lifes and landscapes. He moved to New York in 1967, where he continued to reside until shortly before his death, when he returned to his home in Mumbai

 SPEEDY GRAPHITO (French, b. 1961)  Bio

SPEEDY GRAPHITO (French, b. 1961)

Olivier Rizzo alias Speedy Graphito born in Paris in 1961. He was one of the pioneers of the French ‘Street art’ movement alongside others like Jérôme Mesnager, Miss Tic… By imposing a powerful, innovative style in the early ’80s, Speedy has left his mark on the collective memory of a whole generation. And he hasn’t stopped evolving since, always in step with his times, by inventing pictorial languages and codes that are iconoclastic and satirical of our society. His art is part of life itself. His canvasses recount his own story, his encounters, his questioning — a world that he invents for himself as he constructs it. His style telescopes graphic universes drawn from popular culture. His work has today become a reference. He is generally looked on as an icon, and his influence on the new generations of artists and current cultural landscape is no longer in doubt. He takes part in a great many events, like Jean-Michel Jarre’s concert at la Défense, the graphic identity of the Halle Saint Pierre, and the logo for the Altair space mission. His works are to be found in private and public collections, and are present in France, Belgium, Los Angeles, and Dubai, among others.

 SPIELMANN Oscar (Czech, 1901-1975)  Bio

SPIELMANN Oscar (Czech, 1901-1975)

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum.

Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections.

 STEINLEN Theophile (Swiss, 1859-1923)  Bio

STEINLEN Theophile (Swiss, 1859-1923)

Swiss-born French painter, Theophile Alexandre Steinlen, was one of the leaders in poster art that depicted Parisian life during the Belle Epoque. His great love for cats (regarded by many as the symbol of poetry) became a trademark associated with the repeated presence of cats in many of his posters. Theophile Alexandre Steinlen was born in Lausanne, Switzerland, November 10th 1859. Encouraged to become a pastor, his parents enrolled him at the Académie de Lausanne where he studied literature and philosophy. In 1879, he dropped out of school and was hired as a designer at a textile mill in Mulhouse, Eastern France. Francois-Louis David Bocion, his tutor at the university, knew of his drawing talent and encouraged him to move to the Montmartre district of Paris where he could devote his time to drawing professionally. In 1882, he moved to the centre of the art community where he continued to develop his skills as a painter. Steinlen began to hang out at the Chat Noir, a cabaret frequented by the avant-garde artists. Rodolphe Salis (owner of the Chat Noir) introduced him to local artists, poets and performers such as writer Emile Zola, Jean Richepin and Toulouse-Lautrec. He soon became the illustrator of the club’s satirical and humorous journal, Chat Noir. His association with Adolphe Willette introduced him to potential patrons who were interested in poster art to promote their businesses. Between 1883 and 1920, he shuffled between commercial poster art and more serious contributions that gave a voice to social concerns by creating illustrations for publications such as: Mirliton, Assiette au Beurre and Gil Glas. Theophile Alexandre Steinlen often used pseudonyms, such as Treelan and Pierre, to avoid the criticism incited by his portrayal of the less glamorous part of Paris society and the underlying social realities of the day. ‘Le locataire’ (1913), an example of his controversial work, depicts the poverty and despair of the working classes in turn-of-the-century Paris. Steinlen created theatrical and cabaret posters that featured local performers, including French singer Yvette Guilbert who preferred his portrayal to the version done by Toulouse-Lautrec. To add to his credit, the artist designed sheet music covers, as well as book illustrations including Guy de Maupassant’s ‘Le Vagabond’ and Anatole France’s ‘L’affaire Crainquebille’. In the early 1890s, Steinlen’s works were exhibited amongst landscapes, nudes, portraits, and floral subjects at the Salon des Indépendants. In 1909, the Salon d’Automne featured his work in a separate room that was devoted solely to his accomplishments. Theophile Alexandre Steinlen’s life-long fondness for felines incited popular paintings and sculptures such as ‘An angora in Bronze’ and ‘Tournée du Chat Noir’ (1896). He died December 13th 1923, and was buried in the Cimetière Saint-Vincent in Montmartre.

 Sterenberg David Petrovich(Russian, 1881-1948)  Bio

Sterenberg David Petrovich(Russian, 1881-1948)

 STETTNER Louis (American, b.1922-)  Bio

STETTNER Louis (American, b.1922-)

Louis Stettner ( born in 1922 ) is a celebrated American photographer whose work includes iconic images of Paris and New York. He was born and raised in Brooklyn, New York but moved to Paris in the 1950s, where he now lives permanently with his family. Louis has photographed Paris and New York for over 60 years, capturing the changes in the people, culture, and architecture of both cities. Using both black and white and color images, his work documents fleeting moments in the life of the cities, moments that often cannot be recaptured. His work has an unforced naturalistic quality to it, as he sought to capture the ordinary, everyday lives of his subjects. He was particularly interested in documenting the lives of the working class in each city and he demonstrates much sensitivity in this endeavor, photographing them with great dignity. A limited amount of his work is devoted to still life and landscape images. Additionally, his paintings and sculptures tend to be abstract and in sharp contrast to his clear, vivid photographic images. Stettner visited Stieglitz's gallery - An American Place - but was too scared to speak to him. After sending Stieglitz photographs, Stieglitz sent him a handwritten letter of thanks which Stettner cherished. A little later, Stettner visited Paul Strand, who supported his artistic endeavors and encouraged him to continue photography. Later in Paris the two men became friends. Now in his 80s, he continues to photograph with great energy. Stettner also spends significant time sculpting and painting, as well as mixing his work and “painting” on some of his photographic images.

 SUBRATO Gangopadhyay (Indian, b.1959)  Bio

SUBRATO Gangopadhyay (Indian, b.1959)

Subrata Gangopadhyay--born in 1959 in Calcutta--was graduated from Government College of Art & Crafts in 1980 with a first-class Diploma in Paintings (Life-Nature and Murals). Widely known as one of India's leading painters in the modern realistic tradition, his artistic vision is informed by a vivid array of swirling colors and a sense of rhythmic movement (external and internal). These characteristics are abundant in a series that he has done on Indian dances. In these oil and acrylic canvases, the dancers come alive in all of their colorful glory, the swirl of their ghagras leading the rhythm of their feet. He has had eight solo exhibitions since 1991, and participated in many other exhibitions, including one in Tokyo in 1998. Private collectors abroad include Germany, Nepal, Japan, United Kingdom, and United States.

 TABATABAEI Mojtaba (Iranian, b. 1966)  Bio

TABATABAEI Mojtaba (Iranian, b. 1966)

He was born in 1966, in Tehran,Iran,as a Painter and Illustrator.He Graduated in Painting from the school of fine arts 1986.And In 1991, he received the B.A. of Painting from Tehran Art university.He is the Member of society of Iranian Painters and Member of Association for Illustrators of Book Chidren.He held his individual exhibition:Elahe Art Gallery in 2002,2003,2004 and Iranian Artist's Forum in 2004 & Assar Art Gallery in 2005.

 TAP Chris (Nederland, b. 1973)  Bio

TAP Chris (Nederland, b. 1973)

 TAP Chris (Nederland, b. 1973)  Bio

TAP Chris (Nederland, b. 1973)

 TCHELITCHEW Pavel (Russian,1898-1957)  Bio

TCHELITCHEW Pavel (Russian,1898-1957)

Pavel Tchelitchew was a Russian-born surrealist painter, set designer and costume designer. He left Russia in 1920, lived in Berlin from 1921 to 1923, and moved to Paris in 1923. In Paris Tchelitchew became acquainted with Gertrude Stein and, through her, the Sitwell and Gorer families. He and Edith Sitwell had a long-standing close friendship and they corresponded frequently. His first U.S. show was of his drawings, along with other artists, at the newly-opened Museum of Modern Art in 1930. In 1934, he moved from Paris to New York City with his partner, writer Charles Henri Ford. From 1940 to 1947, he provided illustrations for the Surrealist magazine View, edited by Ford and writer and film critic Parker Tyler. His most significant work is the painting Hide and Seek, painted in 1940–42, and currently on display in the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. He became a United States citizen in 1952 and died in Grottaferrata, Italy in 1957.

 TCHELITHEW Pavel (Russian,1898-1957)  Bio

TCHELITHEW Pavel (Russian,1898-1957)

Pavel Tchelitchew was a Russian-born surrealist painter, set designer and costume designer. He left Russia in 1920, lived in Berlin from 1921 to 1923, and moved to Paris in 1923. In Paris Tchelitchew became acquainted with Gertrude Stein and, through her, the Sitwell and Gorer families. He and Edith Sitwell had a long-standing close friendship and they corresponded frequently. His first U.S. show was of his drawings, along with other artists, at the newly-opened Museum of Modern Art in 1930. In 1934, he moved from Paris to New York City with his partner, writer Charles Henri Ford. From 1940 to 1947, he provided illustrations for the Surrealist magazine View, edited by Ford and writer and film critic Parker Tyler. His most significant work is the painting Hide and Seek, painted in 1940–42, and currently on display in the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. He became a United States citizen in 1952 and died in Grottaferrata, Italy in 1957.

 TEKCAN Suleyman Saim (Turkish)  Bio

TEKCAN Suleyman Saim (Turkish)

 THE LONDON POLICE (British)  Bio

THE LONDON POLICE (British)

Chaz and Bob founded The London Police in 1998. Born in Chelmsford, Essex in 1977, they have now been based in Amsterdam for over a decade. Internationally recognized for their artwork, toy design and street interventions. The London Police have developed a clean, distinct, and highly recognizable style over the years. The sensory thrill of their work is influenced in part by technology and science fiction, the magic of the cinema, and the empowering nature of the urban environment.

 THORGERSON Storm (British,b.1944)  Bio

THORGERSON Storm (British,b.1944)

Storm Thorgerson was born in Potters Bar, which was in Middlesex at the time and is now in Hertfordshire. He was a key member of the British graphic art group Hipgnosis, and designed many of their most famous single and album covers. Latterly, he runs a design studio called StormStudios - a loose group of freelancers. The current line up includes - Rupert Truman (Photographer), Peter Curzon (Designer), Finlay Cowan (Designer and Illustrator), Daniel Abbott (Designer and Artist), Lee Baker (Designer, Retoucher and Artist), Jerry Sweet (Designer) along with Storm's Personal Assistant, Laura Truman. Perhaps Thorgerson's most famous designs are those for Pink Floyd.[1] His design for The Dark Side of the Moon has been called one of the greatest album covers of all time. (Designed by Thorgerson, the cover itself was the drawn by Hipgnosis designer George Hardie).[2] Many of his designs are notable for their surreal elements. He often places objects out of their traditional contexts, especially with vast spaces around them, to give them an awkward appearance while highlighting their beauty. To quote Thorgerson, "I like photography because it is a reality medium, unlike drawing which is unreal. I like to mess with reality...to bend reality. Some of my works beg the question of is it real or not?"[3] Several books have been devoted to surveying Thorgerson's work which spans more than three decades.

 TINGUELY Jean (Swiss, 1925-1991)  Bio

TINGUELY Jean (Swiss, 1925-1991)

Jean Tinguely (22 May 1925 in Fribourg, Switzerland – 30 August 1991 in Bern) was a Swiss painter and sculptor. He is best known for his sculptural machines or kinetic art, in the Dada tradition; known officially as metamechanics. Tinguely's art satirized the mindless overproduction of material goods in advanced industrial society. Tinguely grew up in Basel, but moved to France as a young adult to pursue a career in art. He belonged to the Parisian avantgarde in the mid-twentieth century and was one of the artists who signed the New Realist's manifesto (Nouveau réalisme) in 1960. His best-known work, a self-destroying sculpture titled Homage to New York (1960), only partially self-destructed at the Museum of Modern Art, New York City, although his later work, Study for an End of the World No. 2 (1962), detonated successfully in front of an audience gathered in the desert outside Las Vegas. In Arthur Penn's Mickey One (1965) the mime-like Artist (Kamatari Fujiwara) with his self-destructive machine is an obvious Tinguely tribute.

 TIRAFKAN Sadegh - (Iranian,b.1965)  Bio

TIRAFKAN Sadegh - (Iranian,b.1965)

Born in Iran in 1965, Tirafkan trained as a photographer at the University of Fine Arts in Tehran. Since the late 1980s, he has participated in numerous solo exhibitions and group shows, primarily in Tehran and Paris. His works are in the collections of several museums including the Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, British Museum, Brooklyn Museum and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Tirafkan employs different media in his work: photography, video installation, and collage. Tirafkan's work includes “Manhood”, which deals with the perception of masculinity in Persian culture. Other projects such as “Persepolis”, “Ashoura”, “Secret of Words” , “Iranian Man”, “Whispers of the East”, “The Loss of Our Identity”, “Multitude” and “Devotion” deal with Iranian history, identity, sociopolitical, religious and gender issues.

 TOBIASSE Theo (Lituanian, b. 1927)  Bio

TOBIASSE Theo (Lituanian, b. 1927)

Theo Tobiasse, master of the Paris School, was born in Jaffa, Israel in 1927 of Lithuanian parents. His father, a Zionist who was a printer by profession, had brought the family to Jaffa from Lithuania in 1925. Because of financial difficulties, the family returned to Lithuania when Tobiasse was still very young. However, by 1931 the family had settled in Paris. Tobiasse has never forgotten his first sight of Paris, the City of Light.During the Nazi occupation of Paris, the Tobiasse family lived hidden for two years in a minuscule apartment in Paris. After the war Tobiasse worked for 15 years as a very successful advertising artist, first in Paris and then in Nice. Since 1961, Tobiasse has enjoyed incredible success as far afield as New York, Paris, Tel Aviv, Caracas and Tokyo, in all of which he has had one-man shows. Art Expo New York, the world’s largest art trade show, listed Tobiasse as one of the only Museum Quality artists represented when American Fine Art Editions exhibited his works there in 1998. He imitates no one, but has sensitively collected imagery which evolves into an art that is truly his. It is the brilliant vision of Theo Tobiasse, expressed in his work, that echoes the vocabulary of modern art.

 TORRES Augusto (Uruguayan 1913 - 1992)  Bio

TORRES Augusto (Uruguayan 1913 - 1992)

 TREVELYAN Julian (British, 1910-1988)  Bio

TREVELYAN Julian (British, 1910-1988)

Trevelyan was the only child of Robert Calverley Trevelyan and his wife Elizabeth van der Hoeven. His grandfather was the liberal politician Sir George Otto Trevelyan and his uncle the historian George Macaulay Trevelyan. Julian Trevelyan was educated at Bedales School and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he read English Literature. He moved to Paris to become an artist and enrolled at Atelier Dix-Sept, Stanley William Hayter's engraving school, where he learned about etching. He worked alongside famous artists including Max Ernst, Oskar Kokoschka, Joan Miró and Pablo Picasso. In 1935, Trevelyan bought Durham Wharf, beside the River Thames in Hammersmith, London. This became his home and studio for the rest of his life and was a source of artistic inspiration to him. He became a confirmed Surrealist and exhibited at the International Surrealist Exhibition, held at the New Burlington Galleries in London. He married Ursula Darwin, daughter of Bernard Darwin and great-granddaughter of Charles Darwin, but their marriage was dissolved in 1950. Their son is the film-maker Philip Trevelyan. Julian Trevelyan married the painter Mary Fedden in 1951. From 1950 to 1955, Trevelyan taught history of art and etching at the Chelsea School of Art. During 1955-63, he was Tutor of Engraving at the Royal College of Art, rising to Head of the Etching Department where he was influential to many younger printmakers, including David Hockney and Norman Ackroyd. In July 1986, Trevelyan was awarded a senior fellowship at the Royal College of Art and in September 1987 he was appointed a Royal Academician. He died on 12 July 1988 in Hammersmith, London.

 TUNNARD John (British,1900-1971)  Bio

TUNNARD John (British,1900-1971)

John Tunnard was born in Sandy, Bedfordshire, and educated at Charterhouse School. He studied design at the Royal College of Art (1919–1923). In 1926, he married a fellow student, Mary May Robertson. During 1920s he worked in various textile design jobs in Manchester — for Tootal, Broadhurst, Lee & Co, the carpet manufacturers, H&M Southwell, and John Lewis Partnership. He took up painting seriously in 1928, and taught design at the Central School of Arts and Crafts, London, from 1929. In 1931 he exhibited at the Royal Academy and with the London Group, which he joined in 1934. In 1933 the Tunnards moved to Cadgwith, Cornwall, where they ran a business making printed silks. From the mid-1930s, he became friends with Julian Trevelyan, Henry Moore, John Betjeman and Humphrey Spender. During World War II he was a conscientious objector, working briefly as fisherman in 1939, then as an auxiliary coastguard for the duration of the war. From 1945 to 1965 he taught at the Penzance School of Art. He exhibited again at the Royal Academy in 1960, and was elected as an Associate in 1967. He died in Penzance in 1971.[1] [edit] Work Reclamation, oil & gouche on board, 1944 by John Tunnard Tate Gallery. Tunnard's early works were considered fairly conventional. His first major exhibition, held in 1932 at the Redfern Gallery, featured landscapes, marine scenes and still life. From the mid-1930s, however, he began to paint abstract works influenced by the styles of Joan Miró and Paul Klee, and further embraced British surrealism on reading Herbert Read's Surrealism. His works featured architectural and biomorphic forms combined with elements of constructivism. In his Self Portrait (now in the National Portrait Gallery (London) the artist depicts himself alongside an oversized insect. Tunnard, along with painter Graham Sutherland was loosely termed British Neo-romanticism, continuing the tradition of British landscape, but with a modern sensibility. In later life he became interested in space travel and entomology,[1] when he depicted satellites and moonscapes in painting Interest in his work diminished after his death in 1971. In 2000, there was a centenary exhibition at Durham University. There is a major retrospective at Pallant House Gallery in Chichester in Spring 2010 entitled 'John Tunnard: Inner Space to Outer Space', which explores the themes of abstraction, music and surrealism, nature and landscape, and science and space travel in his work. The exhibition is curated by Simon Martin.

 UNKNOWN Painter  Bio

UNKNOWN Painter

 VALADON Suzanne (1865-1938)  Bio

VALADON Suzanne (1865-1938)

(b Bessines-sur-Gartempe, nr Limoges, 23 Sept 1865; d Paris, 7 April 1938). French painter and artist’s model. She led a lonely childhood in Paris as the daughter of an unmarried and unaffectionate maid, seeking refuge from her bleak circumstances by living in a dream world. While residing in the Montmartre district of Paris, she became an artist’s model, working in particular with those painters who frequented the Lapin Agile. From 1880 to 1887, for example, she sat regularly for Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, posing for both the male and female figures in the Sacred Wood (1884–6; Lyon, Mus. B.-A.). She also modelled for Renoir, Luigi Zandomeneghi, Théophile Steinlein, Jean-Louis Forain, Giuseppe De Nittis and Jean-Jacques Henner. No longer able to tolerate the passive role of the model, she became a full-time painter in 1896, making use, however, of the working methods that she had observed in the studios of these painters.

 VALDES Manolo (Spanish, b.1942)  Bio

VALDES Manolo (Spanish, b.1942)

 VARGE SINAIE Gizila(Iran)  Bio

VARGE SINAIE Gizila(Iran)

 VASARELY Victor (Hungarian/French 1906 - 1997)  Bio

VASARELY Victor (Hungarian/French 1906 - 1997)

Vasarely was born in Pécs and grew up in Pieš&#357;any (then Pöstyén) and Budapest where in 1925 he took up medical studies at Budapest University. In 1927 he abandoned medicine to learn traditional academic painting at the private Podolini-Volkmann Academy. In 1928/1929, he enrolled at Sándor Bortnyik's m&#369;hely (lit. "workshop", in existence until 1938), then widely recognized as the center of Bauhaus studies in Budapest. Cash-strapped, the m&#369;hely could not offer all that the Bauhaus offered. Instead it concentrated on applied graphic art and typographical design. In 1929 he painted his Blue Study and Green Study. In 1930 he married his fellow student Claire Spinner (1908–1990). Together they had two sons, Andre and Jean-Pierre. In Budapest, he worked for a ball-bearings company in accounting and designing advertising posters. Victor Vasarely became a graphics designer and a poster artist during the 1930s who combined patterns and organic images with each other. Outdoor Vasarely artwork at the church of Pálos in Pécs Vasarely left Hungary and settled in Paris in 1930 working as a graphic artist and as a creative consultant at the advertising agencies Havas, Draeger and Devambez (1930–1935). His interactions with other artists during this time were limited. He played with the idea of opening up an institution modeled after Sándor Bortnyik's m&#369;hely and developed some teaching material for it. Having lived mostly in cheap hotels, he settled in 1942/1944 in Saint-Céré in the Lot département. After the Second World War, he opened an atelier in Arcueil, a suburb some 10 kilometers from the center of Paris (in the Val-de-Marne département of the Île-de-France). In 1961 he finally settled in Annet-sur-Marne (in the Seine-et-Marne département). Vasarely eventually went on to produce art and sculpture mainly focused around the area of optical illusion. Over the next three decades, Vasarely developed his style of geometric abstract art, working in various materials but using a minimal number of forms and colours: 1929-1944: Early graphics: Vasarely experimented with textural effects, perspective, shadow and light. His early graphic period results in works such as Zebras (1937), Chess Board (1935), and Girl-power (1934). 1944-1947: Les Fausses Routes - On the wrong track: During this period, Vasarely experimented with cubistic, futuristic, expressionistic, symbolistic and surrealistic paintings without developing a unique style. Afterwards, he said he was on the wrong track. He exhibited his works in the gallery of Denise René (1946) and the gallery René Breteau (1947). Writing the introduction to the catalogue, Jacques Prévert placed Vasarely among the surrealists. Prévert creates the term imaginoires (images + noir, black) to describe the paintings. Self Portrait (1941) and The Blind Man (1946) are associated with this period. 1947-1951: Developing geometric abstract art (optical art): Finally, Vasarely found his own style. The overlapping development are named after their geographical heritage. Denfert refers to the works influenced by the white tiled walls of the Paris Denfert - Rochereau metro station. Ellipsoid pebbles and shells found during a vacation in 1947 at the Breton coast at Belle Île inspired him to the Belles-Isles works. Since 1948, Vasarely usually spent his summer months in Gordes in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. There, the cubic houses led him to the composition of the group of works labelled Gordes/Cristal. He worked on the problem of empty and filled spaces on a flat surface as well as the stereoscopic view. Tribute to Malevitch (1954), Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas 1951-1955: Kinetic images, black-white photographies: From his Gordes works he developed his kinematic images, superimposed acrylic glass panes create dynamic, moving impressions depending on the viewpoint. In the black-white period he combined the frames into a single pane by transposing photographies in two colours. Tribute to Malevitch, a ceramic wall picture of 100 m² adorns the University of Caracas, Venezuela which he co-designed in 1954 with the architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva, is a major work of this period. Kinetic art flourished and works by Vasarely, Calder, Duchamp, Man Ray, Soto, Tinguely were exhibited at the Denise René gallery under the title Le Mouvement (the motion). Vasarely published his Yellow Manifest. Building on the research of constructivist and Bauhaus pioneers, he postulated that visual kinetics (plastique cinétique) relied on the perception of the viewer who is considered the sole creator, playing with optical illusions. 1955-1965: Folklore planétaire, permutations and serial art: On 2 March 1959, Vasarely patented his method of unités plastiques. Permutations of geometric forms are cut out of a coloured square and rearranged. He worked with a strictly defined palette of colours and forms (three reds, three greens, three blues, two violets, two yellows, black, white, gray; three circles, two squares, two rhomboids, two long rectangles, one triangle, two dissected circles, six ellipses) which he later enlarged and numbered. Out of this plastic alphabet, he started serial art, an endless permutation of forms and colours worked out by his assistants. (The creative process is produced by standardized tools and impersonal actors which questions the uniqueness of a work of art.) In 1963, Vasarely presented his palette to the public under the name of Folklore planetaire. 1965-: Hommage à l'hexagone, Vega: The Tribute to the hexagon series consists of endless transformations of indentations and relief adding color variations, creating a perpetual mobile of optical illusion. In 1965 Vasarely was included in the Museum of Modern Art exhibition "The Responsive Eye," created under the direction of William C. Seitz. His Vega series plays with spherical swelling grids creating an optical illusion of volume. In October 1967, designer Will Burtin invited Vasarely to make a presentation to Burtin's Vision ’67 conference, held at New York University. On 5 June 1970, Vasarely opened his first dedicated museum with over 500 works in a renaissance palace in Gordes (closed in 1996). A second major undertaking was the Foundation Vasarely in Aix-en-Provence, a museum housed in a distinct structure specially designed by Vasarely. It was inaugurated in 1976 by French president Georges Pompidou. Sadly the museum is now in a state of disrepair, several of the pieces on display have been damaged by water leaking from the ceiling. Also, in 1976 his large kinematic object Georges Pompidou was installed in the Centre Pompidou in Paris and the Vasarely Museum located at his birth place in Pécs, Hungary, was established with a large donation of works by Vasarely. In the same decade, he took a stab at industrial design with a 500-piece run of the upscale Suomi tableware by Timo Sarpaneva that Vasarely decorated for the German Rosenthal porcelain maker's Studio Linie.[2] In 1982 154 specially created serigraphs were taken into space by the cosmonaut Jean-Loup Chrétien on board the French-Soviet spacecraft Salyut 7 and later sold for the benefit of UNESCO. In 1987, the second Hungarian Vasarely museum was established in Zichy Palace in Budapest with more than 400 works. He died in Paris on 15 March 1997.

 Vasilije DOLOVACKI  Bio

Vasilije DOLOVACKI

 VILLERS Andre (French,b. 1930)  Bio

VILLERS Andre (French,b. 1930)

 VIONNET Corinne (Swiss, b.1969)  Bio

VIONNET Corinne (Swiss, b.1969)

Corinne Vionnet is an artist based in Switzerland. At the core of her artistic practice are topographical themes such as the social interaction between nature and humankind. Her work has been exhibited at Les Rencontres d'Arles, France; the Chelsea Art Museum, New York; the Museum of Contemporary Art, Denver; Fotomuseum, Belgium; Photo Center NW, Seattle; the Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lausanne. It has also featured in numerous publications, including PDN, The British Journal of Photography, Yvi, spot and the Humble Arts Foundation’s The Collector’s Guide to New Art Photography. In 2010, she was selected as one of Photolucida’s Critical Mass top 50 photographers. She took second place in the 2008 Culturas Languages; Zeros and Ones in Madrid, and received an honorable mention from the Santa Fe Center for Photography in the "Singular Image" category.

 VLAMINCK Maurice (French,1876-1958)  Bio

VLAMINCK Maurice (French,1876-1958)

 VOLKONSKII Irina (Russian)  Bio

VOLKONSKII Irina (Russian)

 VOLLET Jean (French, b.1935)  Bio

VOLLET Jean (French, b.1935)

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.<br><br> There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum.<br><br> Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections.

 VOROBIEFF Marie (Marevna) (Russian, 1892-1984)  Bio

VOROBIEFF Marie (Marevna) (Russian, 1892-1984)

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum.

Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections.

 WARHOL Andy (American, 1928-1987)  Bio

WARHOL Andy (American, 1928-1987)

The son of Ruthenian immigrants, Andy Warhol studied art at the Carnegie Institute of Technology. He worked as an advertising designer before becoming, in effect, the Father of Pop Art with his silk-screened pictures of Campbell's Soup cans and distorted images of Marilyn Monroe. He started directing films in 1963, if "directing" is the right word - most of his early work simply consisted of pointing the camera at something (a man asleep, the Empire State Building) and leaving it running, often for hours. His films gradually grew more sophisticated, with scripts and soundtracks, although they were generally performed by members of the Warhol "factory" - assorted groupies with little acting talent. After a near-fatal shooting by an unstable fan on June 3, 1968, Warhol retired from direct involvement in filmmaking, and under former assistant Paul Morrissey, the Warhol films became increasingly commercial. Warhol spent the 1970s and 1980s as a major pop culture figure, constantly attending parties and providing patronage to younger artists. He died in 1987 after a routine gallbladder operation at age 58.

 WEISBUCH Claude (French, 1927)  Bio

WEISBUCH Claude (French, 1927)

Claude Weisbuch (French, 1927). Claude was born near Nancy, France and at a very early stage able to combine an eminently classical style with a very contemporary sense of movement, paying passing homage to Callot, Lautrec, Rembrant and Daumier. He was appointed professor at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. His lithographs express the dynamic of life as a spontaneous expression; his oil paintings captivate a contemporary sensitivity which is recognised throughout the world. In addition to many publications, his work can be found in Museum of Modern Art, New York, Musee National d'Art Moderne, Paris, as well as museums in Switzerland, Germany, Brussels, Sweden, Spain and Australia.

 WEISSE Rudolf (Czech, 1859-1927)  Bio

WEISSE Rudolf (Czech, 1859-1927)

Rudolf Weisse (not to be confused with the Swiss Orientalist painter Johann Rudolf Weiss, b.1846) was born in Usti (Aussig), Bohemia, a town on the banks of the Elbe. He studied at the Viennese Akademie der Bildenden Künste. He exhibited at the Salon in Paris between 1889 and 1927 and also showed paintings in Vienna, London, Bordeaux and Toulon. Weisse specialized in portraits and Orientalist views, chiefly street scenes in Cairo, which he must have visited. He was influenced by the colourful, meticulous and realistic genre scenes of the Viennese painters Ludwig Deutsch (1855-1935) and Rudolf Ernst (1854-1932). In 1889 Weiss was awarded a Médaille d’Honneur at the Parisian Exposition Universelle for Après la guerre – scène orientale and a Portrait de femme. He won a gold medal in Vienna in 1920.

 WESSELMAN Tom (American, 1931-2004)  Bio

WESSELMAN Tom (American, 1931-2004)

Tom Wesselmann was born in Cincinnati / Ohio on 23 February 1931. Between 1945 and 1951 he studied at the Hiram College in Ohio before studying psychology at Cincinnati university. One year later he was called up for military service due to the Korea war. Being discontented with his situation he began to draw cartoons at that time. In 1954 he resumed his studies and apart from this he attended the art academy. He moved to New York and attends Cooper Union School for Arts and Architecture in 1956. He earned his living by working as a cartoonist for several journals and magazines as well as by teaching at a high school in Brooklyn. At the end of the fifties a series of collages in small format were created being regarded as precursors of the later series 'Great American Nudes' and 'Still life' in big format. Out of these collages he developed first nude depictions in 1960. His first single exhibition took place at the Tanager Gallery in New York in 1961. One year later he participated in the group exhibition 'New Realists' at the Sidney Janis Gallery, his international career with numerous exhibitions started off. The same year his first assemblages with the title 'Still Life' came into existence. In 1963 Wesselmann married his girl-friend and fellow student Claire Selley, who also was his most important model. He began a series of 'Bathtub Collages'. In 1966 the first of many one-man shows took place at the Janis Gallery. In 1964 Tom Wesselmann began with further series, e.g. 'Bedroom Paintings', 'Seascapes' and 'Smokers', which he continued until the early 1980s. In 1980 he published a treatise about his artistic development under the pseudonym Slim Stealingworth. In 1983 first 'Metal Works' were produced, which were based on the artist's drawings and sketches and which are still in the center of the artist's interest. In 1994 a comprehensive retrospective took place at the Kunsthalle in Tübingen. Wesselmann died in New York on 17 December 2004. His choice of trivial motifs, their monumentalisation, reduction to stereotypes, sexual embelematic as well as the use of bright colors made Wesselmann a co-founder of the American Pop-Art during the 1960s.

 WOU-KI Zao (Chinese/French b.1921)  Bio

WOU-KI Zao (Chinese/French b.1921)

At the tender age of fourteen Zao Wou-Ki began studying at the art academy of Hangzhou and began painting in oil. From 1941 to 1947 Wou-Ki worked there as a professor and showed his work in one of his first solo exhibitions. The young artist was strongly influenced by exponents of European Modernity. In 1948 Zao Wou-Ki emigrated to Paris, where he became acquainted with Henri Michaux, Alberto Giavometti, Joan Miró and Maria Elena Vieira da Silva. Wou-Ki attended courses at the "Grande Chaumière" in Paris and learned lithography. Only one year later his first Paris solo exhibition took place at the Creuze gallery and was followed by numerous others throughout Europe. Influenced by Paul Klee, Wou-Ki increasingly moved away from representational painting and turned towards a synthesis between Eastern calligraphy and European Art informel. Zao Wou-Ki's poetic, abstract pictures evoke scenic-cosmic associations. In 1953 the artist designed the set for the ballet "Die Perle" by R. Petit, followed by a Carnegie Award in Pittsburgh in 1955. In 1957-58 Zao Wou-Ki traveled around the USA. In 1964 he received French citizenship. In 1965 the artist's works were shown in a first large retrospective at the Folkwang museum in Essen. During the 1970s Wou-Ki repeatedly went to China and produced a series of ink paintings following Chinese traditions. As a friend of H. Michaux and A. Malraux, Zao Wou-Ki also contributed to numerous illustration projects. In 1980 he was appointed as a professor at the "Ecole Nationale supérieure des Arts décoratifs". During the 1990s Zao Wou-Ki received numerous honorary doctorates and the Japanese Premium Imperial Award and his works were shown at large international exhibitions including the Venice Biennale in 1996.

 WYSCOCKI Antoinette (American) & Pang Piecco (China)  Bio

WYSCOCKI Antoinette (American) & Pang Piecco (China)

Piecco Pang first met Antoinette Wysocki at her art opening in HK and a strong creative connection was formed. They agreed to associate their Visions of Colliding Art and Fashion, creating limited edition handbangs, designed by Pang that feature abstract Painting created by Antoinette Wysocki. Antoinette Wysocki Biography: Antoinette Wysocki is an expressionistic painter who employs mixed media on organic materials. Wysocki has removed herself from the confines of only stretched canvas and turned equal attention to working on rag.Paper allows the artist to play with absorption rates and its characteristic malleable quality retains the immediacy of drawing - Which has always been the touchstone for Wysocki's painting.The artist has developed a process of combining various materials, chance, control and analysis in her pieces. In each of her works, Wysocki creates a balance between the media and absorption rate of the surdace, so that the carious mateeials interact, binding or refracting from each other and the paper/linen itself. Each work starts with gestures and washes, and then moves into controlled brush strokes with detail.when the painting reachews a comfortatble finished point, it is them time to indulge in the materias. The goal is to balance raw, sometimes untouched surface in some areas with highly saturated colour in others, sometimes consciously, others by chance.One misused layer of material can alter the piece beyond repair,inspire to the next step or become the docus of the piece itself. Wysocki has shown internationally includingl: New York, London and Hong Kong. Piecco Pang Biography: As a self-proclaim perfectionist, Piecco Pang began to design & create unique, personalized clutch bags for close group of personal friends. Transcending his prodession as a pricate banker, what began as a hobby soon established Pang's reputation as one of Hong Kong's top bespoke clutch bag Designer. Piecco Pang bags & accessories celebrate originality, classic elegance though the bold use of colors, stunning textures, high quality leathers & impeccable craftsmanship. His creation are sold at: 'L' Eclaireur - Paris, 'Delage - Paris', 'browns - London', 'Happy Shop - Berlin', 'No30 - Milano','Level Shoe District - Dubai Mall'.

 XIAOGANG Zhang (Chinese, b.1958)  Bio

XIAOGANG Zhang (Chinese, b.1958)

Zhang Xiaogang is a contemporary Chinese symbolist and surrealist painter. Paintings in his Bloodline series are often monochromatic, stylized portraits of Chinese people, usually with large, dark-pupiled eyes, posed in a stiff manner deliberately reminiscent of family portraits from the 1950s and 60s.

 XUE Song (Chinese, B. 1965)  Bio

XUE Song (Chinese, B. 1965)

 YASUDA Yu (Japanese, b. 1982)  Bio

YASUDA Yu (Japanese, b. 1982)

1982 Born in Kagawa Prefecture, Japan 2001 Graduated from Saga Kita Highschool 2005 Graduated from Fukuoka University of Education 2007 Graduated from Musashino Art University (Master’s Degree) SELECTED EXHIBITIONS 2008 “TWS-EMERGING 2008&#8243; tokyo wonder site hongo “VOCA 2008&#8243; The Ueno Royal Museum “Tokyo Wonder Wall 2007 swaying on boundary Exhibition” Tokyo Metropolitan Government 2007 “TOKYOEYE01&#8243;at Daimaru Tokyo Art Gallery “solo Exhibition”at GALLERY b.TOKYO “Group Exhibition at MOGRA” at Gallery MOGRA “ART AWARD TOKYO” at Gyoko Chika Gallery “Tokyo Wonder Wall” at Museum of Contemporary Art,Tokyo AWARD Tokyo Wonder Wall 2007 Tokyo Wonder Wall Award The 22th Holbein Scholarship OTHER ACTIVITIES 2006 Provided an art piece for the Soulhead Music Video

 YIN Kun (Chinese,b.1969)  Bio

YIN Kun (Chinese,b.1969)

Yin Kun was born in 1969 in Deyang City, Sichuan Province. In 1992 he graduated from the Sichuan ARBA Normal College with a degree in oil painting. Currently he lives and works in Beijing. From 1999 to 2003 his oil works have been exhibited in Beijing, Singapore and Germany. His works can be found in corporate and private collections internationally. Today, Yin Kun is recognized as one of China's most talented artists.

 YONGPING Song (Chinese, b. 1961)  Bio

YONGPING Song (Chinese, b. 1961)

SONG Yongping (Chinese,b. 1961) Song Yongping was born in Taiyuan, Shanxi Province, and graduated from Tianjin Academy of Fine Arts in 1983. He is currently lecturing in National Institute of Film and Broadcasting. Trained as a painter, Song Yongping is an artist that works with a variety of mediums including photography, painting and performance. Song Yongping emerged in the 1990s as a member of the artist group that created the style of “New Pictures of the Floating World” (Xin fushihui), the name stemming from the ancient Japanese genre ukiyo-e (pictures of the floating world), which can also mean “pictures of the sad world”. Concerned with the impact of economic reformation on the society, Song Yongping tries to show his understanding and reflection on the living attitude through his satirical paintings. From 1998 to 2000, Song Yongping engaged in a series of photography works titled My Parents. Filled with humane sensibility, these photos faithfully recorded his bedridden parents’ daily life in a dilapidated apartment. Over the course of the series the artist's parents crumple through disease and grief, with the artist often appearing in the same poses, garments, and even medical apparatus, standing as empathic witness to their loss and his own. This photography series attracted wide international attention and was recently acquired by the Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago.

 YOUNG Russel (British,b.1960)  Bio

YOUNG Russel (British,b.1960)

 YUE Minjun (Chinese, b. 1962)  Bio

YUE Minjun (Chinese, b. 1962)

Yue Minjun, with Fang Lijun, is one of the most important Beijing-based artists of the Chinese avant garde. He is part of the key movement of the post-1989 era in Chinese avant garde art - Cynical Realism. Cynical Realism developed in the aftermath of the events of 1989 which included not only the demonstrations at Tiananmen Square but also the closure earlier that year of the China Avant Garde?exhibition at the China National Gallery in Beijing by the authorities. As the 1980s were characterised by great idealism and hope in the artistic community that they would be able to contribute to the regeneration of Chinese culture, the 1990s were characterised by a loss of idealism, a more ironical or personal viewpoint and a greater detachment from any regeneration of society or culture. Yue Minjun works are instantly recognizable by the characteristic laughing figure, actually the artist himself, depicted in various guises in virtually all his works. The figure has more teeth than one could possibly want, like the expensive smiles of fashion models advertising the latest whitening power of a toothpaste brand. This figure also shares the exaggerated nature of these advertising images. Yue Minjun trademark smile is many things at once. It is hilarious and infectious yet cynical and mocking. It appears superficial, mindless, even ridiculous but is deeply revealing and compelling. There are instant parallels to be drawn with the Social Realist propaganda posters of earlier eras of communism. There are the bright colours, the intense enthusiasm in the expressions of the figures and the implied joy and total fulfilment if one adopts the message of the poster/painting as one own mission. Yue Minjun was selected by Harald Szeemann for the 1999 Venice Biennale. In May 2000 Chinese Contemporary gave Yue Minjun his first solo exhibition ever.

 YUMING Song (Chinese, b.1954)  Bio

YUMING Song (Chinese, b.1954)

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 YVON Adolphe (Spanish, 1817-1893)  Bio

YVON Adolphe (Spanish, 1817-1893)

Adolphe Yvon (1817–1893) was a French painter known for his paintings from the Napoleonic Wars. Yvon studied under Paul Delaroche, rose to fame during the Second Empire, then finished his career as a teacher. Shortly after the end of the Crimean War in September 1855, Yvon was commissioned by the French government to paint a large picture of the capture of the Malakoff at Sevastopol.[1] He sailed for the Crimea on February 19, 1856 where he spent six weeks compiling a portfolio of sketches, as well as visiting the battlefield of Inkerman. In 1857, the finished painting La Prise de la tour de Malakoff 8 septembre 1855 was shown at the Paris Salon, and two years later came La Gorge de Malakoff, and La courtine de Malakoff.[2] La Prise was a massive piece measuring 6 metres by 9 metres and represented the moment when the fortification was captured around midday. In the succeeding years, Emperor Napoleon III began to admire his battle scenes; naturally he glorified the carnage of Napoleon I’s campaigns. Yvon became an officer of the Légion d’Honneur in 1867, and painted Napoleon III’s portrait the following year (unlocated). Yvon was known as the leading teacher of drawing at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts (1863–83). A few Americans received instruction from him, including Christian Schussele, Alfred Wordsworth Thompson, William Sartain, and J. Alden Weir. The latter took Yvon’s afternoon life-drawing class starting in the fall of 1874. Yvon provided the subject for compositional sketches for his students, for example, “The Assassination of Julius Caesar,” for which he specified how it should be done: “Caesar covers his head with his toga . . . he was shoved to the base of Pompey’s statue, which became bathed in his blood.” (Archives of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Archives Nationales, AJ52 63). Alexander Stewart, the American collector, commissioned Yvon to paint The Reconciliation of the North and the South (lost) in 1870. His Portrait of President Carnot (1888) appeared at the World’s Columbian Exposition.

 ZAKHAROV Alexandre (Russian, b.1957)  Bio

ZAKHAROV Alexandre (Russian, b.1957)

1965 Born in Moscow 1981-1985 Attends Academy of Art, Moscow 1982 Admitted as Member of Youth Department of Artists Union, Moscow Member of "Center," Moscow Member of "88," Moscow Member of RAAG, Moscow 1984 Salle du Manège, Moscow 1986 Salle du Manège, Moscow 1987 New Chamber Art. Arbat Exhibition Hall, Moscow 1988 Museum of Modern Art, Zagreb, Yugoslavia Salle du Manège, Moscow Halla Gwardi, Warsaw, Poland Maison des Juenes, Moscow The Union of Artists Gallery, Kiev The Armenian Representation Hall, Moscow 1989 Russian 20th Century & Avant-Garde Art Auction. Phillips, London Hauswedel & Nolte Auction, Hamburg Furmanny Lane. Galerie Peter Novietsky, Warsaw Galerie Bodenschatz, Basel, Switzerland Gallery Blanche, Stockholm, Sweden 1990 The Russian Experiment. Castle Gallery, New Rochelle, NY Art & Artifacts. Golda Meir Association, New York Stuart Levy Gallery, New York. Solo Exhibition 1991 Grant: Pollack-Krasner Foundation, NY The Russian Bestiaries. Maya Polsky Gallery, Chicago Soviet Russian Art Exhibition. Granovsky Gallery, Hong Kong Michael Kizhner Fine Art, Los Angeles 1992 Expectations of a Miracle, Russian Art at Home and Abroad. San Francisco 1993 Mimi Ferzt Gallery, New York Homosexual Ideology. Russian American Art Collective, New York 8+8. Schoeni Art Gallery, Hong Kong Old Symbols, New Icons in Russian Contemporary Art. Stuart Levy Gallery, New York 1994 Artist in Residence. Brandywine Workshop, Philadelphia Origins of Man. Schoeni Gallery, Hong Kong, Solo Exhibition Ideal Landscapes. de Saisset Museum, Santa Clara, CA Ascending Angels. Mimi Ferzt Gallery, New York 1995 New York Scenes. Mimi Ferzt Gallery, New York. Solo Exhibition 1996 Scratch. Thread Waxing Space, New York The Sciences: A Cultural Context. New York Academy of Sciences, New York, Binghamton University Art Museum, NY 1997 International Print Exhibition. Portland Museum of Art, Oregon International Miniature Print Exhibition. Connecticut Graphic Arts Center, Norwalk, CT Member of The Print Club of New York Under the Magnifying Glass. Mimi Ferzt Gallery, New York. Solo Exhibition. International Print Show. Barrett House Galleries, Poughkeepsie, NY Celebrating the Still Life. Mimi Ferzt Gallery, New York 1999 Nudes. Mimi Ferzt Gallery, New York Animals in Art. Boston Center for the Arts, MA Sky, Earth, Water. Mimi Ferzt Gallery, New York. Solo Exhibition 2001 Sentimental Travel. Mimi Ferzt Gallery, New York. Solo Exhibition 2002 New York City Workshop Exhibition. New York Students Art League, New York My Mind’s Eye. Mimi Ferzt Gallery, New York. Solo Exhibition 2003 New World. United Nations, NY. Solo Exhibit. Solo Exhibition. Coda Gallery, New York Museums and Public Collections: Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow Duke University Museum of Art, Durham, NC Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum, New Brunswick, NJ The Fogg Museum of Art, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA The Portland Museum of Art, Oregon

 ZARDINS Adolf (Lithuanian, b. 1890-1967)  Bio

ZARDINS Adolf (Lithuanian, b. 1890-1967)

 ZAROU Victor (French,b.1930)  Bio

ZAROU Victor (French,b.1930)

 ZENG Fanzhi (Chinese, b. 1964)  Bio

ZENG Fanzhi (Chinese, b. 1964)

 ZVEREV Anatolij Timofeevic  Bio

ZVEREV Anatolij Timofeevic